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Dental alveolus

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Title: Dental alveolus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Alveolar ridge, Gomphosis, Edentulism, Inferior alveolar artery, Socket preservation
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Dental alveolus

Dental alveolus
Alveola of the second premolar tooth in a bovine maxillary bone.
Latin alveolus dentalis
Anterior superior alveolar arteries, Posterior superior alveolar artery, Inferior alveolar artery
Anterior superior alveolar nerve, Posterior superior alveolar nerve, Inferior alveolar nerve
MeSH A02.835.232.781.324.502.125.800
Anatomical terminology

Dental alveoli (singular alveolus) are sockets in the jaws in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process of maxilla with the periodontal ligament. The lay term for dental alveoli is tooth sockets. A joint that connects the roots of the teeth and the alveolus is called gomphosis (plural gomphoses).Alveolar bone is the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth forming bone sockets a.k.a. alveolus.

In mammals, tooth sockets are found in the maxilla, the premaxilla and the mandible.


  • Socket preservation 1
  • Pathology 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Socket preservation

Socket preservation or alveolar ridge preservation (ARP)[1] is a procedure to reduce bone loss after tooth extraction to preserve the dental alveolus (tooth socket) in the alveolar bone. A platelet rich fibrin (PRF)[2] membrane containing bone growth enhancing elements can be stitched over the wound or a graft material or scaffold is placed in the socket of an extracted tooth at the time of[3][4] The socket is then directly closed with stitches or covered with a non-resorbable or resorbable membrane and sutured.[5]


The swelling of the dental alveoli can result in alveolitis, causing pain and discomfort to the mouth.

See also


  1. ^ Peck, Mogammad Thabit; Marnewick, Johan; Stephen, Lawrence (2011). "Alveolar Ridge Preservation Using Leukocyte and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: A Report of a Case". Case Reports in Dentistry 2011: 1–5.  
  2. ^ Khiste, Sujeet Vinayak; Naik Tari, Ritam (2013). "Platelet-Rich Fibrin as a Biofuel for Tissue Regeneration". ISRN Biomaterials 2013: 1–6.  
  3. ^ Tassos Irinakis, Rationale for Socket Preservation after Extraction of a Single-Rooted Tooth when Planning for Future Implant Placement, Journal of Canadian Dental Association 2006; 72(10):917–922
  4. ^ Fickl, Stefan; Zuhr, Otto; Wachtel, Hannes; Stappert, Christian F. J.; Stein, Jamal M.; Hürzeler, Markus B. (2008). "Dimensional changes of the alveolar ridge contour after different socket preservation techniques". Journal of Clinical Periodontology 35 (10): 906–913.  
  5. ^ Extraction socket preservation: The time is now
  • National Institute of Health, CRISP Database
  • Merck Manual dictionary

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