World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Germanos Karavangelis

Article Id: WHEBN0001211651
Reproduction Date:

Title: Germanos Karavangelis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Macedonian Struggle, Macedonian nationalism, Eastern Orthodox bishops in Greece, Bishops of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, People of the Macedonian Struggle
Collection: 1866 Births, 1935 Deaths, 20Th-Century Eastern Orthodox Bishops, Archbishops and Bishops of Vienna, Bishops of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Burials in Vienna by Place, Eastern Orthodox Bishops in Greece, Greek Nationalists, Greek Orthodox Bishops, Ottoman Greeks, People from Kastoria, People from Lesbos, People from Samsun, People of the MacEdonian Struggle, People Sentenced to Death in Absentia, Recipients of the Order of the Medjidie, Recipients of the Order of the Medjidieh, Theological School of Halki Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Germanos Karavangelis

Germanos Karavangelis
Portrait
Born (1866-06-16)June 16, 1866
Stipsi, Greece
Died February 11, 1935
Vienna, Austria

Germanos Karavangelis (Greek: Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης, also transliterated as Yermanos and Karavaggelis or Karavagelis, 1866–1935) was born in Stipsi, Lesbos.

He was a metropolitan bishop of Kastoria, in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, from 1900 until 1907, appointed in the name of the Greek state by the ambassador of Greece Nikolaos Mavrokordatos[1] and was one of the main coordinators of the Greek Struggle for Macedonia that had an aim to defend the Greek and Greek Orthodox clerical interests against the Turks and the Bulgarians in then Ottoman Turkish-ruled Macedonia.

He organized armed groups composed mainly of Kottas by the Greek authorities in his honour).

Karavangelis succeeded to strengthen Greek aspirations in Macedonia and thus helped the later incorporation of the major part of Macedonia by Greece in the Balkan Wars, for which he is praised as a national hero of the Greek Struggle for Macedonia ("makedonomachos"). He is the author of the book of memoirs "The Macedonian Struggle" (Greek: Ο Μακεδονικός Αγών).

Contents

  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4
  • External links 5

See also

Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Unknown
Bishop of Pera
1896 – 1900[2]
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Athanasios (Kapouralis)
1899-1900
Metropolitan of Kastoria
1900 – 1908
Succeeded by
Ioakeim (Vaxevanidis)
1908-1911
Preceded by
Anthimios (Alexoudis)[3]
27 July 1887 – 5 February 1908[4]
Metropolitan of Amaseia
5 February 1908 – 27 October 1922[4]
Succeeded by
Spyridon (Vlachos)
27 October 1922 – 15 April 1924[4]
Preceded by
Spyridon (Vlachos)[4]
1916 – 1922
Metropolitan of Ioannina
1922 – 1924
Succeeded by
Spyridon (Vlachos)[4]
1924 – 1949
Preceded by
Exarch of Hungary and Central Europe
(Metropolis of Austria)[note 1]
and
Titular Metropolitan of Amaseia[note 2]

12 August 1924 – 10 February 1935[4]
Succeeded by
Unknown

Notes

  1. ^ Since 1924 all of the Greek parishes in the territories of Austria, Hungary and Italy came under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. However it was only in 1963 that the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Austria was formally organized.
  2. ^ "Metropolitan Germanus was condemned to death in absentia by the Turkish authorities on June 7, 1921 and subsequently could not return to Turkey. He remained in Vienna as Exarch of Central Europe of the Ecumenical Patriarchate during the period 1924–1935."[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c (Greek) Γερμανού Καραβαγγέλη. "Ο Μακεδονικός Αγών (Απομνημονεύματα), Εταιρία Μακεδονικών Σπουδών, Ίδρυμα Μελετών Χερσονήσου του Αίμου".Θεσσαλονίκη. 1959.
  2. ^ (Greek) Τάσος Αθ. Γριτσόπουλος. "Γερμανός. Ὁ Καραβαγγέλης." Θρησκευτική και Ηθική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια (ΘΗΕ). Τόμος 4 (Βυζάντιον-Διοκλής). Αθηναι – Αθαν. Μαρτινος, 1964. σελ. 400–402.
  3. ^ (Greek) Αλεξούδης, Άνθιμος. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias - Dictionary of Greek. 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Demetrius Kiminas. The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitanates With Annotated Hierarch Catalogs. Volume 1 of Orthodox Christianity. Wildside Press LLC, 2009. p.97. ISBN 9781434458766

Sources

  • Metropolitan of Kastoria Germanos Karavangelis. Foundation of the Hellenic World (FHW). Retrieved: 25 August 2014.
  • Basil C. Gounaris. Social cleavages and national "awakening" in Ottoman Macedonia. East European Quarterly 29 (1995), 409-426.
  • Basil C. Gounaris. Preachers of God and martyrs of the Nation: The politics of murder in ottoman Macedonia in the early 20th century. Balkanologie. Vol. IX, n° 1-2 | décembre 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  • Basil C. Gounaris. "IX. National Claims, Conflicts and Developments in Macedonia, 1870-1912." In: Ioannis Koliopoulos (Ed.). The History of Macedonia. Thessaloniki: Musesum of the Macedonian Struggle, 2007. pp. 183–213.
  • Douglas Dakin. The Greek struggle in Macedonia, 1897-1913. Thessalonikē: Institute for Balkan Studies, 1966. 538 pp.
  • Demetrius Kiminas. The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitanates With Annotated Hierarch Catalogs. Volume 1 of Orthodox Christianity. Wildside Press LLC, 2009. p. 97. ISBN 9781434458766
  • Dimitris Livanios. "'Conquering the souls': nationalism and Greek guerrilla warfare in Ottoman Macedonia, 1904-1908." BMGS 23 (1999) 195-221.
  • Julian Allan Brooks. "Shoot the Teacher!" Education and the Roots of the Macedonian Struggle." Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts. Simon Fraser University, Fall 2005. 191 pp.
  • Lora Gerd. Russian Policy in the Orthodox East: The Patriarchate of Constantinople (1878-1914). De Gruyter Open, 2014. p. 10. ISBN 9788376560328
  • Olga Balytnikova-Rakitianskaia. Pontian Genocide. ORTHODOXY IN THE WORLD (www.pravmir.com). May 19, 2010, 14:45. Retrieved 27 August 2014.

Greek Sources

  • (Greek) Πάνος Ν. Αβραμόπουλος. Μητροπολίτης Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης - Ο ρασοφόρος Ακρίτας. Romfea.gr. Σάββατο, 11 Μαΐου 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  • (Greek) Μητροπολίτης Καστορίας (1900-1908), Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης. Ιερά Μητρόπολη Καστοριάς (I.M. Kastorias). Retrieved: 26 August 2014.
  • (Greek) ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΙΤΗΣ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΟΣ ΚΑΡΑΒΑΓΓΕΛΗΣ (1866-1935). Stipsi, Lesvos. Retrieved: 25 August 2014.
  • (Greek) Καραβαγγέλης, Γερμανός. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias - Dictionary of Greek. 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  • (Greek) Τσαγκάρης, Παναγιώτης (Θεολόγος). Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης. Ο Παπαφλέσσας της Λέσβου. Διακόνημα (Diakonima.gr). 18 Μαΐου 2010. Retrieved: 26 August 2014.
  • (Greek) Τάσος Αθ. Γριτσόπουλος. "Γερμανός. Ὁ Καραβαγγέλης." Θρησκευτική και Ηθική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια (ΘΗΕ). Τόμος 4 (Βυζάντιον-Διοκλής). Αθηναι – Αθαν. Μαρτινος, 1964. σελ. 400–402.
  • (Greek) Ψάρας, I., "O Γερμανός Kαραβαγγέλης και η ορθόδοξη Eλληνική Kοινότητα της Bενετίας (1924-1935)". Θησαυρίσματα 14 (1977), σελ. 275-287.

Related Sources

  • Anastas Vangeli. Nation-building ancient Macedonian style: the origins and the effects of the so-called antiquization in Macedonia. Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity, Volume 39, Issue 1, 2011. pp. 13–32.
  • Panayiotis Diamadis. "Why Macedonia Matters." AHIF POLICY JOURNAL. Winter 2012-13. pp. 1–18.
  • Victor Roudometof. Collective Memory, National Identity, and Ethnic Conflict: Greece, Bulgaria, and the Macedonian Question. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002. 265 pp. ISBN 9780275976484

External links

  • Leonidas Papazoglou. The Bishop of Kastoria Germanos Karavangelis with Turkish Officers and Soldiers. Museum Syndicate (MS). Retrieved: 27 August 2014.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.