World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Geography of Morocco

Article Id: WHEBN0000019293
Reproduction Date:

Title: Geography of Morocco  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jebel Zem-Zem, Jebel Kelti, Jbel Lakhdar, Geography of Africa, Economy of Morocco
Collection: Geography of Morocco
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Geography of Morocco

True-color image of Morocco from Terra spacecraft
Topography of Morocco
Morocco's and Western Sahara's cities and main towns

The geography of Morocco spans from the Atlantic Ocean, to mountainous areas, to the Sahara (desert). Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

A part of Morocco is mountainous. The Atlas Mountains are located mainly in the center and the south of the country. The Rif Mountains are located in the north of the country.

Geography statistics Coordinates:

Map references: Africa

Area:
total: 446,550 km² (excluding Western Sahara), 710,850 km² (including Western Sahara)
land: 446,300 km² (or 710,600 km²)
water: 250 km²

Area - comparative: Morocco without Western Sahara is slightly larger than California; slightly larger than Newfoundland and Labrador; slightly more than half the size of New South Wales province of Australia; slightly less than twice the size of the United Kingdom

Morocco, including Western Sahara, is slightly larger than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 2,017.9 km
border countries: Algeria 1 559 km, Mauritania (de facto) 1561 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

Coastline: 1835 km (excluding Western Sahara's coast)

2945 km (including Western Sahara's coast)

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Contents

  • Physical geography 1
  • Land use and natural resources 2
  • Environment 3
    • Ecoregions 3.1
      • Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub 3.1.1
      • Temperate coniferous forests 3.1.2
      • Montane grasslands and shrublands 3.1.3
      • Deserts and xeric shrublands 3.1.4
      • Freshwater ecoregions 3.1.5
      • Marine ecoregions 3.1.6
    • Current environmental issues 3.2
    • International environmental agreements 3.3
  • Extreme points 4
  • Gallery 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Physical geography

Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior and south

Terrain: northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
highest point: Toubkal mountain 4,165 m


Land use and natural resources

Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Land use:
arable land: 17.79%
permanent crops: 2.6%
other: 79.61% (2011)

Irrigated land: 14,850 km² (2004)

Total renewable water resources: 29 km3 (2011)

Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment

Ecoregions

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub

Temperate coniferous forests

Montane grasslands and shrublands

Deserts and xeric shrublands

Freshwater ecoregions

Marine ecoregions

Current environmental issues

Land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

International environmental agreements

Morocco is party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Extreme points

This is a list of the extreme points of Morocco, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location (excluding the disputed Western Sahara area).

  • *Note: Morocco does not have a southern-most point, the border being formed by a straight horizontal line

Gallery

References

  • CIA Factbook: Morocco

External links

  • European Digital Archive on the Soil Maps of the world Soil Maps of Morocco
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.