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Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee

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Title: Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, Austen Chamberlain, Reginald Maudling, Winston Churchill, James Stansfeld
Collection: 1838 Births, 1906 Deaths, Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, British Secretaries of State, Burials at Kensal Green Cemetery, Chancellors of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom, Conservative Party (Uk) Mps, Members of London County Council, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People Educated at the City of London School, People from Dundee, Politics of Croydon, Progressive Party (London) Politicians, Rectors of the University of Aberdeen, Secretaries of State for the Home Department, Uk Mps 1874–80, Uk Mps 1880–85, Uk Mps 1885–86, Uk Mps 1886–92, Uk Mps 1895–1900, Uk Mps 1900–06
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee

The Right Honourable
The Lord Ritchie of Dundee
President of the Board of Trade
In office
29 June 1895 – 7 November 1900
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by James Bryce
Succeeded by Gerald Balfour
Home Secretary
In office
12 November 1900 – 12 July 1902
Monarch Victoria
Edward VII
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Succeeded by Aretas Akers-Douglas
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
11 August 1902 – 9 October 1903
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
Succeeded by Austen Chamberlain
Personal details
Born (1838-11-19)19 November 1838
Dundee, Scotland
Died 9 January 1906(1906-01-09) (aged 67)
Biarritz, France
Resting place Kensal Green Cemetery, London, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative

Charles Thomson Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee PC (19 November 1838 – 9 January 1906) was a British businessman and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 until 1905 when he was raised to the peerage. He served as Home Secretary from 1900 to 1902 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1902 to 1903.


  • Background and education 1
  • Political career 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Background and education

Ritchie was born at Dundee, Scotland, the third son of William Ritchie, of Rockhill near Broughty Ferry in Forfarshire, head of the firm of William Ritchie & Sons, of London and Dundee, East India merchants, jute spinners and manufacturers. The Ritchie family had long been connected with the town of Dundee. His elder brother James Ritchie was Lord Mayor of London from 1903 to 1904 and was created a Baronet in 1903 (a title which became extinct on his death; see Ritchie Baronets). Ritchie was educated at the City of London School, after which he went into business.

He married Margaret Ower, daughter of Thomas Ower of Perth, on 7 December 1858.

Political career

Caricature of Charles Thomson Ritchie by Carlo Pellegrini.

In 1874 was returned to parliament as Local Government Act 1888, instituting county councils; and a large section of the Conservative party always owed him a grudge for having originated the London County Council.

In Lord Salisbury's later ministries, as member for Croydon (1895–1906), he was President of the Board of Trade (1895–1900) and Home Secretary (1900–1902); and when Sir Michael Hicks-Beach retired in 1902, he became Chancellor of the Exchequer in Balfour's cabinet. In his earlier years he had been a fair-trader and he was strongly opposed to Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain's movement for a preferential tariff, leading to his sacking by Balfour in September 1903.

On 22 December 1905, he was created a peer as Baron Ritchie of Dundee, of Welders in the Parish of Chalfont St Giles in the County of Buckingham.[1] However, he was in ill-health, and died at Biarritz in January 1906. He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, London.[2] He was succeeded in the title by his second but only surviving son, Charles.



  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27867. p. 9263. 26 December 1905.
  2. ^ Paths of Glory. Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery. 1997. p. 97. 
  • Ridley, Jane (May 2006) [2004]. "Ritchie, Charles Thomson, first Baron Ritchie of Dundee (1838–1906)". (subscription or UK public library membership required)  

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda
Acton Smee Ayrton
Member of Parliament for Tower Hamlets
With: Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda (1874–1880)
James Bryce (1880–1885)
Constituency abolished
New constituency Tower Hamlets, St George
Succeeded by
John Benn
Preceded by
Hon. Sidney Herbert
Member of Parliament for Croydon
Succeeded by
H. O. Arnold-Forster
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Brassey
Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty
Succeeded by
John Tomlinson Hibbert
Preceded by
James Stansfeld
President of the Local Government Board
Succeeded by
Henry Fowler
Preceded by
James Bryce
President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
Gerald Balfour
Preceded by
Sir Matthew Ridley, Bt
Home Secretary
Succeeded by
Aretas Akers-Douglas
Preceded by
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Succeeded by
Austen Chamberlain
Academic offices
Last known title holder:
The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal
Rector of the University of Aberdeen
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Treves, Bt
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Ritchie of Dundee
Succeeded by
Charles Ritchie
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