World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fernando de Santiago y Díaz

Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
72nd President of the Government of Spain
2nd of Democratic Transition (1975–1977)
In office
July 1, 1976 – July 3, 1976
Monarch Juan Carlos I
Vice President Juan Miguel Villar Mir
Preceded by Carlos Arias Navarro
Succeeded by Adolfo Suárez González
Governor-General of the Spanish Sahara
In office
March 4, 1971 – April 24, 1974
Preceded by José María Pérez de Lerma
Succeeded by Federico Gómez de Salazar
Personal details
Born (1910-07-23)July 23, 1910
Madrid, Spain
Died November 6, 1994(1994-11-06) (aged 84)
Nationality Spain
Political party Falange (1936-1980)
Movimiento Nacional
Military service
Service/branch Army
Rank Liutenant General
Commands Superior Polytechnic Army College

Fernando de Santiago y Díaz de Mendívil (July 23, 1910 – November 6, 1994) was a conservative deputy and interim prime minister of Spain during the Spanish transition to democracy in the late 1970s. He had earlier been a general in the Spanish Civil War and under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

As an active soldier, Santiago participated in the Second Moroccan War in the 1920s and threw in with the Spanish Nationalists in the 1936 Civil War, rising to the rank of lieutenant general. During the Franco regime, he served as a professor and later director of the Escuela Politécnica Superior del Ejército (Superior Polytechnic Army College).

In the waning years of Franco's rule, from March 4, 1971 to April 24, 1974, the dictator gave Santiago a task as political as it was military: serve as governor-general of Spanish Sahara after Spanish forces had massacred members of a native independence movement in the "Zemla Intifada". Santiago presided over the introduction of limited home-rule in the region, which was eventually decolonized a few years later.

Following the dictator's death, November 20, 1975, Santiago was named Vicepresidente del Gobierno para la Defensa (deputy prime minister for defense) of Spain's first post-Franco government, under Prime Minister Carlos Arias Navarro. Following Arias' resignation, Santiago briefly served as interim prime minister, July 1-July 3, 1976.[1]

Under the administration of Adolfo Suárez, Santiago remained the principal deputy prime minister but gave up oversight of the defense ministry.[1] While Arias Navarro had been considered a Francoist, Suárez would turn out to be a reformer, putting Spain on the road to democracy. Santiago would become a harsh critic of Suárez' government. He submitted a resignation letter shortly after Suárez announced he would support the Ley para la Reforma Political (Political Reform Law) and its call for open elections; his resignation was accepted September 21, 1976.

Out of office, Santiago continued to meet with conservative military officials disturbed by Spain's democratization and liberalization. In September 1977, he met with a group of army leaders—including Jaime Milans del Bosch -- who secretly wrote a letter to King Juan Carlos I asking him to undertake "actions to rescue the destiny of the Fatherland". Bosch would later be implicated in the "23-F" coup attempt, February 23, 1981.

He married at San Fermín de los Navarros in Madrid on 6 January 1934 María Ignacia Morales de Los Ríos y Palacio, daughter of Santiago Morales de Los Ríos y Chávarri (b. Madrid, Salvador y San Nicolás, 1 May 1886 - ?) and wife (m. Madrid, Santa Teresa, 12 December 1910) Ana María de Palacio y Velasco (29 April 1890 - ?), daughter of the 6th Marquess of Casa Palacio and wife the 1st Marchioness of Villarreal de Álava and grandaunt of Loyola de Palacio and Ana de Palacio, and had issue:[2]

  • Ana María de Santiago y Morales de Los Ríos
  • María Ignacia de Santiago y Morales de Los Ríos
  • María Fernanda de Santiago y Morales de Los Ríos
  • María del Dulce Nombre de Santiago y Morales de Los Ríos
  • Fernando de Santiago y Morales de Los Ríos


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 19 February 2007 of the equivalent article on the español World Heritage Encyclopedia.
Preceded by
Carlos Arias Navarro
President of the Government of Spain

Succeeded by
Adolfo Suárez González
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.