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Joseph Horace Eaton

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Joseph Horace Eaton

Joseph Horace Eaton
Joseph H. Eaton
Born (1815-10-12)October 12, 1815
Salem, Massachusetts
Died January 20, 1896(1896-01-20) (aged 80)
Portland, Oregon
Place of burial River View Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1835–1881
Rank Brevet Brigadier General
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War
Other work Artist

Joseph Horace Eaton (October 12, 1815 – January 20, 1896) was an American artist and a career officer in the United States Army (Regular Army) who served as a brevet brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life

Eaton was born in Salem, Massachusetts. He graduated from West Point in 1835. During the Mexican-American War he was an aide to Gen. Zachary Taylor and was twice promoted and cited for gallantry, first at the Battle of Monterey and then at the Battle of Buena Vista. Following the Mexican War, Eaton was stationed on the frontier where he painted a series of landscapes in New Mexico in the 1850s. Those paintings are highly sought after by art collectors and museums today and even Eaton's autograph is sold at auction.[1] Among his most important watercolors are Don Fernandez de Taos and Canoncito Bonito.[2]

Civil War

At the start of the American Civil War, Eaton was aide-de-camp and military secretary to Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont and was paymaster of the Department of Kansas.[3] He later was stationed in Washington, D.C., where he was assistant U.S. paymaster. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, USA, in 1865.

Postbellum career

After the Civil War Eaton was assigned to Fort Vancouver where he was the Army's Chief Paymaster of the Department of the Columbia until his retirement in 1881. The son of Dr. Joseph Eaton, he married the former Susan Blaney in 1845. He died in Portland, Oregon, and is buried in River View Cemetery.

See also


  1. ^ History for Sale
  2. ^ The Athenaum
  3. ^ Eicher, p. 222.


  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • American Civil War General Officers
  • The Athenaum
  • The Artists Blue Book

External links

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