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European Parliament election, 1994 (Italy)

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European Parliament election, 1994 (Italy)

Italian election of European Parliament, 1994

12 June 1994

87 seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Silvio Berlusconi Achille Occhetto Gianfranco Fini
Party Forza Italia Democratic Party of the Left National Alliance
Leader since 26 January 1994 2 June 1988 6 July 1991
Seats before 22
Seats won 27 16 11
Popular vote 10,089,139 6,281,354 4.108.670
Percentage 30.6% 19.1% 12.5%

European election results map. Blue denotes provinces with a Forza Italia plurality, Red denotes those with a Democratic Party of the Left plurality, Yellow denotes provinces with a People's Party plurality, Brown and Gray and denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.

The European Parliament election of 1994 in Italy was the election of the delegation from Italy to the European Parliament in 1994.

It was the first continental election after the scandal of Tangentopoli which destroyed the traditional republican parties of Italy: consequently, all new parties contested the race.

Electoral system

The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.

Results

The new party Forza Italia (FI), led by the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, won the election with 30.6% of the vote and 27 seats. The second party was the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), heir of the Italian Communist Party (PCI), that gained 19.1% of the vote and 16 seats, while the third party was National Alliance (AN), heir of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), that gained 12.5% of the vote and 11 seats. The Italian People's Party (PPI), heir of Christian Democracy (DC), gained only 10.0% of the vote and 8 seats.

National party European group Main candidate Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Forza Italia FE 10,089,139 30.62 New 27 New
Democratic Party of the Left PES 6,281,354 19.06 8.52 Decrease 16 6 Decrease
National Alliance NI 4,108,670 12.47 6.96 Increase 11 7 Increase
Italian People's Party EPP 3,295,337 10.00 22.90 Decrease 8 18 Decrease
Lega Nord ELDR 2,162,586 6.56 4.73 Increase 6 4 Increase
Communist Refoundation Party EUL 2,004,716 6.08 New 5 New
Segni Pact EPP 1,073,095 3.26 New 3 New
Federation of the Greens G 1,055,797 3.20 2.97 Decrease 3 2 Decrease
Pannella List ERA 702,717 2.13 0.89 Increase 2 1 Increase
Italian Socialist PartyDemocratic Alliance PES 606,538 1.84 12.96 Decrease 2 10 Decrease
The Network G 366,258 1.11 New 1 New
Italian Republican Party ELDR 242,786 0.74 1 2 Decrease
Italian Democratic Socialist Party NI 227,439 0.69 2.03 Decrease 1 1 Decrease
Southern Action League None 224,033 0.67 New 0 New
South Tyrolean People's Party[1] EPP 202,668 0.62 0.12 Increase 1 0 Steady
Federalism (UVSNLAVPN) None 126,937 0.39 0.21 Decrease 0 1 Decrease
Lega Alpina Lumbarda None 110,458 0.34 New 0 New
Federation of Liberals None 53,983 0.16 0 0 Steady
Solidarity None 15,214 0.05 New 0 New
Valid votes 32.949.725 00.00
Blank and invalid votes 2.753.484 00.00
Totals 35.667.440 100.00 87 6 Increase
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 48.461.792 73,60 7.47 Decrease
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Popular vote
FI
  
30.62%
PDS
  
19.06%
AN
  
12.47%
PPI
  
10.00%
LN
  
6.56%
PRC
  
6.08%
Segni
  
3.26%
FdV
  
3.20%
Pannella
  
2.13%
PSI
  
1.84%
Others
  
4.76%

See also

References

  1. ^ List connected with the Italian People's Party
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