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French ship Duquesne (1813)

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French ship Duquesne (1813)

The Robuste, sister-ship of the Duquesne
Career (France)
Name: Duquesne, Zélandais
Namesake: Abraham Duquesne, Zealand
Builder: Cherbourg
Laid down: 1 October 1810
Launched: 12 October 1813
Commissioned: 30 June 1814
Struck: 19 November 1836
General characteristics
Class & type: Bucentaure-class
Type: ship of the line
Length: 55.88 m (183.33 ft) (overall)
53.92 m (176.90 ft) (keel)
Beam: 15.27 m (50.10 ft)
Depth of hold: 7.63 m (25.03 ft)
Propulsion: Sail
Sail plan: 2,683 m2 (28,879.57 sq ft)
Complement: 866
Armament:

80 guns

  • 30 × 36-pounders
  • 32 × 24-pounders
  • 18 × 12-pounders
  • 6 × 36-pounder howitzers

The Duquesne was an 80-gun Bucentaure-class 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, designed by Sané.

Built on brand new docks as Zélandais, she was renamed to Duquesne at the Bourbon Restauration, on 27 April 1814, while she was still being commissioned. On 23 March 1815, during the Hundred Days, she was renamed back to Zélandais, and to Duquesne again on 15 July when Louis XVIII returned on the throne.

She took part in the Invasion of Algiers in 1830 under captain Bazoche.

After the July Revolution, she was again renamed Zélandais.

On 24 January 1834, she ferried survivors of the wreck of Superbe to Toulon.

She was again used as a troopship, was used as a hulk in 1832 in Brest, and was eventually struck in 1836.

The figurehead of Duquesne is on display at the Musée national de la Marine in Paris. An oil painting in Brest naval museum shows Duquesne as a hulk during the fire of the harbour.

References

  • Jean-Michel Roche, Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, tome I
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