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Decatur, Georgia

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Decatur, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia
City
Old DeKalb County Courthouse in Decatur
Old DeKalb County Courthouse in Decatur

Logo

Location in Georgia
Decatur is located in Atlanta
Decatur
location in central Metro Atlanta
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Area
 • Total 4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 • Land 4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,043 ft (318 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 19,853
 • Density 4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30030-30037
Area code(s) 404/678/470
FIPS code 13-22052
GNIS feature ID 0331532[1]
Website http://www.decaturga.com/

Decatur is a city in, and

  • Official website

External links

  • Clarke, Caroline McKinney. The story of Decatur, 1823–1899. Dekalb Historical Society (1996).
  • Gay, Mary. Life in Dixie During the War, Mercer University Press (2001).
  • Kaufman, David R. Peachtree Creek: A Natural and Unnatural History of Atlanta's Watershed, University of Georgia Press (2007).
  • Mason, Herman, Jr. African-American Life in DeKalb County, GA, 1823–1970 (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing (1998).
  • Owens, Sue Ellen. DeKalb County In Vintage Postcards. DeKalb Historical Society/Arcadia Publishing (2001).
  • Price, Vivian. Historic DeKalb County: An Illustrated History (Georgia Heritage Series). Historical Publishing Network (2007).
  • Willard, Levi. Early History of Decatur.

References

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  2. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Decatur city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ City of Decatur Website
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^ "American Facts-Community Facts". American FacFinder. U.S. Census. 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Gayest zip codes in Georgia: By percentage". gaydemographics.org (based on  
  9. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  10. ^ "Schools and Centers." DeKalb County School District. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "2652 Lawrenceville Highway Decatur, GA 30033"
  11. ^ "Schools." City Schools of Decatur. 2011.
  12. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  13. ^ Agnes Scott College, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  14. ^ Columbia Theological Seminary, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  15. ^ Emory University, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  16. ^ Georgia Perimeter College, Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  17. ^ "Library Locations & Hours." DeKalb County Public Library. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  18. ^ "Contact." Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice. Retrieved on August 8, 2010.
  19. ^ "Official Zoning Map." City of Avondale Estates. Retrieved on August 8, 2010.
  20. ^ "Directions."
  21. ^ "Post Office Location - DECATUR." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 8, 2010.
  22. ^ "Online Directory: Georgia, USA". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 

Notes

Decatur has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):[22]

Sister cities

The Decatur Square gazebo from the old courthouse steps
  • South Candler Street--Agnes Scott College Historic District, 141 East College Avenue. This district is on the National Register of Historic Places. It includes both the college campus and surrounding historic homes, and is book-ended by the Winnona Park Historic District to the east and the MAK Historic District to the west.
  • Clairemont Historic District, north of Decatur Square.
  • Columbia Theological Seminary, 701 Columbia Drive. This tree-lined, brick and limestone campus lies within Decatur's Winnona Park neighborhood.
  • Cora Beck Hampton Schoolhouse and House, 213 Hillyer Place. These structures are on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Decatur Cemetery, 229 Bell Street. This historic cemetery was founded in the early 19th century and is located northeast of Decatur Square.
  • Decatur Railway Depot, 301 East Howard Street. Decatur's renovated depot is now a restaurant known as Kimball House.
  • Old DeKalb County Courthouse, 101 East Court Square. The historic courthouse sits in Decatur Square, and contains a small history museum.
  • Fraser House, Church Street and Bell Street. This modest 19th century structure stands at the entrance to Decatur Cemetery.
  • Glenwood Elementary, the oldest school in the city
  • High House, North Candler Street and Sycamore Street. This antebellum structure is believed to be the oldest two-story structure in Decatur.
  • Historic House Complex, 716 and 720 West Trinity Place. Three antebellum homes relocated to Adair Park.
  • Historic Oakhurst, in southwest Decatur. An early 20th century town annexed by Decatur, Oakhurst still has its own business district surrounded by bungalows.
  • MAK Historic District, McDonough, Adams and Kings Highway. Decatur's first local historic district is full of early 20th century American Craftsman-style homes and has been used by Hollywood for films.
  • Methodist Chapel, Commerce Avenue and Sycamore Street. A beautiful granite chapel on historic Sycamore Street that is owned by Decatur First United Methodist Church.
  • Old Scottish Rite Hospital, 321 West Hill Street (Oakhurst neighborhood). The historic Shriners' hospital has had an adaptive reuse and now houses restaurants and an art gallery.
  • Pythagoras Masonic Lodge, 108 East Ponce de Leon Avenue. A 1924 building designed by architect William Sayward.
  • Ponce de Leon Court Historic District. A single street of bungalows and palm trees east of Decatur Square (off Ponce de Leon Avenue).
  • Historic Sycamore Street. Some of Decatur's largest historic residences line this street.
  • Old U.S. Post Office, 141 Trinity Place. This marble-encased former federal building is on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Winnona Park Historic District, in southeast Decatur. This district is on the National Register of Historic Places for its residences and is also the home of Columbia Theological Seminary.
  • Woodlands Garden, 932 Scott Boulevard. Seven acres, mostly wooded with a focus on native plants, and open to the public.

Decatur's downtown area and residential neighborhoods are filled with historic structures and sites of interest. This list primarily consists of structures on the National Register of Historic Places, but many remain privately owned and may only be viewed from the exterior.

Points of interest

Neighborhoods and historic districts

The United States Postal Service operates the Decatur Post Office.[21]

Federal representation

[20] The

State representation

The Commission appoints a professional City Manager to carry out the policies, directives and day-to-day business of the city. There are also several citizen volunteer boards and commissions appointed by the City Commission, including the Planning Commission, the Zoning Board of Appeals, and the Historic Preservation Commission.

Decatur has a Commission - Manager form of government. A five-member City Commission is elected for four-year terms on two-year cycles. Two members are elected from the south side of the city, two from the north side and one is elected at-large. At their organizational meeting each January, the Commissioners elect a mayor and mayor-pro-tem from among their own membership for a one-year term. The mayor is not a separate elected office. The current mayor is Jim Baskett. Previous mayors have included Leslie Jasper Steele (1915), Jack Hamilton, Walter Drake, Mike Mears, Ann A. Crichton, Elizabeth Wilson, William Floyd and Scott Candler, Sr. (known as Mr. DeKalb).

Government

DeKalb County Public Library operates the Decatur Branch.[17]

Public libraries

Colleges and universities

The Decatur City district has 224 full-time teachers and over 2,519 students.[12]

  • Decatur High School
  • Carl G. Renfroe Middle School
  • The 4/5 Academy at Fifth Avenue
  • Glenwood Elementary
  • Clairemont Elementary
  • Oakhurst Elementary
  • Westchester Elementary
  • Winnona Park Elementary[11]

List of schools

The DeKalb County School District, which serves unincorporated areas in DeKalb County around Decatur, operates the William Bradley Bryant Center (WBBC) in an unincorporated area near Decatur.[10]

The Decatur City School District, which serves the city limits, holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of five elementary schools, a fourth and fifth grade academy, a middle school, and a high school.[9]

Decatur High School

Primary and secondary schools

Education

Education levels for Decatur are above average for the Atlanta area, with 56% of residents having obtained a bachelor's degree or higher, and 27% having obtained a graduate degree or higher.

The median income for a household in the city was $73,602. Males had a median income of $73,089 versus $58,580 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,926. About 12.20% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 19, 5.2% from 20 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. There are roughly 44 males for every 56 females. The ZIP code 30030 (which includes Decatur) has one of the highest percentages of households with same sex couples in Georgia, 9.20% as of 2000.[8]

There were 2,541 (29.5%) households which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 3,336 (38.8%) were a Husband-Wife family living together, 984 (11.4%) of households had a female householder with no husband present, and 4,063 (47.2) did not fit into either of the two previously mentioned categories. 3,263 (37.9%) of all households were made up of individuals of those, 1,814 (21.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.96.

As of the 2010 census,[7] there were 19,335 people, 8,599 occupied housing units, and 4,215 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,603.6 people per square mile (2,860.2/km²). There were 9,335 housing units at an average density of 2,222.6 per square mile (1,380.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.5% White, 20.2% African American, 0.0% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

Demographics

The Georgia Railroad) trackage right of way.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all of it land.

Decatur is located at (33.771355, -84.297732).[4]

Downtown Decatur, GA

Geography

In the last half of the twentieth century the metropolitan area of Atlanta expanded into unincorporated DeKalb County, eventually surrounding two sides of the incorporated town of Decatur. Concurrently many well-to-do and middle class white Americans fled the area to more distant suburbs. The 1960s and 1970s witnessed dramatic drops in property values. However, more recently the city has regained economic vigor, partially thanks to several long-term downtown development plans that have come to fruition, making Decatur a trendy small mixed-use district with easy transit to downtown Atlanta. Over the past twenty years, Decatur has gained a local and national reputation as a progressive city with a high level of citizen involvement that retains a small town feel despite its proximity to Atlanta.

During the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, Confederate cavalry under Major General Joseph Wheeler attacked McPherson's supply wagons and the Union troops left to defend the wagons. A marker at the Decatur courthouse marks the site of this skirmish.

In the 1830s, the Western and Atlantic Railroad wanted to make Decatur the southernmost stop on its line. The citizens of Decatur did not want the noise, pollution and growth that would come with such a major terminal, so they rejected the proposal. In response, the railroad founded a new city to the west-southwest of Decatur for the terminal. This town later became the city of Atlanta.

In 1822 Decatur was founded at the intersection of two Native American trails: the Sandtown which led east from the Roswell. The town was named for naval hero Stephen Decatur, and its early roads were named logically but soon after were renamed in a curious manner:

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Primary and secondary schools 4.1
      • List of schools 4.1.1
    • Colleges and universities 4.2
    • Public libraries 4.3
  • Government 5
    • State representation 5.1
    • Federal representation 5.2
  • Neighborhoods and historic districts 6
  • Points of interest 7
  • Sister cities 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Decatur's official motto is "A city of homes, schools and places of worship."[3] Prior to 2000, this motto was "A city of homes, schools, and churches." Residents frequently refer to the unofficial motto of the town, "Everything is greater in Decatur."

rail stations. MARTA, and its public transportation is served by three Atlanta Metropolitan Area and part of the Atlanta the city is sometimes assumed to be larger since multiple zip codes in unincorporated DeKalb County bear the Decatur name. It is an intown suburb of [2]

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