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Eoka B

EOKA B
Participant in Cypriot intercommunal violence and Turkish invasion of Cyprus
Active 1971–1974
Ideology Anti-imperialism
Greek nationalism
Enosis
Anti-communism
Leaders Georgios Grivas
Headquarters Cyprus
Allies Greece
Opponents British Empire
Turkish Resistance Organisation

EOKA-B was a Greek Cypriot paramilitary organisation formed in 1971 by General failed coup d'état attempt in 1974 and the subsequent Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.

Formation

EOKA-B was founded by General

The Tragic Duel and the Betrayal of Cyprus-Marios Adamides-2011).

  1. ^ "The Survivor".  
  2. ^ "Middle East: Missing Persons", Accessed June 17, 2006. Archived March 26, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Speech by Makarios", Accessed June 17, 2006.
  4. ^ O'Malley, Brandan and Craig. Ian. The Cyprus Conspiracy, Pub. I.B. Tauris, London , 1999. p. 137.
  5. ^ O'Malley, Brandan and Craig. Ian. The Cyprus Conspiracy, Pub. I.B. Tauris, London , 1999. p. 137.
  6. ^ a b "CYPRUS: Big Troubles over a Small Island".  
  7. ^ Paul Sant Cassia, Bodies of Evidence: Burial, Memory, and the Recovery of Missing Persons in Cyprus, Berghahn Books, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84545-228-5, p. 237.

References

See also

On 14th August 1974, following renewed Turkish Military aggression on that day, Greek-Cypriot extremists committed massacres and crimes against Turkish-Cypriots in Maratha, Santalaris, Aloda, Tochni and Kiti. On the other side, on April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing persons' disappeared in the first days of July 1974, before the Turkish intervention on the 20th. Many killed on the Greek side were killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting between supporters of Makarios and Sampson." [7] This view is not corroborated by the official figures of the Republic of Cyprus release in 2003 which showed that 98 Greek Cypriots died during the coup and no Turkish Cypriots. As a result of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus of July 20th 1974 2,500 Greek Cypriots died in fighting or as a result of war crimes by the Turkish army or Turkish Cypriot extremists, 500 T/C in fighting and as result of atrocities of Greek Cypriot extremists and around 500 Turkish troops (The Tragic Duel and the Betrayal of Cyprus-Marios Adamides-2011).

When Grivas Digenis died from heart failure in January 1974, the new leadership of EOKA-B increasingly came under the direct control and influence of the military junta in Athens. The post-Grivas EOKA B' was on the verge of dissolution by July 1974. Yet on July 15, 1974 the Greek Dictator Dimitrios Ioannides used the National Guard,which was led by Greek Officers and consisted of Greek-Cypriot conscripts, and launched a military coup, overthrowing Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as the new President of Cyprus.[6] This action served only to provoke a Turkish intervention on July 20, 1974,[6] leading to the subsequent de facto division of the island. Ioannides was taken by surprise by the Turkish invasion and failed to convince or coerce the Greek generals to send military reinforcements to Cyprus. His failure to win the war of Cyprus led to his downfall on 23 July 1974.

Whereas EDEK. The Communist Party AKEL, despite the mild verbal opposition to EOKA-B, had not organized any form of resistance against it.

The organization is commonly referred as a enosis. He was angered by Makarios' rejection of enosis in 1959 and was further riled when the President reaffirmed this position on his re-election in 1968. Grivas took the reins of EOKA-B and attempted to overthrow Makarios in order to achieve enosis through violent means.

in 1959 and were further incensed when he had reaffirmed this position on his re-election in 1968. enosis as well as the widespread concern that the Greek Junta would attempt to impose upon the Greek Cypriots what they thought was an unacceptable settlement to the Cyprus problem. Nationalistic elements had been angered by Makarios' rejection of enosis He created EOKA-B in response to President Archbishop Makarios' deviation from the policy of [1]

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