Cyprus-Libya relations

Cyprus is a member of the United Nations[1] along with most of its agencies as well as the Commonwealth of Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Council of Europe. In addition, the country has signed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency Agreement (MIGA). Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 2004 and in the second half of the 2012 it held the presidency of the Council of the European Union.[2]

Non-alignment

Cyprus has historically followed a non-aligned foreign policy, although it increasingly identifies with the West in its cultural affinities and trade patterns, and maintains close relations with Greece.

The prime originator of Cypriot non-alignment was Makarios III, the first President (1960–1977) of the independent republic of Cyprus. Prior to independence, Makarios - by virtue of his post as Archbishop of Cyprus and head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church - was the Greek Cypriot Ethnarch, or de facto leader of the community. A highly influential figure well before independence, he participated in the 1955 Bandung Conference. After independence, Makarios took part in the 1961 founding meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement in Belgrade.


Reasons for this neutrality may lie in the extreme pressures exerted on the infant Republic by its larger neighbours, Turkey and Greece. Intercommunal rivalries and movements for union with Greece or partial union with Turkey may have persuaded Makarios to steer clear of close affiliation with either side. In any case Cyprus became a high-profile member of the Non-Aligned Movement and retained its membership until its entry into the European Union in 2004. At the non-governmental level, Cyprus has also been a member of the popular extension of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organisation hosting several high-level meetings.

Immediately after the 1974 Greek-sponsored coup d'état and the Turkish invasion, Makarios secured international recognition of his administration as the legitimate government of the whole island. This was disputed only by Turkey, which currently recognises only the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, established in 1983.

Since the 1974 crisis, the chief aim of the foreign policy of the Republic of Cyprus has been to secure the withdrawal of Turkish forces and the reunification of the island under the most favourable constitutional and territorial settlement possible. This campaign has been pursued primarily through international forums such as the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement, and in recent years through the European Union.

Cyprus is expanding relations with Russia, Israel, and Syria, from which it purchases most of its oil. In the past it had some difficulty with both Israel and Egypt.


Israel

Main article: Cyprus–Israel relations

Cyprus has frequently expressed concern over Israel's close defense relationship with Turkey. In the case of Israel, Cyprus has occasionally outwardly backed the Palestinians in the Arab-Israeli conflict, to the annoyance of some in the Israeli government. Cyprus, like over 100 other countries, officially recognizes Palestine as a de facto state. The island is also host to a number of Palestinian and Lebanese refugees.

Relations between the two countries continued to suffer when Cypriot first lady Antroulla Vasiliou, the wife of President George Vasiliou, was declared persona non grata in Israel when a delegation she was leading attempted to meet with Yasser Arafat, who was under house arrest.

Controversy and public outcry arose in the early 2000s, when members of the Cypriot branch of the Greek Orthodox Church were accused of selling church-owned land in the West Bank to Israeli developers, putting Cypriot commitment to the Palestinian cause at question. The expulsion of two alleged Israeli spies from the island in 1998 also caused tension between the two governments.

The two countries now appear to be on improving terms, there has been coopertation on numerous areas but mostly on agriculture, military and tourism. The Cypriot government has also been reported to be making deals with both Israel and Egypt in exploring for oil off the southern Cyprus coast.

Israeli foreign minister Avigdor Lieberman visited Cyprus at the invitation of his Cypriot counterpart when Netanyahu was in Washington for the direct talks with the Palestinian leader. Lieberman and Cyprus foreign minister Kyprianou have met several times this year in an effort to strengthen relations between their countries.

Turkey

Turkey flatly refuses to recognize the government of the Republic of Cyprus, stating that the Republic - as established by the Constitution of 1960 - ceased to exist when the intercommunal violence that commenced in December 1963 ended Turkish Cypriot participation in the Cypriot government. The attempted coup in July 1974 - engineered by Greek Military Junta - was responded to by Turkey by a full military invasion, which resulted in the northern third of the island being occupied by Turkish military forces. This portion of Cyprus unilaterally declared independence in November 1983 as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), which Turkey recognizes. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus" and through various official media (such as national education program) has even claimed that the non occupied regions of Cyprus are part of Turkish territory.[3]

Cyprus takes the view that the TRNC government is a puppet administration, and thus prefers to negotiate with Turkey over the resolution of the Cyprus Problem. Turkey insists that the TRNC government is the institution that the RoC government must refer to in negotiations.

Cyprus' accession to the European Union has had a negative impact on Turkey in regards to its own accession negotiations. The refusal of Turkey to allow Cypriot-flagged ships to access Turkish ports has resulted in a partial suspension of its accession negotiations. However Cyprus is in favor of Turkey's Accession to the EU with the hope it will facilitate a viable and just solution of the Cyprus Problem.[4]

Europe


Cyprus' 1990 application for full EU membership caused a storm in the Turkish Cypriot community, which argued that the move required their consent. Following the December 1997 EU Summit decisions on EU enlargement, accession negotiations began March 31, 1998. Cyprus joined the European Union on May 1, 2004. To fulfil its commitment as a member of the European Union, Cyprus withdrew from the Non-Aligned Movement on accession, retaining observer status.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Armenia 1991 See Armenia–Cyprus relations
  • Armenia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • Cyprus is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • There are over 3,500 people of Armenian descent living in Cyprus.
  • Cyprus was the second country to recognise the Armenian Genocide on 24 April 1975.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Armenia
 Austria See Foreign relations of Austria
 Bosnia and Herzegovina See Foreign relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria 1960 See Bulgaria–Cyprus relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Nicosia, and honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Sofia.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Bulgaria
 Croatia See Foreign relations of Croatia
 Czech Republic 1960s
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Prague.[5]
  • The Czech Republic has an embassy in Nicosia and 2 honorary consulates (in Limassol and Nicosia).[6]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with the Czech Republic
 Denmark See Cyprus–Denmark relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Copenhagen and an honorary consulate in Århus.[7]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nicosia.[8]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Denmark
 Estonia January 22, 1992
  • Cyprus recognized the Republic of Estonia on September 12, 1991.
  • Cyprus is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki (Finland).
  • Estonia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and through 2 honorary consulates in Nicosia.

Both countries are full members of the European Union.

  • By the late 2005, in Nicosia the first session of the Estonia-Cyprus Intergovernmental Commission established under the Agreement on Economic, Scientific, Technical and Industrial Co-operation took place.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Estonia
  • Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
 Finland September 2, 1961
  • Finland recognized Cyprus on August 16, 1960.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Helsinki and an honorary consulate in Vantaa.[9]
  • Finland has an embassy and 2 honorary consulates in Nicosia.[10]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Finland
 France
  • The two countries share membership of the European Union.
  • Cyprus is an associate member of the Francophonie organization since 2006. About 12% of Cyprus population speaks and understands French.
  • France is a supporter of Cyprus in the different (sicsic) that oppose the European Union against Turkey's refusal to recognize and admit Cypriot ships and planes.
  • France contributes significantly in the military equipment of Cyprus National Guard.
  • List of Treaties between the 2 countries by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  • French embassy in Cyprus
 Georgia July 9, 1993 See Cyprus-Georgia relations
  • Cyprus is represented in Georgia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • Georgia has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Georgia
  • Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relations with Cyprus
 Germany 1960 See Germany-Cyprus relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Berlin and a consulate-general in Hamburg.[11]
  • Germany has an embassy in Nicosia.[12]
  • Both countries are members of the European Union.
  • In 2004, an agreement on mutual recognition of university degrees was signed, designed to facilitate Cypriot and German students' admission to German and Cypriot universities.
  • There is a close and trustful cooperation at a government level. Minister of State Hoyer visited Cyprus on 11 and 12 February 2010. Federal Foreign Minister Westerwelle met with his Cypriot counterpart Marcos Kyprianou in Berlin on 2 March
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties between Cyprus and Germany
  • German Foreign Ministry about relations with Cyprus
 Greece
  • See Cyprus-Greece relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Athens and a consulate-general in Thessaloniki.
  • Greece has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the European Union.
  • The Greek Cypriot majority in Cyprus and the ethnic Greek population of Greece share a common ethnicity, heritage, language, and religion, leading to an exceptionally close relationship between the two countries.
 Hungary 1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Budapest.
  • Hungary has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[13]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Hungary
Republic of Ireland Ireland See Cyprus-Ireland relations
 Italy 1960
 Lithuania
  • Cyprus is represented in Lithuania through its embassy in Warsaw (Poland).
  • Lithuania is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and through an honorary consulates in Nicosia and Larnaca.[16]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Lithuania
  • Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Cyprus (in Lithuanian only)
 Malta See Cyprus – Malta relations
  • Cyprus is represented to Malta through its accredited embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • Malta is represented to Cyprus through its accredited embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • The two countries are members of the European Union and Commonwealth of Nations.
  • List of Treaties between the 2 countries by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
 Moldova February 12, 1992
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Moldova
  • Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration about relations with Cyprus
 Monaco February 24, 2011
  • 2011...February 24, date which is officially regarded as the date of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries
  • Ambassador designate
 Montenegro March 13, 2007
  • Cyprus recognized the Republic of Montenegro on June 16, 2006.
  • Cyprus is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Belgrade (Serbia).
  • Establishment of diplomatic relations (Cyprus Ministry Foreign Affairs)
  • Cyprus recognition official recognition of Montenegro (in Montenegrin)
  • Cyprus recognition official recognition of Montenegro
 Netherlands 1960
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960, after Cyprus independence.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in The Hague.[17]
  • The Netherlands have an embassy in Nicosia and 2 honorary consulates in Limassol.[18]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with the Netherlands
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus (in Dutch)
 Norway See Cyprus–Norway relations

Cyprus–Norway relations are foreign relations between Cyprus and Norway.[19] Diplomatic relations were established on March 22, 1963.[20] The government in Cyprus considers that "bilateral relations between Cyprus and Norway are excellent in all fields".[21]

Neither country has resident ambassadors. Cyprus is represented in Norway through its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden, and 2 honorary consulates, one in Oslo and the second in Kristiansand. Norway is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens, Greece, and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[22] Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe. Diplomatic relations were established on 22 March 1963.[21]

On August 21, 1951, there was a Consular Convention and an Exchange of Letters relating to establishing diplomatic relations. On May 2, 1951, there was a Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income. On May 17, 1962, there was an Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement on the Abolition of Visa Requirement in Nicosia. On March 5, 1963, there was an Agreement on Commercial Scheduled Air Transport signed in London.[23]

The taxation levels in Cyprus are considerably lower than in Norway, and Cyprus has actively courted Norwegians to move to Cyprus.[24] Among the Norwegians who moved to Cyprus is the shipping billionaire John Fredriksen, who was the richest man in Norway.[25][26][27]

In 1996 tax rules in Norway were changed to keep shipping companies competitive and under the Norwegian flag. By 2008 changes to the tonnage tax regime to harmonize them with the European Union forced some companies to register in Cyprus.[28] Norwegian Service rig company Prosafe moved their headquarters to Cyprus.[29]

Several Norwegian retirees also moved to Cyprus; this too is largely to benefit from the lower tax rate on Cyprus and the minimal crime.[30][31]

  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Norway
  • Cyprus embassy in Stockholm (also accredited to Norway)
  • Norway embassy in Athens (also accredited to Cyprus)
 Poland 1960s See Cyprus–Poland relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Warsaw and 2 honorary consulates (in Gdynia and Szczecin).
  • Poland has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate general in Limassol.[32]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Poland
 Portugal
 Romania August 16, 1960
  • Romania has an embassy in Nicosia since November 1960.[34]
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Bucharest.
  • Cyprus joined the European Union as a full member on May 1, 2004, while Romania joined on January 1, 2007.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties between Cyprus and Romania
  • Romanian Foreign Ministry about relations with Cyprus
 Russia See Cyprus–Russia relations
  • The USSR established diplomatic relations with the newly independent Republic of Cyprus on August 18, 1960.
  • Cooperation between both countries has increased since the 1990s and the fall of the USSR.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia has an embassy in Nicosia.
 Serbia See Cyprus–Serbia relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia
  • The two countries share common cultural and religious ascpects as both have major orthodox-Christian populations.[35]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Serbia
 Slovakia
  • Cyprus is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria).
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[36]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treatis with Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta June 8, 2012
  • Cyprus and the Order of Malta establish diplomatic relations
 Spain December 25, 1967
 Sweden See Cyprus–Sweden relations
  • Sweden was one of the first countries that sent UN peacekeepers to Cyprus in 1964.[39]
  • Since 1994, Cyprus has an embassy in Stockholm.[40]
  • Sweden has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[41]
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Sweden
 Ukraine
  • The Cypriot embassy in Berlin (Germany) is also accredited as a non-resident embassy to Ukraine. Cyprus also has 2 honorary consulates in Kiev and in Mariupol.[42]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[43]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Ukraine
 United Kingdom See Cyprus–United Kingdom relations
  • The two countries share membership of the European Union and Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1961, after 83 years of British control.

The continuing British sovereignty of the Dhekelia and Akrotiri areas, has continued to divide Cypriots. The base areas are not under the jurisdiction of the Cypriot government. Several Cypriot villages remain enclaved in the areas, and there have been numerous arrests of anti-British demonstrators over the past few years. These activists assert that the UK should not continue to hold territory in another EU state.

North Africa

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Algeria See Algeria–Cyprus relations
 Egypt See Cyprus–Egypt relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Cairo.
  • Egypt has an embassy in Nicosia.

Egypt is a close ally, sharing as it does an oilfield with Cyprus.Egypt Conquered Cyprus many times in both ancient, Medieval and Modern era and it was ruled by Egyptians during many period which added bases of Egyptian culture to the local culture and supported increasing the relationship between both countries for many ages, The relationship between the two countries was also strained in February 1978 when Cypriot National Guardsmen shot dead Egyptian Commandos at Larnaca International Airport when the commandos attempted to intervene in a hostage situation.

 Libya
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Tripoli.
  • Libya has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Libya
 Morocco
 Tunisia 1999
  • Cyprus is represented in Tunisia through its embassy in Paris (France).
  • Tunisia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and an honorary consulate in Larnaca.
  • Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Tunisian Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Cyprus (in French only)

West Asia

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Iran 1960s
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Tehran.[47]
  • Iran has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Iran
 Israel 1960 See Cyprus–Israel relations
 Jordan 1960 See Jordan-Cyprus relations
  • Cyprus is represented in Jordan through its embassy in Damascus (Syria) and Cyprus has an honorary consulate in Amman.
  • Jordan is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and Jordan has an honorary consulate in Nicosia. * Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Jordan
 Kazakhstan 1960 See Kazakhstan-Cyprus relations
  • Cyprus an honorary consulate in Astana and is represented through its embassy in Moscow.[49]
  • Kazakhstan has an honorary consultate in Nicosia and Limassol.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Kazakhstan
 Lebanon 1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Beirut.[50]
  • Lebanon has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Lebanon
 Oman 1978
  • Oman is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Cairo (Egypt) and through an honorary consulate in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus is represented in Oman through its embassy in Cairo (Egypt) and through an honorary consulate in Muscat.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Oman
  • Oman Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
 Qatar 1960 See Cyprus–Qatar relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Qatar
 Saudi Arabia 1960 See Cyprus–Saudi Arabia relations
  • Cyprus is represented through its honorary consulate in Jeddah.
  • Saudi Arabia is represented through its embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • [1]
 Syria
 United Arab Emirates
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Abu Dhabi
  • United Arab Emirates has an embassy in Nicosia
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Syria

Far East

Country Formal relations began Notes
 India See India-Cyprus relations
  • Cyprus has a High Commission in New Delhi and 2 honorary consulates (in Mumbai and Kolkata).
  • India has a High Commission in Nicosia.[51]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Cypriots are recognised as part of Greece by the Indians.
  • Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with India
 Japan 1962-06
  • Cypriot president Makarios made a state visit to Japan in 1970. Subsequently Cypriot president Spyros Kyprianou visited in 1984 and president George Vasiliou visited in 1989 and 1990.
  • The balance of trade between Cyprus and Japan is heavily weighed in favor of Japan, with Japan exporting automobiles and electrical products and importing clothing and food products.
  • Cyprus is represented in Japan through its non-resident ambassador based in Beijing, China, with an honorary consulate in Tokyo.
  • Japan is represented in Cyprus through its non-resident ambassador based in Athens, Greece, with as an honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Japan
  • Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs on relations with Cyprus
 People's Republic of China See Cyprus–China relations
 South Korea December 28, 1995
  • Cyprus is represented in South Korea through a non-resident ambassador based in Canberra (Australia).
  • South Korea is represented in Cyprus through a non-resident ambassador based in Athens (Greece) and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.
  • Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
 Vietnam

Cyprus is represented in Vietnam through its embassy in New Delhi, India. Vietnam is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Tripoli, Libya.

Rest of World

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Argentina
  • Argentina is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Tel Aviv (Israel), and Argentina has an honorary consulate in Cyprus.
  • Cyprus is represented in Argentina through its embassy in Madrid (Spain), Cyprus has honorary consulate in Buenos Aires.
  • List of Treaties ruling relations Argentina and Cyprus (Argentine Foreign Ministry, in Spanish)
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Argentina
 Australia See Cyprus-Australia relations
 Canada See Canada–Cyprus relations

Canadian bilateral political relations with Cyprus stemmed initially from Cypriot Commonwealth membership at independence in 1960 (that had followed a guerrilla struggle with Britain). These relations quickly expanded in 1964 when Canada became a major troop contributor to UNFICYP. The participation lasted for the next 29 years, during which 50,000 Canadian soldiers served and 28 were killed. In large measure Canadian relations with Cyprus continue to revolve around support for the ongoing efforts of the United Nations, G8 and others to resolve the Island's divided status. Contacts with Cyprus on other issues also take place in international organizations such as the UN, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Commonwealth of Nations.

 Colombia January 25, 1966
  • Colombia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • Cyprus is represented in Colombia through its embassy in Mexico City (Mexico).

In 2010, both Ministers of Foreign Affairs signed a cooperation agreement regarding tourism and the war on drugs.[52]

 Guinea-Bissau May 21, 2008
  • Cyprus and Guinea-Bissau establish diplomatic relations
 Mexico 1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Mexico City and 3 honorary consulates (in Guadalajara, Monterrey and Cancún).
  • Mexico is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and through an honorary consulate in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Mexico
 New Zealand
  • Since 1964, New Zealand has contributed several times to the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).
  • Cyprus is represented in New Zealand through its high commission in Canberra (Australia) and through an honorary consulate in Christchurch.
  • New Zealand is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary consulate in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Cyprus
 Tonga June 22, 2009
  • Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with the Republic of Cyprus
 United States See Cyprus–United States relations

The United States regards the status quo on Cyprus as unacceptable.

Overview

The Republic of Cyprus maintains diplomatic relations with 178 states (including the Holy See and Palestinian National Authority ) and is United Nations, Union for the Mediterranean and European Union full member. It does not maintain diplomatic relations with:[53][54]

The Republic of Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey.

International disputes

The 1974 invasion of the Turkish army divided the island nation into two. The internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus currently has effective control in the south of the island (59% of the island's land area) while its area not under its effective control makes up 37% of the island. Turkey utilising the territory occupied during the invasion recognizes a declared separatist[55] UDI of Turkish Cypriots in 1983, contrary to multiple United Nations Security Council Resolutions. The two territories of the Republic are separated by a United Nations Buffer Zone (4% of the island); there are two UK sovereign base areas mostly within the Greek Cypriot portion of the island.

Illicit drugs

Cyprus is a minor transit point for heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Lebanon; some cocaine transits as well. The island has also been criticised for supposedly lax arms control legislation.

Cyprus and the Commonwealth of Nations

Although Cyprus became an independent republic in 1960, Cyprus has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1961.

See also

References

  1. Serbian embassy in Nicosia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.