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John Nevins Andrews

John Nevins Andrews
Born July 22, 1829
United StatesPoland, Maine
Died October 21, 1883 (Aged 54)
Switzerland Basel, Switzerland
Occupation President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Minister, Missionary
Spouse(s) Angeline Stevens
Children 4
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John Nevins Andrews (July 22, 1829 in Poland, Maine – October 21, 1883 in Basel, Switzerland), was a Seventh-day Adventist minister, the first official Seventh-day Adventist missionary, writer, editor, and scholar. Andrews University is named after him.[1]

Biography

Born in Poland, Maine in 1829, Andrews became a Millerite in February 1843 and began to observe the seventh-day Sabbath in 1845.[2] He met James White and Ellen G. White in September 1849. Later, the Whites boarded with the Andrews family.

In 1850 he began itinerant pastoral ministry in New England and ordained in 1853. A fervent anti-Trinitarian, Andrews played a pivotal role in the establishment of Adventist theology. Among his more memorable achievements in Adventist prophetic interpretation, was identifying the two-horned beast of Revelation as the United States of America.[3]

On October 29, 1856, Andrews married Angeline Stevens (1824–1872) in Waukon, Iowa, where the Andrews and Stevens families had recently moved.[2] In June 1859 a conference in Battle Creek voted that Andrews should assist J. N. Loughborough in tent evangelism in Michigan. He returned to Iowa in the fall of 1860. During these years their first two children were born: Charles (b. 1857) and Mary (b. 1861) and wrote the first edition of his most famous book, The History of the Sabbath and the First Day of the Week (Battle Creek Steam Press, 1859).

In June 1862 John left Waukon to work with the evangelistic tent in New York and assisted in the founding of the New York Conference. In February 1863 Angeline and their two children moved from Iowa to join him in New York. Two more children were born to John and Angelina while in New York, both of whom died in infancy from tuberculosis. In 1864, John was chosen as the denominational representative to the Provost Marshall General in Washington, D.C., to secure recognition for the church as noncombatants. On May 14, 1867 Andrews was elected the third president of the General Conference (until May 18, 1869) after which he became editor of the Review and Herald (1869–1870), now the Adventist Review.

In 1872 Angeline died from a stroke. John moved to South Lancaster, Massachusetts, where the children could stay with the Harris family. Two years later, John, along with his two surviving children, Charles and Mary, were sent as the first official Seventh-day Adventist missionaries to Europe. Andrews helped start a publishing house in Switzerland and an Adventist periodical in French, Les Signes des Temps (1876). In 1878 Mary caught tuberculosis and died soon after arriving for treatment at the Battle Creek Sanitarium.

Legacy

Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan, was named after him in 1960, as well as John Nevins Andrews School,[4] in 1907, which is located in Takoma Park, Maryland. In 1993 a sculpture of Andrews was unveiled in front of the Andrews University Pioneer Memorial Church.[5] In 2005 the papers of J. N. Andrews were donated by descendants to the Center for Adventist Research.[6]

Bibliography

  • Review of the Remarks of O.R.L. Crozier on the institution, design, and abolition of the Sabbath (1853)
  • History of the Sabbath and First Day of the Week (1861, 2nd edition 1873, 3rd edition 1887, 4th edition with L. R. Conradi 1912)
  • Samuel and the Witch of Endor, or, The Sin of Witchcraft (186-?)
  • The Sanctuary and Twenty-Three Hundred Days (1872)
  • The Complete Testimony of the Fathers of the First Three Centuries Concerning the Sabbath and First Day (1873, 2nd edition 1876)
  • Sermon on the Two Covenants (1875)
  • Three Messages of Revelation 14:6-12 (1877)
  • The Sunday Seventh-day Theory; an Examination of the Teachings of Mede, Jennings, Akers, and Fuller (1884)
  • The Judgement, its Events and their Order (1890)
  • The Sabbath and the Law (1890?)

Further reading

  • J.N. Andrews: Flame for the Lord a biography by Virgil Robinson

See also

References

External links

  • Online Document Archives, contains articles by J.N. Andrews
  • Andrews University
  • Andrews Study Bible
Preceded by
James White
President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
1867–1869
Succeeded by
James White
Preceded by
Uriah Smith
Editor of the Adventist Review
1869–1870
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith

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