World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Benjamin Aswell

Article Id: WHEBN0005553766
Reproduction Date:

Title: James Benjamin Aswell  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: John H. Overton, Albert Estopinal, 72nd United States Congress, United States House of Representatives elections, 1926, United States House of Representatives elections, 1928
Collection: 1869 Births, 1931 Deaths, American Academics, American Educators, Burials at Rock Creek Cemetery, Democratic Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Louisiana Democrats, Louisiana Lawyers, Louisiana State Superintendents of Education, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Louisiana, Peabody College Alumni, People from Jackson Parish, Louisiana, People from Natchitoches, Louisiana, Politicians from Natchitoches, Louisiana, Presidents of Louisiana Tech University, Presidents of Northwestern State University, University of Arkansas Alumni, University of Arkansas School of Law Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

James Benjamin Aswell

James Benjamin Aswell
Aswell as president of Louisiana Tech University c. 1904
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1913 – March 16, 1931
Preceded by New 8th district created
Succeeded by John H. Overton
President of Louisiana Tech University
In office
1900–1904
Preceded by W. C. Robinson
Succeeded by W. E. Taylor
Louisiana Superintendent of Education
In office
1904–1908
Succeeded by T. H. Harris
President of Northwestern State University
In office
1908–1911
Personal details
Born (1869-12-23)December 23, 1869
Vernon, Jackson Parish, Louisiana, USA
Died March 16, 1931(1931-03-16) (aged 61)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)

Mary Lee Wright Aswell

Ella Foster Aswell
Children

Corinne Aswell ___

James B. Aswell, Jr.
Alma mater

Peabody College
University of Nashville (defunct)
University of Arkansas

University of Arkansas School of Law
Occupation Educator; Attorney; Politician
Aswell as the representative of Louisiana's 8th congressional district

James Benjamin Aswell, Sr. (December 23, 1869 – March 16, 1931), was a prominent educator and a Democratic U.S. representative from Louisiana, who served from 1913 until his death, which occurred twelve days into his tenth term.

Life and career

Aswell was born in the Vernon community in rural Jackson Parish in north Louisiana to Benjamin W. Aswell and the former Elizabeth A. Lyles. He attended local schools and graduated with teaching credentials in 1892 from Peabody College, a division of Vanderbilt University (then Peabody Normal College) in Nashville, Tennessee. In 1893, he received the Bachelor of Arts degree from the former University of Nashville. In 1894, he received his Master of Arts degree from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville; in 1907, he obtained his law degree from the same institution. He was twice married: (1) to the former Mary Lee Wright by whom he had his daughter Corinne, and (2) to the former Ella Foster of Mineral Wells, Texas, and thereafter Shreveport, by whom he had his son, James B. Aswell, Jr. (1906–1955), an author based in Natchitoches.

Aswell began his educational career as a teacher in country schools and high schools. He was a state school administrator before he was tapped from 1900 to as the public schools. From 1908 to 1911, Aswell was the president of Northwestern State University (then Louisiana State Normal School) in Natchitoches.

Aswell resigned as the Northwestern president to run unsuccessfully for governor in the 1911 Democratic primary. He was defeated by Luther E. Hall, who served in the state's highest office from 1912-1916.

Thereafter, Aswell was elected to the U.S. House in 1912 from the newly created 8th congressional district, based about Natchitoches and Alexandria. The district was abolished effective with the 1992 congressional elections. Aswell was reelected nine times. He served during the administrations of U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert C. Hoover. During the 1920s, he was the ranking minority member of the House Agriculture Committee. He worked with the Louisiana naturalist Caroline Dormon to establish the Kisatchie National Forest in his district. He was a strong opponent of Republican President Hoover, whom many Democrats blamed for the Great Depression, which had barely begun when Aswell died. Hoover nevertheless signed Aswell's legislation to designate the Kisatchie Forest. Aswell tried to pass various "drought-relief" measures in the House even before the Dust Bowl in the Great Plains states.

In the 1928 presidential election between Governor Al Smith of New York and Herbert Hoover, Aswell spoke on KWKH radio in Shreveport against Hoover's support for desegregation of the American South. The speech was prompted by allegations made by Governor Theodore Bilbo of Mississippi that Hoover in 1927 had danced with Mary Booze, the first African-American member of the Republican National Committee. The questionable rendezvous supposedly occurred when Hoover, as United States Secretary of Commerce, visited Mound Bayou, Mississippi, while touring damage from the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927. Bilbo referred to Booze as "a negress."[1] Hoover's southern supporters, most of them business-oriented Democrats, pointed in reply to racial intermarriage which occurred in Smith's New York.[2][3]

At the time of his death, Aswell was the dean of the Louisiana congressional delegation. He left an unfinished novel White Sheep based on the politics of Louisiana Governor and U.S. Senator Huey Pierce Long, Jr.

He died in Washington, D.C., and is interred there in Rock Creek Cemetery. Aswell Hall on the Louisiana Tech campus honors his memory. His papers are deposited in the archives of Northwestern State University. Monnie T. Cheves, an NSU professor who served in the Louisiana House of Representatives from Natchitoches Parish from 1952 to 1960, wrote in 1936 The educational and political career of James Benjamin Aswell, a master's thesis through Louisiana State University.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Theodore G. Bilbo of Mississippi".  
  2. ^ Stephen D. Zink, "Cultural Conflict and the 1928 Presidential Campaign in Louisiana", Southern Studies (Summer 1978), p. 180.
  3. ^ Billy Hathorn, The Republican Party in Louisiana, 1920-1980, (Natchitoches: Northwestern State University, 1980), p. 15
  4. ^ "Cheeves, Monnie T. (1902-1988)". worldcat.org. Retrieved September 9, 2014. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
First member from new district
United States Representative for the 8th Congressional District of Louisiana

James Benjamin Aswell, Sr.
1913–1931

Succeeded by
John H. Overton
Preceded by
W. C. Robinson
3rd President of Louisiana Tech University in Ruston, Louisiana
1913–1931
Succeeded by
W. E. Taylor
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.