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Cape Otway

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Title: Cape Otway  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of Victoria, Barham River, Parker River, Aire River (Victoria), Southern Ocean
Collection: Bass Strait, Coastal Towns in Victoria (Australia), Headlands of Victoria (Australia), Otway Ranges
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Cape Otway

Cape Otway
Victoria
Cape Otway coast
Cape Otway is located in Colac Otway Shire
Cape Otway
Coordinates
Location
LGA(s) Colac Otway Shire
State electorate(s) Polwarth
Federal Division(s) Corangamite
Localities around Cape Otway:
Glenaire Aire Valley Apollo Bay
Hordern Vale Cape Otway Apollo Bay
Southern Ocean Southern Ocean Bass Strait

Cape Otway is a cape and a bounded locality of the Colac Otway Shire in southern Victoria, Australia on the Great Ocean Road; much of the area is enclosed in the Great Otway National Park.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Commercial fisheries 2
  • Other uses 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Cape Otway was originally inhabited by the Gadubanud people; evidence of their campsites is contained in the middens throughout the region. The Cape was discovered by Europeans when Lieutenant James Grant made the first west-to-east passage through Bass Strait in the Lady Nelson in December 1800. Grant named it Cape Albany Otway after Captain William Albany Otway.[1] This was later shortened to Cape Otway.

Cape Otway Lighthouse was built on the point of the cape in 1848. The lighthouse is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.[2]

A telegraph office opened in 1859. The post office opened on 1 September 1880 and closed in 1972.[3]

Eight ships were wrecked along the coast of Cape Otway.[4] These included the Marie (1851), Sacramento (1853), Schomberg (1855), Loch Ard (1878), Joseph H. Scammell (May 1891), Fiji (September 1891) and the Casino in 1932. The first American vessel sunk during World War II, the SS City of Rayville, was also sunk off the Cape by a German mine. Following this, the Americans built a radar bunker on the cape in 1942; it is now open to the public.

Commercial fisheries

The hostile seas, where the Southern Ocean meets with Bass Strait, that surround Cape Otway are home to some of the worlds most prized marine species including crayfish and abalone. It is common on calm days for there to be as many as 20 abalone dive boats operating along the shoreline beneath the light house. Commercial cray fishers use baited pots or traps throughout the reef system, with white floats on the surface marking their locations.

Other uses

See also

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ "Cape Otway Lightstation (H1222)".  
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 20 February 2013 
  4. ^ Australia's Great Ocean Road. Shipwrecks
  5. ^ "Cape Otway". Scottish Ship Management. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
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