World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht, BWV 55

Article Id: WHEBN0029336194
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht, BWV 55  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Bach cantatas by liturgical function, Monteverdi Choir
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht, BWV 55


Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht (I, wretched man, a servant to sin), BWV 55, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Leipzig for the 22nd Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 17 November 1726.

History and words

Bach wrote the cantata, a solo cantata for a tenor, in 1726 in Leipzig for the 22nd Sunday after Trinity and performed it first on 17 November 1726. It is Bach's only extant cantata for tenor.[1]

The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the

Scoring and structure

The cantata is scored for a tenor soloist, a four-part choir (only for the final chorale), flauto traverso, oboe d'amore, two violins, viola, and basso continuo.[2]

1. Aria: Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht (I, wretched man, a servant to sin)[3]
2. Recitativo: Ich habe wider Gott gehandelt (I have offended against God)
3. Aria: Erbarme dich! Laß die Tränen dich erweichen (Have mercy! Let my tears move Thee)
4. Recitativo: Erbarme dich! Jedoch nun tröst ich mich (Have mercy! However, I console myself)
5. Chorale: Bin ich gleich von dir gewichen, stell ich mich doch wieder ein (Though I have turned aside from Thee, Yet shall I return)

Music

A rich polyphonic setting for flute, oboe d'amore and two violins, without viola, accompanies the opening aria. The motifs seem to illustrate the faltering steps and a despairing heart of the steward summoned before his master.[1] The second aria is as expressive, accompanied by a virtuoso flute. The first recitative is secco, but the second one accompanied by string chords.

The closing chorale is the same text and Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147.

Commentators have concluded from the autograph that the last three movements were originally part of an earlier untraced composition for Passiontide, possibly the lost 1717 Weimar Passion.[1][2]

Recordings

References

Sources

The first source is the score.

Several databases provide additional information on each cantata:

  • Cantata BWV 55 Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht history, scoring, sources for text and music, translations to various languages, discography, discussion, bach-cantatas website
  • Emmanuel Music
  • Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht, BWV 55 history, scoring, Bach website (German)
  • University of Vermont
  • University of Alberta


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.