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Demographics of Lebanon

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Title: Demographics of Lebanon  
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Demographics of Lebanon

nfant_mortality = 7.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.) |fertility = 1.74 children born/woman (SRS 2014) |age_0-14_years = 25.2% (male 758,153/female 723,619) (2014 est.)Lebanese and non-Lebanese |age_15-64_years = 61.3% (male 1,825,135/female 1,776,953) (2014 est.) |age_65_years = 9.4% (male 175,911/female 218,046) (2014 est.) |sr_total_mf_ratio = 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.) |sr_at_birth = 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.) |sr_0-6_years = 1.05 male(s)/female (2011 census) |sr_under_15 = 1.05 male(s)/female (2014 est.) |sr_15-64_years = 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.) |sr_65_years_over = 0.86 male(s)/female (2014 est.) |major_ethnic = Arabs, Armenians, Kurds |official = Arabic }} This article is about the demographic features of the population of Lebanon, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Identifying all Lebanese as ethnically Phoenician is a widely employed example of panethnicity since in reality, the Lebanese "are descended from many different peoples who have occupied, invaded, or settled this corner of the world," making Lebanon, "a mosaic of closely interrelated cultures".[1] While at first glance, this ethnic, linguistic, religious and denominational diversity might seem to cause civil and political unrest, "for much of Lebanon's history this multitudinous diversity of religious communities has coexisted with little conflict".[1] About 99% of the population of Lebanon includes numerous Muslim sects and Christian denominations. Because the matter of religious balance is a sensitive political issue, a national census has not been conducted since 1932, before the founding of the modern Lebanese state. Consequently there is an absence of accurate data on the relative percentages of the population of the major religions and groups.[2] There are from 8.6[3] to 14[4] million Lebanese and descendants of Lebanese worldwide and not in Lebanon; about 80% of them are Christians{{c
Demographics of Lebanon
Population 5,882,562 (July 2014 est.) – over 1 million Syrian and 650,000 Palestinian Refugee[5] (110)
Growth rate 0.98% (2014 est.) (166)
Birth rate 14.8 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate 4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Life expectancy 77.22 years (2014 est.)
 • male 76.03 years (2014 est.)
 • female 78.46 years (2014 est.)

Ethnic groups

Lebanese

Demographics of Lebanon
Indicator Rank Measure
Economy
GDP (PPP) per capita 51st $16,000
Unemployment rate ↓ 21st 20.89%*
CO2 emissions 78th 3.05t
Electricity consumption 77th 49.72GWh
Economic Freedom 95th 2.98
Politics
Human Development Index 72nd 0.745
Political freedom Unknown 4
Corruption (A higher score means less (perceived) corruption.) ↓ 134th 2.5
Press freedom 45th 74.00
Society
Literacy Rate 43rd 96.7%
Number of Internet users 59th 2,604,000 users
E-readiness 14th 7.16±
Ease of Doing Business 24th Unknown
Health
Life Expectancy 59th 77.0
[[List of countries by
Demographics of Lebanon
Population 5,882,562 (July 2014 est.) – over 1 million Syrian and 650,000 Palestinian Refugee[6] (110)
Growth rate 0.98% (2014 est.) (166)
Birth rate 14.8 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate 4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Life expectancy 77.22 years (2014 est.)
 • male 76.03 years (2014 est.)
 • female 78.46 years (2014 est.)
Fertility rate 1.74 children born/woman (SRS 2014)
Infant mortality rate 7.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years 25.2% (male 758,153/female 723,619) (2014 est.)Lebanese and non-Lebanese
15–64 years 61.3% (male 1,825,135/female 1,776,953) (2014 est.)
65 and over 9.4% (male 175,911/female 218,046) (2014 est.)
Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Under 15 1.05 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
15–64 years 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
65 and over 0.86 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Nationality
Major ethnic Arabs, Armenians, Kurds
Language
Official Arabic

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Lebanon, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Identifying all Lebanese as ethnically Phoenician is a widely employed example of panethnicity since in reality, the Lebanese "are descended from many different peoples who have occupied, invaded, or settled this corner of the world," making Lebanon, "a mosaic of closely interrelated cultures".[1] While at first glance, this ethnic, linguistic, religious and denominational diversity might seem to cause civil and political unrest, "for much of Lebanon's history this multitudinous diversity of religious communities has coexisted with little conflict".[1] About 99% of the population of Lebanon includes numerous Muslim sects and Christian denominations. Because the matter of religious balance is a sensitive political issue, a national census has not been conducted since 1932, before the founding of the modern Lebanese state. Consequently there is an absence of accurate data on the relative percentages of the population of the major religions and groups.[2] There are from 8.6[7] to 14[4] million Lebanese and descendants of Lebanese worldwide and not in Lebanon; about 80% of them are Christians

Ethnic groups

Lebanese

Demographics of Lebanon
Indicator Rank Measure
Economy
GDP (PPP) per capita 51st $16,000
Unemployment rate ↓ 21st 20.89%*
CO2 emissions 78th 3.05t
Electricity consumption 77th 49.72GWh
Economic Freedom 95th 2.98
Politics
Human Development Index 72nd 0.745
Political freedom Unknown 4
Corruption (A higher score means less (perceived) corruption.) ↓ 134th 2.5
Press freedom 45th 74.00
Society
Literacy Rate 43rd 96.7%
Number of Internet users 59th 2,604,000 users
E-readiness 14th 7.16±
Ease of Doing Business 24th Unknown
Health
Life Expectancy 59th 77.0
Birth rate 113th 15.6
Fertility rate 157th 1.77††
Infant mortality 127th 14.39‡‡
Death rate 157th 7.5
HIV/AIDS rate 127th 0.10%
Notes
* including several non-sovereign entities
↓ indicates rank is in reverse order (e.g. 1st is lowest)
per capita
± score out of 10
per 1000 people
†† per woman
‡‡ per 1000 live births

Ethnic background is an important factor in Lebanon. The country encompasses a great mix of cultural, religious, and ethnic groups which have been building up for more than 6,000 years. The Arabs invaded and occupied Phoenicia in the 7th century AD from Arabia. The predominant cultural backgrounds and ancestry of the Lebanese vary from Aramaean (Ancient Syria) to Canaanite (Phoenician), and Greek (Byzantine). Lebanese are overall genetically similar to the people of Cyprus and Malta and to the other modern Levantine populations, such as the Syrians and Palestinians.[8] The question of ethnic identity has come to revolve more around aspects of cultural self-identification more than descent. Religious affiliation has also become a substitute in some respects for ethnic affiliation. Subtribus: Pristipterina

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