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Hinchinbrook Island (Alaska)

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Title: Hinchinbrook Island (Alaska)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cape Hinchinbrook Light, Port Etches, Hawkins Island, Hinchinbrook, Prince William Sound
Collection: Islands of Alaska, Landforms of Valdez–cordova Census Area, Alaska
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Hinchinbrook Island (Alaska)

Hinchinbrook Island is an island in the Gulf of Alaska lying at the entrance to Prince William Sound in the state of Alaska, USA. The island has a land area of 171.98 sq mi (445.438 km²), making it the 37th largest island in the United States. There was a population of five permanent residents as of the 2000 census.

Cape Hinchinbrook Light is located on the southwest side of the island. Also on the southwest side is the abandoned village of Nuchek on Port Etches (bay). The Chugach Alaska Corporation now runs the Nuchek Spirit Camp at this site.

During the Cold War, a US Government White Alice radar site was located on the northeast corner of the island. This site is now abandoned, and all that remains is a trail to the former antenna site on a small hill to the southwest and several of the buildings. Nearby Boswell Bay Airport is the landing strip that formerly served this site. A few houses comprise the hamlet of Boswell Bay across the bay to the south. The State of Alaska maintains Boswell Bay Marine State Park nearby on Boswell Bay.

In 1792, a battle occurred on Hinchinbrook Island between Yakutat Tlingit and a group of Russians and Kodiak Sugpiaq led by Alexander Baranov. The Tlingit had likely come to the island seeking retribution after the Chugach Sugpiaq had raided them the previous year.[1]

In 1797, Baranov visited Fort Konstantinovsk, built by the Lebedev-Lastochkin Company, on the island he called Nuchek Island. Most of these men joined his Shelikhov-Golikov Company.[2]:8-9

References

  • Hinchinbrook Island: Block 1173, Census Tract 2, Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska United States Census Bureau
  1. ^ Frederica De Laguna, Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1972), p. 159.
  2. ^ Khlebnikov, K.T., 1973, Baranov, Chief Manager of the Russian Colonies in America, Kingston: The Limestone Press, ISBN 0919642500


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