World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Insitu Aerosonde

For the Australian manufacturer of UAVs, see Aerosonde Ltd.
Aerosonde Laima (XMQ-19A)
Aerosonde "Laima" in display at Museum of Flight, Seattle, WA
Role UAV
National origin Australia
Manufacturer Aerosonde Ltd, a division of Textron

The Aerosonde is a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) designed to collect weather data, including temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, and wind measurements, over oceans and remote areas. The Aerosonde was developed by Insitu, and is now manufactured by Aerosonde Ltd, which is a strategic business of AAI Corporation. The Aerosonde is powered by a modified Enya R120 model aircraft engine, and carries on board a small computer, meteorological instruments, and a GPS receiver for navigation.

On August 21, 1998, a Phase 1 Aerosonde nicknamed "[3].

The Aereosonde Mark 4.4 has been designated XMQ-19A by the U.S. military.[1]

Specifications (Aerosonde)

General characteristics

  • Crew: None
  • Length: 5 ft 8 in (1.7 m)
  • Wingspan: 9 ft 8 in (2.9 m)
  • Height: 2 ft 0 in (0.60 m)
  • Wing area: 6.1 ft² (0.57 m²)
  • Empty: lb (kg)
  • Loaded: 28.9 lb (13.1 kg)
  • Maximum take-off: lb ( kg)
  • Powerplant: Modified Enya R120 model aircraft engine, 1.74 hp (1280 W)


  • Maximum speed: 90 mph (140 km/h)
  • Range: 1,875 miles (3,000 km)
  • Service ceiling: 15,000 ft (4,500 m)
  • Rate of climb: ft/min ( m/min)
  • Wing loading: 5 lb/ft² (23 kg/m²)
  • Power/Mass: 0.06 hp/lb (98 W/kg)


  • Display information at Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington.
  • G.J. Holland, T. McGeer and H.H. Youngren. Autonomous aerosondes for economical atmospheric soundings anywhere on the globe. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 73(12):1987-1999, December 1992.

Cyclone reconnaissance

  • P-H Lin & C-S Lee. Fly into typhoon Haiyan with UAV Aerosonde. American Meteorological Society conference paper 52113 (2002).
  • NASA Wallops Flight Facility press release: "Aerosonde UAV Completes First Operational Flights at NASA Wallops"

Laima flight

  • Tad McGeer. "Laima: The first Atlantic crossing by unmanned aircraft" (1998)
  • Aerosonde Pty Ltd. press release: "First UAV across the Atlantic"
  • University of Washington, Aeronautics and Astronautics Program, College of Engineering: (Aerosonde project web page)

External links

  • Aerosonde Pty Ltd. web site
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.