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Devil's Jumps, Churt

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Devil's Jumps, Churt

The Devil's Jumps are a series of three small hills near the village of Churt in the county of Surrey in southern England.[1] In the 18th century the hills were known as the Devil's Three Jumps.[2] The Devil's Jumps are linked to a body of folklore relating to the surrounding area.[3] The highest of the three Jumps is Stony Jump.[4] Middle Devil's Jump measures 60 feet (18 m) high and once supported an observatory built by 19th century British astronomer Richard Christopher Carrington.[5]

The hills are outcrops of coarse sandstone of the Folkestone Beds of Lower Greensand set among acidic heathland.[6] The three hills are formed of an ironstone known locally as carstone, a sandstone strongly cemented with iron making it resistant to erosion by the elements.[7]


The first mention of the Devil's Jumps appears to be on a map by John Rocque dating to 1765.[8] William Cobbett mentioned the Devil's Jumps in his Rural Rides, first published in 1830.[9] Of the hills he says:

At Churt I had, upon my left, three hills out upon the common, called the Devil's Jumps...in the shape of three rather squat sugar-loaves, along in a line upon this heath...[with] a rock-stone upon the top of one of them as big as a Church tower...
—William Cobbett, Rural Rides 1830, 2001, p.116.

Folklore

The Devil's Jumps are linked to a variety of local landmarks by folklore, including Mother Ludlam's Cave near the ruins of Waverley Abbey, the Devil's Punch Bowl at Hindhead, the village of Thursley and the parish church at Frensham.[10] The folklore includes various tales. One states that the Devil used to amuse himself by leaping from the top of each hill to the next.[11] This annoyed the god Thor who picked up a boulder and threw it at the Devil, causing him to flee and leaving the boulder at the Devil's Jumps.[12] This same story is told of the Devil's Jumps near Treyford on the South Downs in West Sussex but it is likely to have originated at the Devil's Jumps in Surrey.[13] The inclusion of the pagan god Thor in the tale is likely to have taken place in the early years of the 20th century, since local historian George Clinch mentioned the Jumps and the pagan derivation of the Thursley placename without linking either when he wrote in 1895.[14]

Tales recorded in the 19th century relate that the witch Mother Ludlam had her cauldron stolen by the Devil, who then fled with the witch following behind on her broomstick.[15] Every time the Devil took a great leap he kicked up a hill, and these hills are the Devil's Jumps. He left the cauldron on Kettlebury Hill, from where it was recovered and put in Frensham Church for safekeeping. When the Devil disappeared, he left the valley of the Devil's Punch Bowl.[16]

Notes

References

Coordinates: 51°8′52.86″N 0°45′53.06″W / 51.1480167°N 0.7647389°W / 51.1480167; -0.7647389

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