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Cricket World Cup

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Cricket World Cup

ICC Cricket World Cup
Administrator International Cricket Council (ICC)
Format One Day International
First tournament 1975 (England)
Last tournament 2011 (India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)
Next tournament 2015 (Australia and New Zealand)
Tournament format ↓various
Number of teams 19 (all tournaments)
14 (most recent)
Current champion  India (2nd title in 2011)
Most successful  Australia (4 titles)
Most runs Sachin Tendulkar (2,278)
Most wickets Glenn McGrath (72)

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of International Cricket Council (ICC), with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament held every four years. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC.[1]

The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years prior. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, and a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia, England and South Africa. Each of the first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.

The finals of the World Cup are contested by the ten full members of the ICC (all of which are Test-playing teams) and a number of teams made up from associate and affiliate members of the ICC, selected via the World Cricket League and a later qualifying tournament. A total of 19 teams have competed in the ten editions of the tournament, with 14 competing in the 2011 tournament. Australia has won the tournament four times, with the West Indies, India (twice each), Pakistan and Sri Lanka (once each) also having won the tournament. The best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament.


Before the first Cricket World Cup

The first ever international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on the 24 and 25 September 1844.[2] However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams competed regularly for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889.[3] Representative cricket teams were selected to tour each other, resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal.[4] This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.

The first multilateral competition at international level was the Asian Test Championship in 1999.

The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over the years, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952, but international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup,[6] and continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969. The first One-Day International event was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over match with eight balls per over.[7]

In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket (WSC) competition. It introduced many of the features of One Day [8]

Prudential World Cups (1975–1983)

The Prudential Cup trophy

The inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at that time. The 1975 tournament started on 7 June.[9] The first three events were held in England and officially known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc. The matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during the daytime in traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls.[10]

Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, and the West Indies (the six Test nations at the time), together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa.[11] One notable omission was South Africa, who were banned from international cricket due to apartheid. The tournament was won by the West Indies, who defeated Australia by 17 runs in the final at Lord's.[11]

The 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing teams for the World Cup,[12] with Sri Lanka and Canada qualifying.[13] The West Indies won a second consecutive World Cup tournament, defeating the hosts, England, by 92 runs in the final At a meeting which followed the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference agreed to make the competition a quadrennial event.[13]

The 1983 event was hosted by England for a third consecutive time. By this time, Sri Lanka had become a Test-playing nation, and Zimbabwe qualified through the ICC Trophy. A fielding circle was introduced, 30 yards (27 m) away from the stumps. Four fieldsmen needed to be inside it at all times.[14] In this tournament teams faced each other twice, before moving into the knock-outs. India, an outsider quoted at 66–1 to win by bookmakers before the competition began, were crowned champions after upsetting the West Indies by 43 runs in the final.[8][15]


India and Pakistan jointly hosted the 1987 tournament, the first time that the competition was held outside England. The games were reduced from 60 to 50 overs per innings, the current standard, because of the shorter daylight hours in the Indian subcontinent compared with England's summer.[16] Australia won the championship by defeating England by 7 runs in the final, the closest margin in World Cup final history.[17][18]

The 1992 World Cup, held in Australia and New Zealand, introduced many changes to the game, such as coloured clothing, white balls, day/night matches, and a change to the fielding restriction rules. The South African cricket team participated in the event for the first time, following the fall of the apartheid regime and the end of the international sports boycott.[19] Pakistan overcame a dismal start in the tournament to eventually defeat England by 22 runs in the final and emerge as winners.[20]

The 1996 championship was held in the Indian subcontinent for a second time, with the inclusion of Sri Lanka as host for some of its group stage matches.[21] In the semi-final, Sri Lanka, heading towards a crushing victory over India at Eden Gardens after the hosts lost eight wickets while scoring 120 runs in pursuit of 254, were awarded victory by default after crowd unrest broke out in protest against the Indian performance.[22] Sri Lanka went on to win their maiden championship by defeating Australia by seven wickets in the final in Lahore.[23]

Australian treble (1999-2007)

In 1999 the event was hosted by England, with some matches also being held in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the Netherlands.[24][25] The nine full members contested the World Cup along with three associate members: Kenya, and for the first time, Bangladesh and Scotland who qualified through the ICC Trophy. Australia qualified for the semi-finals after reaching their target in their Super 6 match against South Africa off the final over of the match.[26] They then proceeded to the final with a tied match in the semi-final also against South Africa where a mix-up between South African batsmen Lance Klusener and Allan Donald saw Donald drop his bat and stranded mid-pitch to be run out. In the final, Australia dismissed Pakistan for 132 and then reached the target in less than 20 overs and with eight wickets in hand.[27]

A large crowd of over 10,000 fans welcome the Australian team on completing the first World Cup hat-trick – Martin Place, Sydney.

South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya hosted the 2003 World Cup. The number of teams participating in the event increased from twelve to fourteen. Kenya's victories over Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, among others – and a forfeit by the New Zealand team, which refused to play in Kenya because of security concerns – enabled Kenya to reach the semi-finals, the best result by an associate. In the final, Australia made 359 runs for the loss of two wickets, the largest ever total in a final, defeating India by 125 runs.[28][29]

In 2007 the tournament was hosted by the West Indies and expanded to sixteen teams.[30] Following Pakistan's upset loss to World Cup debutants Ireland in the group stage, Pakistani coach Bob Woolmer was found dead in his hotel room.[31] Jamaican police had initially launched a murder investigation into Woolmer's death but later confirmed that he died of heart failure.[32] Australia defeated Sri Lanka in the final by 53 runs (D/L) in farcical light conditions, and extended their undefeated run in the World Cup to 29 matches and winning three straight championships.[33]


The 2011 Cricket World Cup was jointly hosted by India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Pakistan were stripped of their hosting rights following the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team, with the games originally scheduled for Pakistan redistributed to the other host countries.[34] The number of teams participating in the World Cup dropped down to fourteen. India won their second World Cup title by beating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, and became the first country to win the final on home soil.[35] India's Yuvraj Singh was named man of the tournament.[36]



The Test-playing nations qualify automatically for the World Cup main event, while the other teams have to qualify through a series of preliminary qualifying tournaments. The One Day International playing nations automatically enter the final qualification tournament, the World Cup Qualifier, along with other nations who have qualified through separate competitions.

Qualifying tournaments were introduced for the second World Cup, where two of the eight places in the finals were awarded to the leading teams in the ICC Trophy.[12] The number of teams selected through the ICC Trophy has varied throughout the years; currently, six teams are selected for the Cricket World Cup. The World Cricket League (administered by the International Cricket Council) is the qualification system provided to allow the Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC more opportunities to qualify. The name "ICC Trophy" has been changed to "ICC World Cup Qualifier".[37]

Under the current qualifying process, the World Cricket League, all 91 Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC are able to qualify for the World Cup. Associate and Affiliate members must play between two and five stages in the ICC World Cricket League to qualify for the World Cup finals, depending on the Division in which they start the qualifying process.

Process summary in chronological order:

  1. Regional tournaments: Top teams from each regional tournaments will be promoted to a division depending on the teams' rankings according to the ICC and each division's empty spots.
  2. Division One: 6 Teams – All automatically qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  3. Division Two: 6 Teams – Top 4 qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  4. Division Three: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Two.
  5. Division Four: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Three.
  6. Division Five: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Four.
  7. Division Three (second edition): 6 Teams – Top 2 qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  8. ICC World Cup Qualifier: 12 Teams – Top 6 are awarded ODI status and Top 4 qualify for the World Cup.


The captains of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

The format of the Cricket World Cup has changed greatly over the course of its history. Each of the first four tournaments was played by eight teams, divided into two groups of four.[38] The competition consisted of two stages, a group stage and a knock-out stage. The four teams in each group played each other in the round-robin group stage, with the top two teams in each group progressing to the semi-finals. The winners of the semi-finals played against each other in the final. With South Africa returning in the fifth tournament in 1992 as a result of the end of the apartheid boycott, nine teams played each other once in the group phase, and the top four teams progressed to the semi-finals.[39] The tournament was further expanded in 1996, with two groups of six teams.[40] The top four teams from each group progressed to quarter-finals and semi-finals.

A new format was used for the 1999 and 2003 World Cups. The teams were split into two pools, with the top three teams in each pool advancing to the Super 6.[41] The "Super 6" teams played the three other teams that advanced from the other group. As they advanced, the teams carried their points forward from previous matches against other teams advancing alongside them, giving them an incentive to perform well in the group stages.[41] The top four teams from the "Super 6" stage progressed to the semi-finals, with winners playing in the final.

The format used in the 2007 World Cup features 16 teams allocated into four groups of four.[42] Within each group, the teams play each other in a round-robin format. Teams earn points for wins and half-points for ties. The top two teams from each group move forward to the Super 8 round. The "Super 8" teams play the other six teams that progressed from the different groups. Teams earned points in the same way as the group stage, but carrying their points forward from previous matches against the other teams who qualified from the same group to the "Super 8" stage.[43] The top four teams from the "Super 8" round advance to the semi-finals, and the winners of the semi-finals play in the final.

The current format used in the 2011 World Cup features 2 groups of 7 teams, each playing in a round-robin format. The top four teams from each group proceed to the knock out stage consisting of quarter-finals, semi-finals and ultimately the final.


The ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the World Cup. The current trophy was created for the 1999 championships, and was the first permanent prize in the tournament's history. Prior to this, different trophies were made for each World Cup.[44] The trophy was designed and produced in London by a team of craftsmen from Garrard & Co over a period of two months.

The current trophy is made from silver and gild, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball.[45] It stands 60 cm high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms. The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions. The ICC keeps the original trophy. A replica differing only in the inscriptions is permanently awarded to the winning team.[46]

Media coverage


The tournament is the world's third largest (with only the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics exceeding it), being televised in over 200 countries to over 2.2 billion television viewers.[47][48][49][50] Television rights, mainly for the 2011 and 2015 World Cup, were sold for over US$1.1 billion,[51] and sponsorship rights were sold for a further US$500 million.[52] The 2003 Cricket World Cup matches were attended by 626,845 people,[53] while the 2007 Cricket World Cup sold more than 672,000 tickets.[54][55]

Successive World Cup tournaments have generated increasing media attention as One-Day International cricket has become more established. The 2003 World Cup in South Africa was the first to sport a mascot, Dazzler the zebra.[56] An orange mongoose known as Mello was the mascot for the 2007 Cricket World Cup.[57] Stumpy, a blue elephant was the mascot for the 2011 World Cup.[58]

Selection of hosts

Civic Centre, South Africa honours the 2003 World Cup.

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining the bids made by the nations keen to hold a Cricket World Cup.[59]

England hosted the first three competitions. The ICC decided that England should host the first tournament because it was ready to devote the resources required to organising the inaugural event.[9] India volunteered to host the third Cricket World Cup, but most ICC members preferred England as the longer period of daylight in England in June[60] meant that a match could be completed in one day.[61] The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in Pakistan and India, the first hosted outside England.[62]

Many of the tournaments have been jointly hosted by nations from the same geographical region, such as South Asia in 1987, 1996 and 2011, Australasia in 1992, Southern Africa in 2003 and West Indies in 2007.

Tournament history

Year Host Nation(s) Final Venue Final
Winner Result Runner-up

Lord's, London,
 West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
274 all out (58.4 overs)

Lord's, London,
 West Indies
286/9 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 92 runs
194 all out (51 overs)

England, Wales
Lord's, London,
183 all out (54.4 overs)
India won by 43 runs
 West Indies
140 all out (52 overs)

India, Pakistan
Eden Gardens, Calcutta,
253/5 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs
246/8 (50 overs)

Australia, New Zealand
MCG, Melbourne,
249/6 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 22 runs
227 all out (49.2 overs)

Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore,
 Sri Lanka
245/3 (46.2 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets
241/7 (50 overs)

England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands
Lord's, London,
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
132 all out (39 overs)

South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya
Wanderers, Johannesburg,
South Africa
359/2 (50 overs)
Australia won by 125 runs
234 all out (39.2 overs)

West Indies
Kensington Oval, Bridgetown,
281/4 (38 overs)
Australia won by 53 runs (D/L)
 Sri Lanka
215/8 (36 overs)

India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh
Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai,
277/4 (48.2 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
 Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)

Australia, New Zealand
MCG, Melbourne,

England, Wales


Performances by teams

Map of each nation's best results

Twenty nations have qualified for the finals of the Cricket World Cup at least once (excluding qualification tournaments). Seven teams have competed in every finals tournament, five of which have won the title.[8] The West Indies won the first two tournaments, Australia has won four, India has won two, while Pakistan and Sri Lanka have each won once. The West Indies (1975 and 1979) and Australia (1999, 2003 and 2007) are the only nations to have won consecutive titles.[8] Australia has played in 6 of the 10 final matches (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007). England has yet to win the World Cup, but has been runners-up three times (1979, 1987, 1992). The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the semi-final appearance by Kenya in the 2003 tournament; while the best result by a non-Test playing team on their debut is the Super 8 (second round) by Ireland in 2007.[8]

Sri Lanka, who co-hosted the 1996 Cricket World Cup, was the first host to win the tournament, though the final was held in Pakistan.[8] India won the 2011 as host and was the first team to win in a final played in their own country.[63] England is the only other host to have made the final, in 1979. Other countries which have achieved or equalled their best World Cup results while co-hosting the tournament are New Zealand as semi-finalists in 1992; Zimbabwe who reached the Super Six in 2003; and Kenya as semi-finalists in 2003.[8] In 1987, co-hosts India and Pakistan both reached the semi-finals, but were eliminated by Australia and England respectively.[8] Australia in 1992, England in 1999, South Africa in 2003, and Bangladesh in 2011 have been the host teams to get out in the first round.

Teams' performances

Comprehensive teams' performances of over the past World Cups:
Team \ Host 1975 1979 1983 1987 1992 1996 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019 2023

 Afghanistan Q
 Australia 2nd 6th 5th 1st 5th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 6th Q
 Bangladesh 9th 13th 7th 10th Q
 Bermuda 16th
 Canada 8th 12th 14th 12th
East Africa 8th
 England 3rd 2nd 3rd 2nd 2nd 8th 8th 9th 6th 7th Q Q
 India 6th 7th 1st 3rd 7th 3rd 6th 2nd 9th 1st Q Q
 Ireland 8th 11th Q
 Kenya 10th 11th 3rd 11th 14th
 Namibia 14th
 Netherlands 12th 11th 12th 13th
 New Zealand 4th 4th 6th 6th 3rd 7th 4th 5th 3rd 4th Q
 Pakistan 5th 3rd 4th 4th 1st 6th 2nd 10th 10th 3rd Q
 Scotland 12th 15th Q
 South Africa 4th 5th 3rd 8th 4th 5th Q
 Sri Lanka 7th 5th 8th 7th 8th 1st 10th 4th 2nd 2nd Q
 United Arab Emirates 11th Q
 West Indies 1st 1st 2nd 5th 6th 4th 7th 7th 6th 8th Q
 Zimbabwe 7th 8th 9th 9th 5th 6th 13th 9th Q

No longer exists.

Prior to the 1992 World Cup, South Africa was banned due to apartheid.

Number of wins followed by Run-rate is the criteria for determining the ranks till 1987 World Cup.

Number of points followed by, head to head performance and then Net Run-rate is the criteria for determining the ranks for World Cup from 1992 onwards.


  • 1st- Winner
  • 2nd- Runner up
  • SF – Semi-final
  • S8 – Super Eight (2007 only)
  • S6 – Super Six (1999–2003)
  • QF – Quarter-finals (1996 & 2011)
  • R1 – First round
  • Q – Qualified

Debutant teams

Year Teams
1975  Australia, East Africa,  England,  India,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies
1979  Canada
1983  Zimbabwe
1987 none
1992  South Africa
1996  Kenya,  Netherlands,  United Arab Emirates
1999  Bangladesh,  Scotland
2003  Namibia
2007  Bermuda,  Ireland
2011 none
2015  Afghanistan

No longer exists.


The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of the 2011 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then total number of wins, then total number of games, then by alphabetical order.
Appearances Statistics
Team Total First Latest Best result Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 Australia 10 1975 2011 Champions (1987, 1999, 2003, 2007) 76 55 19 1 1 72.36
 India 10 1975 2011 Champions (1983, 2011) 67 39 26 1 1 58.20
 West Indies 10 1975 2011 Champions (1975, 1979) 64 38 25 0 1 59.37
 Pakistan 10 1975 2011 Champions (1992) 74 46 26 0 2 66.25
 Sri Lanka 10 1975 2011 Champions (1996) 66 31 31 1 2 46.96
 England 10 1975 2011 Runners-up (1979, 1987, 1992) 66 39 25 1 1 59.09
 New Zealand 10 1975 2011 Semifinals (1975, 1979, 1992, 1999, 2007, 2011) 70 40 29 0 1 57.14
 South Africa 6 1992 2011 Semifinals (1992, 1999, 2007) 47 31 14 2 0 65.95
 Kenya 5 1996 2011 Semifinals (2003) 29 6 22 0 1 20.68
 Zimbabwe 8 1983 2011 Super Six (1999, 2003) 51 10 37 1 3 19.60
 Bangladesh 4 1999 2011 Super 8 (2007) 26 8 17 0 1 30.76
 Ireland 2 2007 2011 Super 8 (2007) 15 4 10 1 0 26.66
 Canada 4 1979 2011 8th(1979) 18 2 16 0 0 11.11
 Netherlands 4 1996 2011 11th(2003) 20 2 18 0 0 10.00
 United Arab Emirates 1 1996 1996 11th(1996) 5 1 4 0 0 20.00
 Bermuda 1 2007 2007 16th(2007) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00
 Namibia 1 2003 2003 14th(2003) 6 0 6 0 0 0.00
 Scotland 2 1999 2007 12th(1999) 8 0 8 0 0 0.00
East Africa 1 1975 1975 8th(1975) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00

No longer exists.


Man of the tournament

Since 1992, one player has been declared as "Man of the Tournament" at the end of the World Cup finals:[64]
Year Player Performance details
1992 Martin Crowe 456 runs
1996 Sanath Jayasuriya 221 runs and 7 wickets
1999 Lance Klusener 281 runs and 17 wickets
2003 Sachin Tendulkar 673 runs and 2 wickets
2007 Glenn McGrath 26 wickets
2011 Yuvraj Singh 362 runs and 15 wickets

Man of the Match in the World Cup Final

There were no Man of the Tournament awards before 1992 but Man of the Match awards have always been given for individual matches. Winning the Man of the Match in the final is logically noteworthy, as this indicates the player deemed to have played the biggest part in the World Cup final. To date the award has always gone to a member of the winning side. The Man of the Match award in the final of the competition has been awarded to:[64]
Year Player Performance details
1975 Clive Lloyd 102 runs
1979 Viv Richards 138*
1983 Mohinder Amarnath 3/12 and 26
1987 David Boon 75 runs
1992 Wasim Akram 33 and 3/49
1996 Aravinda de Silva 107* and 3/42
1999 Shane Warne 4/33
2003 Ricky Ponting 140*
2007 Adam Gilchrist 149
2011 Mahendra Singh Dhoni 91*

Tournament records

Main individual and team records

Sachin Tendulkar, the leading run-scorer in World Cup history.
World Cup records[65]
Most runs Sachin Tendulkar 2,278 (19922011)
Highest average (min. 20 inns.) Viv Richards 63.31 (19751987)
Highest score Gary Kirsten v UAE 188* (1996)
Highest partnership Sourav Ganguly & Rahul Dravid
(2nd wicket) v Sri Lanka
318 (1999)
Most runs in a tournament Sachin Tendulkar 673 (2003)
Most wickets Glenn McGrath 71 (19962007)
Lowest average (min. 1000 balls bowled) Glenn McGrath 19.21 (19962007)
Best bowling figures Glenn McGrath v Namibia 7/15 (2003)
Most wickets in a tournament Glenn McGrath 26 (2007)
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Adam Gilchrist 39 (19992007)
Most catches (fielder) Ricky Ponting 28 (19962011)
Highest score  India v Bermuda 413/5 (2007)
Lowest score  Canada v Sri Lanka 36 (2003)
Highest win % Australia 74% (Played 76, Won 55)
Most consecutive wins Australia 25 (19992011)
Most consecutive tournament wins Australia 3 (19992007)

See also


  1. ^ ICC Cricket World Cup: About – International Cricket Council. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  2. ^ Martin Williamson. "The oldest international contest of them all". ESPN. 
  3. ^ "1st Test Scorecard". ESPNcricinfo. 15 March 1877. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  4. ^ "Olympic Games, 1900, Final". ESPNcricinfo. 19 August 1900. Retrieved 9 September 2006. 
  5. ^ "The original damp squib". ESPNcricinfo. 23 April 2005. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2006. 
  6. ^ "The low-key birth of one-day cricket". ESPNcricinfo. 9 April 2011. Archived from the original on 19 September 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "What is One-Day International cricket?". Retrieved 10 September 2006. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "The World Cup – A brief history". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 December 2006. 
  9. ^ a b "The History of World Cup's". Retrieved 19 September 2006. 
  10. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 5–9
  11. ^ a b Browning (1999), pp. 26–31
  12. ^ a b "ICC Trophy – A brief history". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 29 August 2006. 
  13. ^ a b Browning (1999), pp. 32–35
  14. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 61–62
  15. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 105–110
  16. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 111–116
  17. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 155–159
  18. ^ "Cricket World Cup 2003". A.Srinivas. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  19. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 160–161
  20. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 211–214
  21. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 215–217
  22. ^ "1996 Semi-final scoreboard". cricketfundas. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  23. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 264–274
  24. ^ Browning (1999), p. 274
  25. ^ "1999 Cricket World Cup". nrich.maths. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  26. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 229–231
  27. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 232–238
  28. ^ "Ruthless Aussies lift World Cup". London: BBC. 23 March 2003. Retrieved 29 January 2007. 
  29. ^ "Full tournament schedule". London: BBC. 23 March 2003. Retrieved 22 February 2007. 
  30. ^ "Australia triumph in a tournament to forget". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  31. ^ "Bob Woolmer's death stuns cricket world". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  32. ^ "Bob Woolmer investigation round-up". Cricinfo. Retrieved 6 May 2007. 
  33. ^ "Australia v Sri Lanka, World Cup final, Barbados". Cricinfo. 28 April 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2007. 
  34. ^ "No World Cup matches in Pakistan". BBC. 18 April 2009. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  35. ^ "India end a 28-year-long wait". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  36. ^ Yuvraj Singh named man of the tournament Times of India. Retrieved 13 July 2014
  37. ^ "World Cricket League". ICC. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  38. ^ "1st tournament".  
  39. ^ "92 tournament".  
  40. ^ "96 tournament".  
  41. ^ a b "Super 6".  
  42. ^ "World Cup groups". cricket world cup. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  43. ^ "About the Event" (PDF). p. 1. Retrieved 2 September 2006. 
  44. ^ "Trophy is first permanent prize in game's history". Retrieved 9 November 2007. 
  45. ^ "Cricket World Cup- Past Glimpses". Retrieved 31 October 2007. 
  46. ^ "About the Tournament".  
  47. ^ "World Cup Overview". Retrieved 29 January 2007. 
  48. ^ cbc staff (14 March 2007). "2007 Cricket World Cup". cbc. Archived from the original on 28 March 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2007. 
  49. ^ "The Wisden History of the Cricket World Cup". Retrieved 4 April 2007. 
  50. ^ "Papa John's CEO Introduces Cricket to Jerry Jones and Daniel Snyder". Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2007. 
  51. ^ Cricinfo staff (9 December 2006). "ICC rights for to ESPN-star".  
  52. ^ Cricinfo staff (18 January 2006). "ICC set to cash in on sponsorship rights".  
  53. ^ "Cricket World Cup 2003" (PDF). ICC. p. 12. Retrieved 29 January 2007. 
  54. ^ "World Cup profits boost debt-ridden Windies board". Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  55. ^ "ICC CWC 2007 Match Attendance Soars Past 400,000". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007. 
  56. ^ "2003 World Cup launched in Soweto".  
  57. ^ "ICC cricket mascot Mello tours Guyana to raise AIDS awareness".  
  58. ^ "'"2011 World Cup mascot named as 'Stumpy. The Times of India. India. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  59. ^ "Asia to host 2011 World Cup".  
  60. ^ "World Cup Cricket 1979". cricket.beepthi. Retrieved 29 January 2007. 
  61. ^ "The 1979 World Cup in England – West Indies retain their title".  
  62. ^ "The 1987 World Cup in India and Pakistan – Australia win tight tournament".  
  63. ^ "We've finally Dhon it". The Sun. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  64. ^ a b "Cricket World Cup Past Glimpses". Retrieved 31 October 2007. 
  65. ^ All records are based on statistics at's list of World Cup records
  • Browning, Mark (1999). A complete history of World Cup Cricket.  

External links

  • Official ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 website
  • Official ICC website
  • Winning Squads
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