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Historic Centre of Macau

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Title: Historic Centre of Macau  
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Historic Centre of Macau

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre of Macao
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Ruins of St. Paul's in Macau
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 1110
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2005 (29th Session)

The Historic Centre of Macao, also known as the Historic Centre of Macau (Chinese: 澳門歷史城區; Portuguese: O Centro Histórico de Macau), is a collection of over twenty locations that witness the unique assimilation and co-existence of Chinese and Portuguese cultures in Macau, a former Portuguese colony. It represents the architectural legacies of the city's cultural heritage, including monuments such as urban squares, streetscapes, churches and temples.

In 2005 the Historic Centre of Macau was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, making it the 31st designated World Heritage site in China. It was described by UNESCO as: "with its historic street, residential, religious and public Portuguese and Chinese buildings, the historic centre of Macao provides a unique testimony to the meeting of aesthetic, cultural, architectural and technological influences from East and West," and "...it bears witness to one of the earliest and longest-lasting encounters between China and the West, based on the vibrancy of international trade."[1]

Contents

  • List of sites 1
    • Zone 1 1.1
      • Buildings 1.1.1
      • Squares 1.1.2
    • Zone 2 1.2
  • Management 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

List of sites

The Historic Centre of Macao is made up of two separated core zones in city center on the Macau peninsula. Each core zone is surrounded by a buffer zone.[2]

Zone 1

The narrow-stripped Zone 1 is located between Mount Hill and Barra Hill.[3]

Buildings

Name Location Notes References Photo
A-Ma Temple Southwest tip of the Macau Peninsula.

Built in 1488, the temple is dedicated to Matsu, the goddess of seafarers and fishermen. The name Macau is thought to be derived from the name of the temple.
Moorish Barracks
Mandarin's House
St Lawrence's Church
St. Joseph's Seminary and Church
Dom Pedro V Theatre
Sir Robert Ho Tung Library
St. Augustine's Church 3 Largo de Sto. Agostinho
Leal Senado Building
Sam Kai Vui Kun
(Kuan Tai Temple)
10 Rua Sui do Mercado de São Domingos
Holy House of Mercy
Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady
Lou Kau Mansion
St. Dominic's Church
Ruins of St. Paul's
Na Tcha Temple
Section of the Old City Walls
Monte Forte
St. Anthony's Church
Casa Garden
Old Protestant Cemetery and the old headquarters of the British East Indies Company[2]

Squares

Name Location Notes References Photo
Barra Square
媽閣廟前地

Largo do Pagode da Barra

Lilau Square

亞婆井前地
Largo do Lilau

St. Augustine's Square

崗頂前地
Largo de Santo Agostinho

Senado Square

議事亭前地
Largo do Senado

St. Dominic's Square

板樟堂前地
Largo do São Domingos

Cathedral Square

大堂前地
Largo da Sé

Company of Jesus Square

耶穌會紀念廣場
Largo da Companhia de Jesus

The square in front of the Ruins of St. Paul's.
Camoes Square

白鴿巢前地
Praça de Luís de Camões

Zone 2

The Zone is surrounded by a buffer zone that covers a park and immediate urban area.[2]

Management

Most of the items (buildings) are owned by the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) and managed by various departments or authority. Cultural Institute of the SAR Government manages the Mandarin's House, the Ruins of St. Paul's, the Section of the Old Wall, Mount Fortress and Guia Fortress (includes the Lighthouse and Chapel).

Leal Senado Building is managed by the Provisional Municipal Council of Macao while the two government-owned temples, A-Ma Temple and Na Tcha Temple are managed by the Board of A-Ma Temple Charity Association and Management Board of Na Tcha Temple respectively. The Moorish Barracks is managed by the Macao Harbour Administration Building.[4]

The rest of the items are owned and managed by the respective institutions. St. Joseph's Seminary Building and Church is owned by St. Joseph's Seminary and managed by the Catholic Diocese of Macao. The Holy House of Mercy Building is owned and managed by Holy House of Mercy Charitable Foundation. Dom Pedro V Theatre is owned and managed by the Management Board of Dom Pedro V Theatre.[4]

The nominated buildings of the Historic Center are protected by various laws, including the Basic Law of the Macao SAR.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Historic Centre of Macau. UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  2. ^ a b c d "Advisory Body Evaluation (of Historic Centre of Macao)" (PDF). UNESCO. 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  3. ^ The Map, Historic Centre of Macao
  4. ^ a b "Nomination file submitted to UNESCO" (PDF). UNESCO. 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Information from the website of UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  • 1001wonders.org : visit this site in panophotographies - 360 x 180 degree images

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