World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Flag of Georgia (country)

Article Id: WHEBN0000431920
Reproduction Date:

Title: Flag of Georgia (country)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection: Flags of Georgia (Country), National Flags, National Symbols of Georgia (Country), Red and White Flags
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Flag of Georgia (country)

Georgia
Name Five Cross Flag
Use Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted January 25, 2004
Design White rectangle, with in its central portion a large red cross that extends to the edge of the flag. In the four corners there are four Bolnur-Katskhuri crosses of the same color.[1]
Variant flag of Georgia
Use Naval ensign
Design Flag of the President of Georgia
Variant flag of Georgia
Design Flag of the Minister of Defence
Variant flag of Georgia
Design Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Variant flag of Georgia
Design War Flag of Georgia

The United National Movement. It was widely used during the "Rose Revolution" of 2003.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Design 2
  • Previous flags of Georgia 3
    • Medieval Georgian flags 3.1
    • Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921) 3.2
    • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (November 12, 1923–December 8, 1991) 3.3
    • Georgia (December 8, 1991–January 24, 2004) 3.4
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The current flag was used by the Georgian patriotic movement following the country's independence from the Jerusalem cross shown as the flag of Tblisi in a 14th-century map by Domenico and Francesco Pizzigano.[2]

A majority of Georgians, including the influential United National Movement led by Mikheil Saakashvili, as a symbol of popular resistance to Shevardnadze's rule.[3]

The flag was adopted by Parliament on 14 January 2004. Saakashvili formally endorsed it via Presidential Decree No. 31 signed on 25 January, following his election as President.












Design

The national flag of Georgia, as described in the decree:

The Georgian national flag is a white rectangle, with in its central portion a large red cross touching all four sides of the flag. In the four corners there are four bolnur-katskhuri crosses of the same color (as the large cross).
Scheme Red White
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0
Web #FF0000 #FFFFFF
Flag construction sheet

Previous flags of Georgia

The five crosses on the current Georgian flag are sometimes interpreted as representing either the Five Holy Wounds, or alternatively Christ and the Four Evangelists.[4]

Medieval Georgian flags

Detail of the 1367 Pizzigano chart, showing Tbilisi and its flag

The white flag with the single red King Vakhtang I in the 5th century.[5]

According to tradition, Queen Tamar (d. 1213) used a flag with a dark red cross and a star in a white field.[6]

In the 1367 map by

External links

  1. ^ Decree of the President of Georgia No. 31 of 25 January 2004.
  2. ^ "The new flag of Georgia does not seem to be related with this historical banner. The flag of the National Movement was unknown ten years ago [1993] and was called 'the Georgian historical national flag' by the opposition leaders only after publications by the Georgian vexillologist I.L. Bichikashvili." Mikhail Revnivtsev, 25 November 2003 crwflags.com
  3. ^ "A majority of Georgians, including the patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church, have long favored adopting the five-cross banner as the nation's official flag. But the outgoing president stymied all efforts to make the change. In 1999, the Georgian Parliament voted to change the flag, and all Shevardnadze had to do was issue a supportive Decree. Inexplicably, he refused to do so, instead setting up a powerless Heraldic Commission to study the matter. When Saakashvili founded the National Movement in 2001, therefore, the five-cross flag was the natural choice to illustrate his party's populist bent." Brendan Koerner, 'What's With Georgia's Flags?', Slate, 25 November 2003.
  4. ^ Michael Spilling, Winnie Wong: Georgia p. 37.
  5. ^ Theodore E. Dowling, Sketches of Georgian Church History, New York, p 54. D.M.Lang – Georgia in the Reign of Giorgi the Brilliant (1314–1346). Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 17,No. 1 (1955), p.84. G. Macharashwili დროშა გორგასლიანი, თბ. 2011.
  6. ^ .
  7. ^ David Kldiashvili, ქართული ჰერალდიკის ისტორია ("History of Georgian heraldry"), Parlamentis utskebani, 1997; pp. 30–35.
  8. ^

References

See also

[8] The previous flag used by the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921 was revived on 8 December 1991, by the

Georgia (December 8, 1991–January 24, 2004)

During the Soviet period, Georgia adopted several variants of the Georgian SSR was abolished by the Georgian government in November 1990 shortly before it declared independence from the Soviet Union.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (November 12, 1923–December 8, 1991)

During Georgia's brief existence as an independent state as the tricolour was adopted. The design resulted from a national flag-designing contest won by the painter Iakob Nikoladze. It was abolished by the Soviet Union following the 1921 incorporation of Georgia into the USSR.

Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921)

[7]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.