Chairman of the KGB

Chairman of the Committee for State Security
Former political post
Flag of the KGB commanders
Predecessor None
First officeholder Felix Dzerzhinsky
Last officeholder Vadim Bakatin
Official residence Lubyanka Building
Office began 30 December 1922
Office ended 22 October 1991

The Chairman of the KGB was the head of the Soviet KGB. He was assisted by one or two First Deputy Chairmen, and four to six Deputy Chairmen. And he was the head of the Collegium of the KGB— which consisted of the Chairman, deputy chairmen, Directorate Chiefs, and one or two republic-level KGB organization chairmen— who affected key policy decisions.

List

# Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Premier
1 Chairman of the Cheka (1917–1922)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
100px 20 December 1917 6 February 1922
Chairman of the GPU (1922–1934)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
100px 6 February 1922 20 July 1926
2 Vyacheslav| Menzhinsky
(1874–1934)
30 July 1926 10 May 1934
3 People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1934–1934)
Genrikh Yagoda
(1891–1936)
10 July 1934 26 September 1936
4 Nikolai Yezhov
(1885–1940)
26 September 1936 25 November 1938
5 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
25 November 1938 3 February 1941
6 People's Commissar for State Security (1941)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
3 February 1941 20 July 1941
5 People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1941–1943)
Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
20 July 1941 14 April 1943
6 People's Commissar for State Security (1943–1946)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
14 April 1943 15 March 1946
Ministry of State Security (1946–1953)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1954)
15 March 1946 18 March 1946
7 Viktor Abakumov
(1908–1954)
18 March 1946 1951
8 Semyon Ignatyev
(1904–1983)
1951 5 March 1953
5 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
5 March 1953 26 June 1953
  • Georgy Malenkov (1953–1955)
9 Sergei Kruglov
(1907–1977)
June 1953 13 March 1954
  • Georgy Malenkov (1953–1955)
10 Chairman of the Committee for State Security (1953–1991)
Ivan Serov
(1905–1990)
13 March 1954 8 December 1958
  • Georgy Malenkov (1953–1955)
  • Nikolai Bulganin (1955–1958)
  • Nikita Khrushchev (1958–1964)
11 Alexander Shelepin
(1918–1994)
25 December 1958 13 November 1961
12 Vladimir Semichastny
(1924–2001)
13 November 1961 18 May 1967
13 Yuri Andropov
(1914–1984)
18 May 1967 26 May 1982
14 Vitaly Fedorchuk
(1918–2004)
26 May 1982 17 December 1982
15 Viktor Chebrikov
(1923–1999)
100px 17 December 1982 1 October 1988
16 Vladimir Kryuchkov
(1924–2007)
1 October 1988 22 August 1991
- Leonid Shebarshin (interim)
(1935–2012)
22 August 1991 23 August 1991
17 Vadim Bakatin
(born 1937)
23 August 1991 22 October 1991

See also

Citations

Sources

Further reading

  • Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia – Past, Present, and Future. Farrar Straus Giroux (1994) ISBN 0-374-52738-5.
  • John Barron. KGB: The Secret Works Of Soviet Secret Agents. Bantam Books (1981) ISBN 0-553-23275-4
  • Vadim J. Birstein. The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science. Westview Press (2004) ISBN 0-8133-4280-5 (describes a secret KGB lab engaged in development and testing of poisons)
  • John Dziak, Chekisty: A History of the KGB, Lexington Books (1988) ISBN 978-0-669-10258-1
  • Бережков, Василий Иванович (2004). Руководители Ленинградского управления КГБ : 1954-1991. Санкт-Петербург: Выбор, 2004. ISBN 5-93518-035-9 (in Russian)

External links

  • KGB Information Center from FAS.org
  • Chebrikov, Viktor M., et al., eds. Istoriya sovetskikh organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti. (1977) [1]
  • Yuri Shchekochikhin

Coordinates: 55°45′31″N 37°37′32″E / 55.7587°N 37.6256°E / 55.7587; 37.6256

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