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Interstate 95 (New Jersey)

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Interstate 95 (New Jersey)

This article is about the section of Interstate 95 in New Jersey. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 95.

Interstate 95
;">Route information
Maintained by NJDOT, DRJTBC, NJTA, and PANYNJ
Length:
Existed: 1959 – present
;">Trenton section
Length:
South end: Template:Jct/extra I-95 on Scudder Falls Bridge in Ewing Township
Major
junctions:
Template:Jct/extra Route 29 in Ewing Township
Template:Jct/extra Route 31 in Hopewell Township
Template:Jct/extra US 206 in Lawrence Township
North end: Template:Jct/extra I-295 / US 1 in Lawrence Township
;">Main section
Length:
South end: Template:Jct/extra I-276 / Penna. Tpk. on Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge in Burlington Township
Major
junctions:
Template:Jct/extra NJ Tpk. in Mansfield Township
Template:Jct/extra I-195 in Robbinsville Township
Template:Jct/extra I-287 / Route 440 in Edison Township
Template:Jct/extra G.S. Pkwy. / US 9 in Woodbridge Township
Template:Jct/extra I-278 in Linden/Elizabeth
Template:Jct/extra I-78 in Newark
Template:Jct/extra I-280 in Kearny
Template:Jct/extra Route 495 in Secaucus
Template:Jct/extra I-80 in Teaneck Township
Template:Jct/extra Palisades Pkwy. / US 1-9 / US 46 / US 9W in Fort Lee
North end: Template:Jct/extra I-95 / US 1 / US 9 on George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee
;">Western Spur
Length:
South end: Template:Jct/extra I-95 / NJ Tpk. in Newark
Major
junctions:
Template:Jct/extra I-280 in Kearny
Template:Jct/extra Route 3 in East Rutherford
North end: Template:Jct/extra I-95 / NJ Tpk. in Ridgefield
Length:
;">
;">Highway system

New Jersey State Highway Routes
Interstate and US

Interstate 95 (I-95) is a major Interstate Highway that traverses nearly the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Florida to Maine, with the exception of a small gap in New Jersey. In New Jersey, it runs along much of the main line of the New Jersey Turnpike, as well as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension (formerly and still commonly known as the Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector) and the New Jersey Turnpike's northern continuation to the George Washington Bridge, also maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, for a total of 77.96 mi (125.46 km). Located in the northeastern part of the state near New York City, the 11.03-mile (17.75 km) Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike, considered to be Route 95W by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, is also part of I-95. There is also a segment of I-95 to the north of Trenton that is 8.77 mi (14.11 km) and connects the Scudder Falls Bridge to I-295 and U.S. Route 1 (US 1); this is officially Route 95M.

Yet I-95 is discontinuous within New Jersey. From the Pennsylvania direction, I-95 enters New Jersey on the Scudder Falls Bridge and halts at the US 1 interchange, where the freeway turns south as I-295. From the New York direction, I-95 enters New Jersey from the George Washington Bridge and continues south on the New Jersey Turnpike and Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension, where it becomes I-276 at the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge into Pennsylvania. This discontinuation was caused by the cancellation of the Somerset Freeway in 1983, which would have run from the Trenton segment of I-95 in Hopewell Township northeast to I-287 in Piscataway Township. Here, I-95 would follow present-day I-287 to the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison. In order to fill the gap, the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project has started construction of an interchange between the Pennsylvania Turnpike and I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, with I-95 being rerouted to use the Pennsylvania Turnpike to the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge. The current I-95 and I-295 around the north side of Trenton to the new interchange will become an extension of I-195. This interchange is expected to open in 2017.[1]

Route description

Trenton segment

The New Jersey segment of I-95 north of Trenton, officially numbered as Route 95M by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, begins at the Scudder Falls Bridge over the Delaware River in Ewing Township, Mercer County. This bridge is four-lanes wide and is maintained by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.[2] From this point, I-95 continues south into Bucks County, Pennsylvania.[3] Immediately after the river, the freeway comes to the Route 29 interchange that also has a northbound entrance from Route 175.[2] Past this interchange, I-95 becomes maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and widens to six lanes, heading northeast past suburban development containing some farmland. The next interchange along the route provides access to CR 579 and the Trenton-Mercer Airport. After CR 579, the highway passes to the northwest of the airport before coming into Hopewell Township. A cloverleaf interchange with CR 611 also serves the Trenton-Mercer Airport.[2][3] I-95 turns east, passing through Ewing Township again before coming back into Hopewell Township and reaching the Route 31 interchange.[2]

The median of the freeway widens as it runs near suburban residential areas and comes into Lawrence Township. This is where the Somerset Freeway would have begun had it been built. Upon entering Lawrence Township, the median narrows and I-95 has a southbound exit and northbound entrance serving Federal City Road.[2][3] Continuing east, the road reaches a cloverleaf interchange with US 206. After US 206, I-95 comes to a northbound ramp to CR 546 before coming to a partial cloverleaf interchange at CR 583.[2] From this point, the freeway passes commercial areas before reaching a cloverleaf interchange at US 1. This segment of I-95 ends just west of the US 1 interchange and the freeway turns south as I-295, where motorists use I-295 south and I-195 east to access the New Jersey Turnpike and the main segment of I-95 in New Jersey.[2][3][4]

Main segment

New Jersey Turnpike

Main article: New Jersey Turnpike

The main segment of I-95 in New Jersey officially begins at the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge over the Delaware River in Burlington Township, Burlington County, where the road continues west into Pennsylvania as the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276).[5][6] From the river, I-95 follows the six-lane Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike east into New Jersey. This road, which is maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, is not signed as part of I-95 but rather as the New Jersey Turnpike or as I-276 from the mainline New Jersey Turnpike.[7][8] Continuing east through rural areas into Florence Township, the highway has an interchange serving US 130.[5][9] This interchange has a toll plaza on the ramp to southbound I-95. After this interchange, the road comes to a toll barrier that marks the beginning of the turnpike ticket system northbound and the end of the ticket system southbound.[9][10] The Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension crosses into Mansfield Township and crosses under I-295 before merging into the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 6.[5]

At this point, I-95 continues northeast on the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike, still not signed.[5][11] It soon reaches an exit for US 206 in Bordentown Township. Continuing north through mostly rural areas, the road heads into Mercer County and comes to the I-195 interchange in Robbinsville Township. At I-195, the New Jersey Turnpike becomes signed as part of I-95.[12] In East Windsor Township, the road comes to the exit for Route 133/Route 33, located to the east of Hightstown.[5][9] Heading into Middlesex County, development near the highway increases as the road widens into separate lanes for cars and for cars, trucks, and buses.[9][13] At this point, an interchange serves Route 32 in Monroe Township.[5] Continuing north into more dense suburban development, I-95 intersects Route 18 in East Brunswick Township near the city of New Brunswick.[5][9] After crossing the Raritan River, the New Jersey Turnpike heads northeast to the I-287/Route 440 junction in Edison. In Woodbridge Township, the highway comes to a large interchange accessing both the Garden State Parkway and US 9.[5] From this point, the road enters areas of heavy industry and comes to the CR 602 exit in Carteret. In Union County, I-95 comes to the I-278 exit on the border of Linden and Elizabeth at the western approach to the Goethals Bridge. In the northern part of Elizabeth, the New Jersey Turnpike comes to Route 81 which provides access to the Newark Liberty International Airport before the road runs to the east of the airport. After the airport, I-95 intersects I-78 in Newark, Essex County.[5][9] At US 1-9 Truck, the New Jersey Turnpike splits into two alignments and enters the New Jersey Meadowlands.[5][6][9]

The mainline of I-95 officially follows the Eastern Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike, which has exits to I-280 in Kearny, Hudson County and the Secaucus Junction train station and Route 3/Route 495 in Secaucus before reaching the end of the ticket system.[5][10] The Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike is signed as I-95 also but officially known as Route 95W.[14] This road has interchanges serving I-280 in Kearny and Route 3/Route 120 in East Rutherford, Bergen County, the latter serving the Meadowlands Sports Complex.[14][9] The ticket system on the Western Spur ends at a barrier in Carlstadt.[14][10] In Ridgefield, the two segments of the New Jersey Turnpike merge again, with the road continuing north into Ridgefield Park.[5][6]

George Washington Bridge approach

In Ridgefield Park, I-95 continues north as a toll-free highway co-signed with the New Jersey Turnpike and maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[5][15] It has a large interchange serving US 46, part of which was the original northern terminus of the turnpike.[5] From this point, it has the appearance of a local-express lane configuration carrying three local lanes and two express lanes (3-2-2-3) in each direction, but the northbound "express" lane only leads to I-80 west while the northbound local lanes continues as the main trunk of I-95. The road runs near suburban neighborhoods before entering Teaneck and intersecting with the eastern terminus of I-80. From here, I-95 turns northeast and splits into an actual local-express lane configuration with a 3-2-2-3 lane count, soon interchanging with CR 56 as it passes northwest of Overpeck County Park. The highway turns east as it skirts the border between Englewood to the north and Leonia to the south, entering inhabited areas as it has a northbound exit and southbound entrance serving Broad Avenue.[5][9] I-95 makes a turn to the southeast into Fort Lee, and heads due south to Route 4. At this point, I-95 runs in between the travel lanes of Route 4 as the freeway comes to a large interchange with southbound exits and northbound entrances for Route 4, US 1-9, US 46, and a full interchange with the southern terminus of US 9W (where the Turnpike officially ends and the jurisdiction changes from the Turnpike Authority to the Port Authority).[5]

Here, US 1-9 / US 46 all join I-95 and the road continues southeast containing four local lanes and four express lanes in each direction, passing numerous high-rise buildings.[5][9] The road has a southbound exit and northbound entrance to Route 67 from the express lanes before coming to the eastbound-only toll plaza for the George Washington Bridge. Past the toll plaza, there is a southbound exit and northbound entrance for the Palisades Interstate Parkway, also from the express lanes. After the Palisades Interstate Parkway, the road crosses the Hudson River on the George Washington Bridge, which has eight lanes total on the upper deck (the express lanes) and six lanes total on the lower deck (the local lanes).[5]

History

What is now I-95 and I-295 around the northern part of Trenton was first legislated as part of Route 39, a route that was to run from the Yardley-Wilburtha Bridge around Trenton and then south to Hammonton.[16][17] Seven northeastern states from Virginia to Massachusetts including New Jersey proposed a limited-access highway in 1942 called the 7-State Highway; this was never built.[18] The New Jersey State Highway Department proposed Federal Aid Interstate Route 103 in 1956, and it was approved in 1957 by the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR).[19] At that time, the New Jersey Turnpike (main line and Pennsylvania Extension) and George Washington Bridge had been completed; US 46 connected the north end of the New Jersey Turnpike to the bridge.[20][21][22] The BPR approved the planned alignment north of the Trenton area, which would have run generally northeast to exit 9 (Route 18) of the New Jersey Turnpike. From there it would use the New Jersey Turnpike to its north end (exit 18, US 46) and a proposed freeway north to the planned I-80, then head east to the George Washington Bridge. The road was designated as part of I-95 in 1958.[19]

In the 1960s, the I-95 approach to the George Washington Bridge was completed, connecting to I-80 in Teaneck.[23] The portion of I-95 between the north end of the New Jersey Turnpike and I-80 opened in 1971.[24]

Routing through Central New Jersey: Somerset Freeway

The location of I-95 in the Trenton area had not been finalized when the route was first designated. The BPR preferred using the Trenton Freeway (US 1 and Route 174), which was completed to Whitehead Road, but New Jersey and Pennsylvania proposed using the Scudder Falls Bridge and its approach (Route 129), opened in 1961 to Scotch Road (exit 3), due in part to low design standards of the Trenton Freeway. As a result, I-95 was routed to use the Scudder Falls Bridge approach.[23][25] The approach to the Scudder Falls Bridge was extended in 1974, northeast to the planned interchange with the new I-95 freeway, and then east to US 1 as I-295.[25]

From the I-95/I-295 loop around Trenton, the free routing of I-95 in New Jersey, was to divert from the loop between the Route 31 and Federal City Road exits in Hopewell Township. Then, the highway was to intersect CR 546 and US 206 before coming to I-287 in Piscataway Township.[23] There was also meant to be a small connector roughly one mile in length connecting I-95 with I-287 from the north and designated I-695.[26] (The I-695 designation, along with I-95's alignment in Piscataway Township, was dropped when I-695's own alignment became the preferred routing for I-95 to a full 3-way interchange with I-287 in Franklin Township.[27][28])

At this point, the freeway would have continued northeastward through the western parts of Elizabeth and Newark, then terminate at the northern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike at Ridgefield, but it was instead decided to route I-95 along the New Jersey Turnpike through North Jersey.[23][29]

The truncated route, known as the Somerset Freeway, was intended to terminate in Piscataway Township at I-287, and I-95 would have continued east along I-287 until it intersected with the New Jersey Turnpike in Edison Township.[23] Both the Somerset Freeway and I-695 were projected to cost $55 million in 1967, with the cost increasing to $375 million in 1979.[26][30] At this point, residents in Hopewell Township, Princeton, and Montgomery Township raised opposition out of the fear the Somerset Freeway would bring unwanted development to area farmland. The New Jersey Turnpike Authority joined environmental and community groups in opposing the Somerset Freeway, as it would provide a toll-free alternative to the New Jersey Turnpike.[31][32] Due to this opposition, New Jersey Governor Brendan Byrne announced in 1980 that the state would not build the Somerset Freeway.[33] The United States Senate officially cancelled the Somerset Freeway in 1983. As a result of this cancellation, the federal government gave New Jersey $246 million for road projects in the area where the Somerset Freeway was to be built.[32]

The New Jersey Department of Transportation transferred the section of I-95 between the north end of the New Jersey Turnpike and the George Washington Bridge to the New Jersey Turnpike Authority in 1992 in order to balance the state budget, thus incorporating it as part of the mainline Turnpike.[15][34]

In 1995, increasing truck traffic on US 206 and Route 31 motivated officials in Mercer County to have the state reconsider building the Somerset Freeway as a way to alleviate traffic on area roads. This option was ruled out due to a $700 million price tag.[35] Also around this time, I-95 was extended east along I-295 between the site of the Somerset Freeway interchange and US 1 in Lawrence Township. Also, the road was officially extended down the New Jersey Turnpike and Pennsylvania Extension to the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge.[36]

The I-95 gap

Due to the cancellation of the Somerset Freeway, a gap exists on I-95 within New Jersey.[18] I-95 enters New Jersey from Pennsylvania on the Scudder Falls Bridge and heads east to an interchange with US 1 in Lawrence Township, turning into I-295 southbound.[2] Meanwhile, I-95 enters New Jersey from New York on the George Washington Bridge and heads south on the New Jersey Turnpike and Pennsylvania Extension to the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge, becoming I-276 at the state line.[5] Traffic must utilize other roads in order to fill the gap. For traffic running north–south along the Atlantic seaboard bypassing Philadelphia, the discontinuous sections are linked by the remainder of the New Jersey Turnpike (and I-295 over the Delaware Memorial Bridge).[37] Southbound I-95 traffic headed to Delaware is directed to continue south on the New Jersey Turnpike and use the Delaware Memorial Bridge.[12] The same is done in reverse: thru traffic on I-95 near Wilmington, Delaware is pointed to New Jersey and New York City via the Delaware Memorial Bridge and the New Jersey Turnpike.[38] Meanwhile, traffic from Pennsylvania and Trenton is directed via I-295 and I-195.[4]

In order to close this gap in I-95, an interchange is planned between I-95 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. The interchange was first planned in the 1980s after the Somerset Freeway was cancelled, making I-95 discontinuous.[39] As a result of this project, I-95 will be rerouted from its current alignment in Pennsylvania at the interchange to the easternmost part of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, replacing I-276 between the interchange and the Delaware River at the Delaware River-Turnpike Toll Bridge. In addition, I-195 will be extended westward from its current western terminus and around the north side of Trenton on present-day I-295 and I-95 to the new interchange. Originally, I-295 was to be extended around Trenton on the current I-95 to the new interchange, but I-195 was chosen instead.[40] Construction on the interchange is expected to start in 2010 with completion in 2017.[4]


Exit list

Trenton segment

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Main segment

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See also

References

External links

Template:AttachedKML
  • PDF)
    • An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the Fort Lee approaches to the George Washington Bridge
    • An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the confluence of 95M, NJ 29 and NJ 175 in Ewing Township
  • Rose, Joel. "NPR, 2010-08-21.
  • History of the Interstate 95 "Missing Link" of central New Jersey
  • The Roads of Metro New York - New Jersey Turnpike (I-95)
  • The Roads of Metro New York - Interstate 95 (Trenton Section)
  • Exitlists.com Interstate 95
  • Speed Limits for New Jersey State Roads: Interstate 95


Interstate 95
Previous state:
Pennsylvania
New Jersey Next state:
New York
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