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Governor of South Dakota

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Title: Governor of South Dakota  
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Subject: Harvey L. Wollman, Bill Janklow, Dennis Daugaard, Harlan J. Bushfield, Mike Rounds
Collection: Governors of South Dakota, State Constitutional Officers of South Dakota
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Governor of South Dakota

Governor of South Dakota
=
Incumbent
Dennis Daugaard

since January 8, 2011
Style The Honorable
Residence The Governor's Mansion (official)
Garretson, South Dakota (private)
Term length Four years, renewable once[1]
Inaugural holder Arthur C. Mellette
1889[2]
Formation Constitution of South Dakota
Salary $98,000 (Voluntary Reduction)
$115,331 (Statutory)
Website Governor's Website

The Governor of South Dakota is the head of the executive branch of the government of South Dakota.[3] They are elected to a four-year term on even years when there is no Presidential election.[1] The current governor is Dennis Daugaard, a Republican elected in 2010[4] and reelected in 2014. [5]

Contents

  • Powers and duties 1
  • History 2
  • List of Governors of South Dakota 3
  • References 4
  • See also 5

Powers and duties

The governor holds numerous powers and duties, which in many ways are analogous to those held by the President of the United States:[6]

  • The governor serves as a spokesman for the state, promoting business and economic development interests.
  • The governor is actively involved in the legislative process;[7] he may introduce legislation, and has the power to veto bills passed by the legislature (though vetoes may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house).[8]
  • The governor oversees the executive branch, and appoints the members of his cabinet. The governor also appoints the members of a wide array of state boards and commissions.[7]
  • The governor is the commander-in-chief of the South Dakota National Guard.[7]
  • The governor may grant pardons to those convicted of criminal offenses under state law.[7]
  • The governor fills vacancies that occur in the state legislature, the state judiciary, and other state constitutional offices. The governor also fills vacancies in U.S. Senate seats from South Dakota.[7]
  • The governor is the titular head of his political party.

History

From 1889 until 1974, the governor served a two-year term. Until the 1940s, the governor was allowed to serve unlimited terms; since that time, governors have been limited to two consecutive terms. Beginning in 1974, the governor is elected to a four-year term, and may serve two consecutive terms. The governor is elected on a ticket with the Lieutenant Governor.[1]

The first governor of South Dakota was Arthur C. Mellette, who was also the last governor of the Dakota Territory.[2]

Two of South Dakota's governors have left office before their term expired. In 1978,

See also

  1. ^ a b c "Article IV, Section 2, Constitution of South Dakota". South Dakota Legislature. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Arthur C. Mellette". The Weekly South Dakotan. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Article IV, Section 1, Constitution of South Dakota". South Dakota Legislature. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "About Governor Rounds". Governor's Website. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  5. ^ http://electionresults.sd.gov/resultsSW.aspx?type=SWR&map=CTY
  6. ^ "South Dakota Government". The Weekly South Dakotan. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Article IV, Section 3, Constitution of South Dakota". South Dakota Legislature. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  8. ^ "Article IV, Section 4, Constitution of South Dakota". South Dakota Legislature. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Richard Kneip from Elkton, SD". South Dakota Hall of Fame. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "George Mickelson, 52, Governor Of South Dakota, Dies in a Crash".  
  11. ^ Wald, Matthew L. (5 November 1998). "THE 1998 ELECTIONS: STATE BY STATE -- MIDWEST; SOUTH DAKOTA".  
  12. ^ "CRAWFORD, Coe Isaac, (1858 - 1944)".  
  13. ^ "Peter Norbeck from Clay County, SD". South Dakota Hall of Fame. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  14. ^ Christian, Nichole M.; Cushman Jr, John H.; Day, Sherri; Dillon, Sam; Lewis, Neil A.; Pear, Robert; Pristin, Terry; Shenon, Philip (7 November 2002). "THE 2002 ELECTIONS: MIDWEST; SOUTH DAKOTA".  

References

See: List of Governors of South Dakota

List of Governors of South Dakota

Of the 50 states, South Dakota currently holds the longest non-interrupted party control of the governorship. The Republican Party has controlled the South Dakota governorship since January 1, 1979.

Several governors have gone on to serve in other high offices. Coe I. Crawford,[12] Peter Norbeck,[13] William H. McMaster, William J. Bulow, and Harlan J. Bushfield followed their tenures as governor by serving in the United States Senate. Bill Janklow served briefly in the United States House of Representatives following his second stint as governor.[14]

South Dakota's longest serving governor was Bill Janklow. Janklow was the first governor to complete two four-year terms, and he did it twice, serving from 1979 to 1987 and again from 1995 to 2003.[11] Janklow is also the only person to serve non-consecutive terms as governor.

[10]

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