World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fincastle County, Virginia

Fincastle County, Virginia

, was created in 1772 from Botetourt County,[1] the boundaries of which extended all the way to the Mississippi River. Fincastle County was abolished in 1776, and divided into three new counties—Montgomery County, Washington County, and Kentucky County (which in 1792 became the 15th state, the Commonwealth of Kentucky) by acts of the Virginia General Assembly.[2][3]

Although no county seat was designated by the act creating the county, the colonial governor ordered it to be placed at the "Lead Mines" of Wythe County, where Austinville, Virginia, is now located.[1]

Botetourt County may have been named for the English home of Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt, a very popular governor of the Colony of Virginia, who died just before the tensions of the impending American Revolution made the job much more difficult. John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore and Viscount of Fincastle, succeeded Lord Botetourt. Fincastle County may have been named in his honor, or for his son Lord Fincastle. If so, the decision to change the name in 1776 is very logical. At that time, Lord Dunmore was leading the military opposition to the "rebels" in Virginia, and had already issued Dunmore's Proclamation offering to free any slaves who fled their Virginia masters and joined the royal British forces.

The name remains represented on Virginia maps by the town of Fincastle, the county seat of the original Botetourt County.


  1. ^ a b Pendleton, William C. (1920). History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia: 1748-1920, pp. 255-57. W. C. Hill Printing Company.
  2. ^ Pendleton (1920), pp. 362-63.
  3. ^ Text of act to create Kentucky County, Virginia

Further reading

  • Rothert, Otto A. (January 1932). "Fincastle County, Virginia, and Old Kentucky". Filson Club Historical Quarterly 6 (1). Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  • Wilson, Samuel M. (April 1935). "West Fincastle, Now Kentucky". Filson Club Historical Quarterly 9 (2). Retrieved 2011-11-29. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.