World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Herod (horse)

Article Id: WHEBN0012873687
Reproduction Date:

Title: Herod (horse)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Herod, Byerley Turk, Eclipse (horse), Sultan (horse), Beeswing (horse), Reveller, Diomed, American Eclipse, Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland, Kentucky (horse)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Herod (horse)

Herod
Herod (King Herod)
Sire Tartar
Grandsire Partner
Dam Cypron
Damsire Blaze
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1758
Country Great Britain
Colour Bay
Breeder Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
Owner Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Sir Sir John Moore
Earnings ca. ₤4,500
Awards
Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland
(1777, 1778, 1779, 1780, 1781, 1782, 1783, 1784)
Last updated on 14 August 2009

Herod (originally King Herod; April 1758 – 12 May 1780) was a Thoroughbred racehorse. He was one of the three foundation sires of the modern Thoroughbred racehorse, along with Matchem and Eclipse. Herod was the foundation sire responsible for keeping the Byerley Turk sire-line alive.[1]

Pedigree

Bred by Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, he was by the stallion Tartar, a very good racehorse, who won many races including the King's plate at Litchfield, the King's plate at Guildford, and the King's plate at Newmarket. In addition to Herod, Tartar sired Thais (dam of Silvertail), Fanny (second dam of King Fergus), the O'Kelly Old Tartar mare (dam of Volunteer), and others. Herod's dam, Cypron (1750 bay filly), was bred by Sir W. St Quintin. Herod was a half-brother Lady Bolingbroke (dam of Tetotum, Epsom Oaks) and a mare (1757) (dam of Clay Hall Marske) by Regulus.[2]

Description

Herod was a fine, bay horse standing 15.3 hands high with a small star and no white on his legs.[3] He was a powerful horse that was especially good at four-mile distances.[4]

Racing career

Herod began racing at five, the usual age to begin training for this period, in October 1763 winning a race on the four mile Beacon course at Newmarket. At age six, he won another race at Newmarket, followed by a four-miler at Ascot and a match against Antinous over the Beacon course. When he was seven, his owner died and he was sold in a dispersal sale to Sir John Moore, and it wasn't until 1766 that he returned to the track, where won again against Antinous in a match over the same course.

His career began to close at this point, as he lost to Ascham, then to Turf, and then finished last in a race at York, after a bleeding attack. He started twice the following year, before retiring to stud.

Breeding career

Herod retired in 1770 and stood at the stud of Sir John Moore at Neather Hall, for a fee of 10 guineas, later raised to 25 guineas.[3] He was the leading sire in Great Britain eight times, (1777 to 1784), before his son, Highflyer(1785 to 1796, 1798) and grandson Sir Peter Teazle (1799 to 1802, and 1804 to 1809) took over. Herod's male line continues today in the pedigree of the 2007 Eclipse Stakes winner, Notnowcato. His most important offspring include:

  • Florizel: 1768 bay colt, won 16 races out of 23 starts. Sired Diomed, winner of the first Derby and incredibly influential sire in America.
  • Fortitude: sire of John Bull
  • Highflyer: 1774 bay colt, the most important son of Herod. Unbeaten in 14 races, leading sire several times, one of the 4 foundation lines of the classic Thoroughbred. Got Sir Peter Teazle, Rockingham, Delpini, Escape, St. George, and broodmare Prunella.
  • Justice: sired Rhadamanathus, Daedalus, and Trifle
  • Phoenomenon: won the St. Leger, leading sire
  • Woodpecker: 1773 chestnut colt, won the Craven Stakes in 1778, 1779 and 1781, and a 1,400 guineas handicap sweep in 1780 and 140 guineas purse at Newmarket in 1781, both times beating Potoooooooo (pronounced "Pot eight oes"). Sired Buzzard (sire of Selim, sire of Sultan, sire of Glencoe), Chanticleer, and Ephemera (winner of the Oaks).

Herod sired the winners of 497 races worth ₤201,505.[4]

He was still covering mares until his death, at age 22, at Netherhall (written as Neather Hall in the old calendars) on 12 May 1780.[3][5]

Pedigree

Pedigree of Herod, bay stallion, 1758
Sire
Tartar
ch. 1743
Partner
ch. 1718
Jigg
br. 1701
Byerley Turk
Spanker Mare
Sister to Mixbury Curwen's Bay Barb
Curwen Spot Mare
Meliora
ch. 1729
Fox
b. 1714
Clumsey
Bay Peg
Milkmaid
1720
Whartons Snail
Shields Galloway
Dam
Cypron
br. 1750
Blaze
1733
Flying Childers
b. 1715
Darley Arabian
Betty Leedes
Confederate filly
1720
Grey Grantham
Rutland's Black Barb
Salome
blk. 1733
Bethells Arabian
c.1711
(unknown)
(unknown)
Champion Mare Graham's Champion
Darley Arabian Mare

References

  1. ^ Craig, Dennis, Breeding Racehorses from Cluster Mares, J A Allen, London, 1964
  2. ^ ASB - Cypron Retrieved on 2009-8-14
  3. ^ a b c Montgomery, E.S, “The Thoroughbred”, Arco, New York, 1973 ISBN 0-668-02824-6
  4. ^ a b Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), “Thoroughbred Breeding of the World”, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  5. ^ Morris, Simon; Tesio Power 2000 - Stallions of the World

External links

  • Thoroughbred Bloodlines: King Herod (GB)
  • Thoroughbred Heritage: Herod
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.