Elsatsoosu circa 1873
Born Arizona Territory, United States
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service c. 1872–1875
Rank Corporal
Unit U.S. Army Indian Scouts
Battles/wars Indian Wars
Apache Wars
Awards Medal of Honor

Elsatsoosu (fl. 1872 – 1875), also called Elsatsoosh, was an Apache Indian scout in the U.S. Army who served under Lieutenant Colonel George Crook during the Apache Wars. He guided cavalry troopers against renegade Apaches in the Arizona Territory during Crook's winter campaign of 1872-73 and was one of ten scouts later received the Medal of Honor for gallantry.


Born in the Arizona Territory, Elsatsoosu (or Elsatsoosh) was one of ten Apaches hired by the U.S. Army as an Indian scout for Lieutenant Colonel George Crook's campaign against the renegades still active following the surrender of Cochise in late-1872. He specifically guided cavalry troopers in the Tonto Basin, where the Western Apache and Yavapais had been successfully conducting raids and eluding troops for several years, battling the Apache in the mountains during Crook's winter campaign of 1872-73. A total of 23 men were received the Medal of Honor. Of these, all 10 Indian scouts, including Elsatsoosu, received the award[1][2][3] on April 12, 1875,[4][5][6] for "gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches".[7][8] The other scouts were William Alchesay, Blanquet, Chiquito, Jim, Kelsay, Kosoha, Machol, Nannasaddie and Nantaje.[9][10][11][12][13]

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Corporal, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entered service at:------. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875.


Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.[14]

See also


Further reading

  • Hirschfelder, Arlene B. and Martha Kreipe De Montaño. The Native American Almanac: A Portrait of Native America Today. New York: Prentice Hall, 1993. ISBN 0-671-85012-1
  • Konstantin, Phil. This Day in North American Indian History: Important Dates in the History of North America's Native Peoples for Every Calendar Day. New York: Da Capo Press, 2002. ISBN 0-306-81170-7

External links

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