World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

HMS Ardent (1764)

Article Id: WHEBN0006772759
Reproduction Date:

Title: HMS Ardent (1764)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: HMS Ardent, Thomas Slade, Battle of the Saintes, Armada of 1779, Battle of Cape Henry
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

HMS Ardent (1764)

Capture of HMS Ardent by the frigates Junon and Chantil
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Ardent
Ordered: 16 December 1761
Builder: Blades, Hull
Laid down: 15 January 1762
Launched: 13 August 1764
Commissioned: October 1773
Captured: 17 August 1779, by French Navy
French Royal Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Ardent
Acquired: 1779
Captured: 14 April 1782, by Royal Navy
Notes:
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Ardent, later Tiger
Acquired: 14 April 1782
Renamed: 28 August 1783
Fate: Sold out of the service, 10 June 1784
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Ardent-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1379 tons (1401.1 tonnes)
Length:
  • 160 ft (49 m) (gundeck);
  • 131 ft 8 in (40.13 m) (keel)
Beam: 44 ft 4.5 in (13.526 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft (5.8 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 500 officers and men
Armament:
  • 64 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 24-pounders
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 18-pounders
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 4-pounders
  • Forecastle: 2 × 9-pounders

HMS Ardent was a 64-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was built by contract by Hugh Blaydes at Hull according to the plans of Sir Thomas Slade, and launched on 13 August 1764 as the first ship of the Ardent-class. She had a somewhat turbulent career, being captured by the French in 1779, and then re-captured by Britain in 1782.[1]

Contents

  • Career 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Career

The Ardent was first commissioned in October 1774 under Captain Sir Lord Howe's squadron off New York, defending the town from the larger French fleet under the command of Admiral d'Estaing. The two forces engaged in an action off Rhode Island on 11 August, though both fleets were scattered by a storm over the following two days.[2] She returned home to Portsmouth and was paid off in January 1779.

June 1779 saw Ardent recommissioned under the command of Captain Phillip Boteler, sailing from Plymouth in August to join Sir Charles Hardy in the Channel. According to the ship's logs, as many as 4/5 of the crew were landmen, and neither Boteler nor the captain of the Marlborough, in whose company Ardent was sailing, were aware that a French fleet had put to sea. Ardent encountered a fleet two days after sailing, and after receiving the correct replies to the private signal, ran down to meet them. The fleet however was a Franco-Spanish fleet, somehow in possession of the Royal Navy signal code book, thus permitting the correct response to Ardent's signals.[3]

With Ardent within range, the French frigate Junon fired two broadsides before raising her colours. Three further frigates, and the Spanish ship of the line Princesa joined the action shortly afterward. In response, Ardent offered sporadic and inaccurate return fire before striking her colours to the vastly superior enemy force.[2] At his subsequent court martial Captain Boteler blamed his failure to return fire on an inadequate supply of gunpowder for Ardent′s cannons, a statement strongly denied by the ship's gunner Archibald Macintyre who presented evidence there was enough powder for fifty minutes of vigorous engagement. The court martial rejected Boteler's claims, finding instead that the inexperience of the crew was the principal cause of Ardent′s failure to respond to the attack. Boteler was dismissed from the Navy for his failure to adequately defend his ship.[3]

Little is known of Ardent's career in the French Navy; however the British re-captured her on 14 April 1782 following the Battle of the Saintes, and recommissioned her that month under Captain Richard Lucas. On 28 August 1783 the ship was renamed Tiger. She was sold out of the service in June 1784.[1][2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 178.
  2. ^ a b c Ships of the Old Navy, Ardent.
  3. ^ a b Cole 2009, pages 286-287

References

  • Cole, Gareth (August 2009). "Royal Navy Gunners in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars". The Mariner's Mirror (Greenwich, UK: Society for Nautical Research) 95 (3). 
  • Michael Phillips. (64) (1764)Ardent. Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007) British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1714 - 1792. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.