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James William Johnston

James William Johnston
Portrait of Johnston by Henry Sandham
3rd Premier of Nova Scotia
In office
1857–1860
Preceded by William Young
Succeeded by William Young
In office
1863–1864
Preceded by Joseph Howe
Succeeded by Charles Tupper
Personal details
Born (1792-08-29)29 August 1792
Jamaica
Died 21 November 1873(1873-11-21) (aged 81)
Cheltenham, England

James W. Johnston (29 August 1792 – 21 November 1873) was a Nova Scotia lawyer and politician. He served as Premier of the colony from 1857 to 1860 and again from 1864. He was also Government Leader prior to the granting of responsible government in 1848. He was a Conservative and supporter of Confederation. Johnston was a descendant of Loyalists who fled the United States during the revolutionary war. Johnston was a member of the Tory establishment in Nova Scotia. In 1837 he was appointed to the Legislative Council and while he sometimes supported reform, he was generally a critic and opponent of responsible government and the introduction of party government.

House of Assembly, Province House, Joseph Howe (left) and James William Johnston (right), both paintings by Henry Sandham

In 1843 he left the Legislative Council to run for the elected legislative assembly and became government leader because of the support of moderate members who opposed the "extremism" of Joseph Howe but were willing to make some concessions.

He lost power when responsible government was instituted in 1848 but continued as leader of what became the Conservative Party and served as Premier from 1857 to 1860 and again from 1863 to 1864 before being appointed to the bench.

Johnston was an early supporter of Canadian confederation seeing it as a means of correcting the failings of responsible government.

Legacy

  • J W Johnston building Halifax

References

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