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Flag of Jamaica

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Title: Flag of Jamaica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jamaica, Saltire, Colony of Jamaica, Flags of North America, Jamaica/Did you know
Collection: Flags of Jamaica, National Flags, National Symbols of Jamaica, Saltire Flags
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Flag of Jamaica

Jamaica
Names The Cross, Black, green, and gold
Use National flag and civil ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted August 6, 1962
Design A yellow diagonal cross divides into four triangles of green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and fly side)
Variant flag of Jamaica
Use Naval ensign
Design A White Ensign with the national flag in the canton
The first proposed design for the Jamaican flag
Another proposal for the Jamaican flag

The flag of Jamaica was adopted on August 6, 1962, the original Jamaican Independence Day, the country having gained independence from the British-protected Federation of the West Indies. The flag consists of a gold saltire, which divides the flag into four sections: two of them green (top and bottom) and two black (hoist and fly).

Contents

  • Design and symbolism 1
  • Etiquette 2
  • Historical flags 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5

Design and symbolism

The present design emerged from those sent in by the public in a national competition. It was originally designed with horizontal stripes, but this was considered too similar to the Tanganyikan flag, and so the saltire was substituted. It hints at the Scottish and Irish roots of much of the population, while black, green, and gold are Pan-African colors, representing the country's black majority population.

An earlier interpretation of the colors was, "hardships there are but the land is green and the sun shineth": gold recalls the shining sun, black reflects hardships, and green represents the land. It was changed to black representing the strength and creativity of the people which has allowed them to overcome the odds, yellow for the golden sunshine and green for the lush vegetation of the island. The flag is blazoned Per saltire vert and sable, a saltire Or.

Etiquette

Standard etiquette applies in Jamaica to use of the national flag, primarily ensuring it is always the primary flag flown and is in good condition. The National Flag Code (a set of rules that owners of a flag should follow) was instituted by the government.

Jamaica's state ensign is a Jamaican Coast Guard. It mimics the naval ensigns of other Commonwealth countries such as Bahamas, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Historical flags

See also

External links

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