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European Parliament election, 2009 (Germany)

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European Parliament election, 2009 (Germany)

European Parliament election, 2009

June 7, 2009 (2009-06-07)

All 99 German seats in the European Parliament
Opinion polls
Turnout 43.3%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Party CDU/CSU SPD Green
Seats before 49 23 13
Seats won 42 23 14
Seat change Decrease7 Steady0 Increase1
Popular vote 9,968,153 5,472,566 3,194,509
Percentage 37.9% 20.8% 12.1%
Swing Decrease6.6% Decrease0.7% Increase0.2%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Party FDP Left
Seats before 7 7
Seats won 12 8
Seat change Increase5 Increase1
Popular vote 2,888,084 1,969,239
Percentage 11.0% 7.5%
Swing Increase4.9% Increase1.4%

The European Parliament election of 2009 in Germany was the German part of the European Parliament election, 2009. The voting was held on Sunday, 7 June. A total of 26 parties competed for the 99 seats reserved for Germany in the European Parliament. In the previous election of 2004, the six parties which were represented in the German national parliament (Bundestag) from 2005 to 2013, had entered the European Parliament by overcoming the 5% election threshold. The same parties entered the European Parliament this time. None of the other parties managed to gain more than 1.7%, but together the small parties exceeded 10% for the first time. At 43.3%, the voter turnout was just over the all-time low in the previous European election in Germany (43.0%).[1]

Results

 Summary of the results of Germany's 7 June 2009 election to the European Parliament
• •
National party European party Main candidate Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) + Christian Social Union (CSU) EPP None 9,968,153 37.85
42 / 99
7 Decrease
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) EPP 8,071,391 30.65 5.9 Decrease
34 / 99
6 Decrease
Social Democratic Party (SPD) PES 5,472,566 20.78 0.7 Decrease
23 / 99
0 Steady
Alliance '90/The Greens (B'90/GRÜNEN) EGP 3,194,509 12.13 0.2 Increase
14 / 99
1 Increase
Free Democratic Party (FDP) ELDR 2,888,084 10.97 4.9 Increase
12 / 99
5 Increase
The Left (LINKE) PEL 1,969,239 7.48 1.5 Increase
8 / 99
1 Increase
Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) EPP 1,896,762 7.20 0.8 Decrease
8 / 99
1 Decrease
Free Voters (FW) None 442,579 1.68 New
0 / 99
0 Steady
The Republicans (REP) None 347,887 1.32 0.6 Decrease
0 / 99
0 Steady
Human Environment Animal Welfare (MUT) None 289,694 1.10 0.2 Decrease
0 / 99
0 Steady
Others (parties and candidates that won less than 1% of the vote and no seats) 1,508,867 5.7
0 / 99
0 Steady
Valid votes 26,333,444 97.81
Blank and invalid votes 590,170 2.19
Totals 26,923,614 100.00
99 / 99
0 Steady
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 62,222,873 43.27 0.26 Increase
Source: German government

Polls

Party Last
election
2009-04-03
Infratest[2]
2009-04-22
GESS[2]
2009-05-07
Infratest[2]
2009-05-28
Infratest[2]
2009-05-29
FW[2]
  CDU+CSU 44.5% 36% (30+6) 39% 37% (31+6) 39% (33+6) 39%
  SPD 21.5% 28% 27% 28% 26% 25%
  The Greens 11.9% 13% 13% 12% 12% 10%
  FDP 6.1% 10% 10% 10% 9% 10%
  The Left 6.1% 8% 6% 8% 7% 8%
  Other 9.8% 5% 5% 5% 7% 8%

Of particular interest in the European elections was the performance of the conservative CSU. The party only stands for election in the state of Bavaria, instead of its nationwide "sister party", CDU, where it has traditionally been the dominating party, winning absolute majorities for decades. As the CSU's share of votes has to be above 5% on the national level in order to gain seats in the European Parliament, it must gain at least 35% of the Bavarian electorate to pass this threshold. While the CSU had still won 58% in the 2003 Bavaria state election, in the state elections in 2008, its share plummeted to only 43.4%, which was only about 6% on the national level.[3] Despite these fears, in this European election, the CSU gained 7.2% on the national level.

References

  1. ^ "European election results 2009 for Germany". www.elections2009-results.eu. Retrieved 9 June 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Wilko Zicht and Matthias Cantow. "Sonntagsfrage – Europawahl" (in German). Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  3. ^ http://www.prcenter.de/Europawahl-2009-Scheitert-die-CSU-an-der-bundesweiten-Fuenf-Prozent-Klausel-.29948.html
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