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George Arliss

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George Arliss

George Arliss
George Arliss as Nathan Mayer Rothschild in The House of Rothschild (1934).
Born Augustus George Andrews
(1868-04-10)10 April 1868
London, England, UK
Died 5 February 1946(1946-02-05) (aged 77)
London, England, UK
Cause of death bronchial ailment
Occupation Actor, author, playwright, filmmaker
Years active 1887–1943
Spouse(s) Florence Kate Montgomery Smith (1899–1946)

George Arliss (10 April 1868 – 5 February 1946) was an English actor, author, playwright and filmmaker who found success in the United States. He was the first British actor to win an Academy Award, as well as being the earliest-born actor to win one.

Contents

  • Life and career 1
  • Last years and death 2
  • Other 3
  • Filmography 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Life and career

George Arliss as Benjamin Disraeli, The Theatre magazine, 1911

Born in London and baptised as Augustus George Andrews but commonly listed as George Augustus Andrews, his relatives referred to him as Uncle Gus. Arliss was educated at Disraeli for five years, eventually becoming closely identified with the 19th century British prime minister.

He began his film career with The Devil (1921), followed by Disraeli and four other silent films. Today, only The Devil, $20 a Week, and The Green Goddess (1923), based on the hit stage play in which he had starred, are known to have survived. He remade Disraeli (1929) in sound (and won the Academy Award for Best Actor), converting successfully at the age of 61 from a star of the legitimate theatre, and then silent films, to the talkies.

Arliss made ten sound films exclusively for Warner Bros. under a contract that gave the star an unusual amount of creative control over his films. Curiously, his casting of actors and rewriting of scripts were privileges granted him by the studio that are not even mentioned in his contract. One of these films, The Man Who Played God (1932), was Bette Davis's first leading role. Until the end of Davis's life, she would credit Arliss for personally insisting upon her as his leading lady and giving her a chance to show her mettle. The two also co-starred in The Working Man in 1933.

Arliss built a production unit at Warners' both in front of and behind the cameras. His stage manager, Maude Howell, became an assistant producer and was one of the few female film executives in Hollywood at that time. After his first three films, Arliss approved an undistinguished director, John Adolfi, to direct each of his films from that point on. Adolfi soon found himself regarded as a successful director of the critically and financially acclaimed Arliss films. Arliss preferred to use the same reliable actors, such as Ivan Simpson (who was also a sculptor) and Charles Evans, from film to film. Yet Arliss had an eye for discovering unknown newcomers, such as James Cagney, Randolph Scott and Dick Powell, among others. Despite his extensive involvement in the planning and production of his films, Arliss claimed credit only for acting.

George Arliss in sultan costume

Working closely with Warners' production chief, Darryl F. Zanuck, Arliss left the studio when Zanuck resigned in April 1933. Zanuck quickly signed Arliss to make new films at Zanuck's fledgling studio, 20th Century Pictures, prompting Warners' to bitterly complain to the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences that Zanuck had "stolen" their star. Arliss is remembered primarily for his witty series of historical biographies such as Alexander Hamilton, Voltaire, The House of Rothschild, The Iron Duke, and Cardinal Richelieu.

However, he had a second string to his bow, a series of domestic comedies such as The Millionaire, A Successful Calamity, The Working Man, and The Last Gentleman, among others.

George Arliss in The House of Rothschild (1934).

He often appeared with his wife, Florence Arliss (née Florence Kate Montgomery Smith) (1871–1950), to whom he was married from 16 September 1899 until his death. They had no children, although Second World War prevented their return to America during Arliss's remaining years. The only taint of scandal involved charges by the British Government in September 1941 that Arliss had not complied with a recent requirement to report bank accounts he maintained in the US and Canada. (Similar charges were also brought against actor-playwright Noël Coward a few weeks later.) Both men claimed ignorance of the new law, but were fined and publicly humiliated by the experience.

Last years and death

Arliss settled at Pangbourne in Berkshire. Film producer Darryl F. Zanuck tried to interest Arliss in returning to Hollywood to star in The Pied Piper in 1942. Braving the Luftwaffe's Blitz on London throughout the war, Arliss remained in his native city. He died in Maida Hill, London, of a bronchial ailment on 5 February 1946, aged 77.[2] His gravestone does not refer to his success in the performing arts, but recites the one achievement of which he was apparently most proud: an honorary Master of Arts degree he received from Columbia University in 1919.

Other

Arliss was a prominent anti-vivisectionist who founded the National Anti-Vivisection Society of Chicago. He was president of the Episcopal Actors' Guild of America from 1921 to 1938.

Arliss has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6648 Hollywood Boulevard. He is also a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame.[3] His grave is located in London's All Saints' Churchyard, Harrow Weald.

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1921 Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli
1921 Devil, TheThe Devil Dr. Muller
1922 Man Who Played God, TheThe Man Who Played God Montgomery Royle
1922 Ruling Passion, TheThe Ruling Passion James Alden
1922 Starland Review, TheThe Starland Review Himself archive
1923 Green Goddess, TheThe Green Goddess Rajah of Rukh
1924 Twenty Dollars a Week John Reeves
1929 Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli Academy Award for Best Actor
1930 Green Goddess, TheThe Green Goddess Raja of Rukh Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
1930 Old English Sylvanus Heythorp
1931 Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton
1931 Millionaire, TheThe Millionaire James Alden
1932 Successful Calamity, AA Successful Calamity Henry Wilton
1932 Man Who Played God, TheThe Man Who Played God Montgomery Royle Released as The Silent Voice in the United Kingdom
1933 Voltaire Voltaire
1933 Working Man, TheThe Working Man John Reeves
1933 King's Vacation, TheThe King's Vacation Phillip, the King
1934 Iron Duke, TheThe Iron Duke Duke of Wellington
1934 Last Gentleman, TheThe Last Gentleman Cabot Barr
1934 House of Rothschild, TheThe House of Rothschild Mayer Rothschild / Nathan Rothschild
1935 Tunnel, TheThe Tunnel Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Released as Transatlantic Tunnel in the United States
1935 Cardinal Richelieu Cardinal Richelieu
1935 Guv'nor, TheThe Guv'nor Guv'nor, TheThe Guv'nor Released as Mister Hobo in the United States
1936 His Lordship Richard Fraser/Lorimer, Lord Duncaster Release as Man of Affairs in the United States
1936 East Meets West Sultan of Rungay
1936 Doctor Syn Dr. Syn
1939 Land of Liberty archive footage
1943 Voice That Thrilled the World, TheThe Voice That Thrilled the World Himself segment Disraeli – archive footage, uncredited

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ "FILM WORLD.".  
  2. ^ "Mr. George Arliss". The Times (Longon, England). 6 February 1946. p. 7. 
  3. ^ "Theater Hall of Fame members". 
Bibliography
  • Fells, Robert M. George Arliss: The Man Who Played God (Scarecrow Press, 2004)
  • Fells, The Arliss Archives: The Further Adventures of The Man Who Played God (Arliss Publishing House, 2011)
  • Fells, More Rarities From the Arliss Archives: A 125th Anniversary Salute to George Arliss (Arliss Publishing House, 2012)
  • Fells, The 1921 Lost DISRAELI: A Photo Reconstruction of the George Arliss Silent Film (Arliss Publishing House, 2013)
  • Arliss, George. Up the Years from Bloomsbury (1927)
  • Arliss, George. My Ten Years in the Studios (George Arliss by Himself in UK) (1940)

External links

Arliss was approaching 70 when he completed the British-made

[1]

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