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Kellogg, Idaho

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Title: Kellogg, Idaho  
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Subject: Shoshone County, Idaho, Robert Blackwill, Bunker Hill Mine and Smelting Complex, Silverhorn, Kellogg
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Kellogg, Idaho

Kellogg, Idaho
City
Uptown Kellogg from McKinley Ave.
Uptown Kellogg from McKinley Ave.
Motto: "Founded by a jackass and inhabited by his descendants."
Location of Kellogg in Idaho
Location of Kellogg in Idaho
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Idaho
County Shoshone
Government
 • Mayor Mac Pooler
Area[1]
 • Total 4.01 sq mi (10.39 km2)
 • Land 3.96 sq mi (10.26 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 2,303 ft (702 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,120
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,110
 • Density 535.4/sq mi (206.7/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 83837
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-42580
GNIS feature ID 0396733
Website cityofkellogg.com

Kellogg is a city in the Silver Valley of Shoshone County, Idaho, United States, in the Idaho Panhandle region. The city lies near the Coeur d'Alene National Forest and about 36 miles (58 km) east-southeast of Coeur d'Alene along Interstate 90. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 2,120, down by a third from its population in 1980.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Sunshine Mine 1.1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Popular culture 4
  • Climate 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

Kellogg is named after a prospector named Noah Kellogg. Legend has it that his donkey wandered off during the morning of September 4, 1885; Kellogg found the animal at a large outcropping of galena, which became the site of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mines; those mines led to the founding of Kellogg, a city where a local sign reads "This is the town founded by a jackass and inhabited by his descendants." Noah Kellogg is buried in the city's cemetery.

Pyromorphite specimen from the Bunker Hill Mine

After nearly a century of bustling activity in the mines, including a history of disputes between union miners and mine owners, the Bunker Hill Mine (& smelter) closed in 1981, leaving thousands out of work and a history of lead contamination. Other mines reduced operations, as well. Since the mines have closed, Kellogg has been moving more towards a resort town as the development of new condos, hotels, restaurants, shops, a water park, and a new golf course continues at the base of the Silver Mountain Gondola. Kellogg was featured in the New York Times travel section as an up-and-coming resort town.[4]

The Silver Mountain Resort is a ski resort which includes Kellogg Peak at 6,300 feet (1,920 m) and Wardner Peak (6,200 feet (1,890 m)) and is accessed by taking the world's longest single-cabin gondola 3.1 miles (5.0 km) from the city of Kellogg to the lodge at 5,700 feet (1,737 m) on Kellogg Mountain.

Sunshine Mine

In May 1972, the Sunshine Mine of Kellogg was the site of one of the worst U.S. mining accidents, resulting in the deaths of 91 miners; as a result, every miner in the U.S. now carries a "self-rescuer" (a breathing apparatus made with hopcalite and much simpler than a SCBA), which gives the miner a chance to avoid death due to carbon monoxide poisoning. Eight days after the fire started, two men emerged from the mine. They were found on the 4800 ft (1463 m) level of the mine near a fresh air source. All others trapped in the mine had died.

Sunshine Mine remained open until February 16, 2001, producing 360 million troy ounces (11,000,000 kg) of silver. As of 2005 Sterling Mining has plans to continue exploration and development of the mine, exercising an option the company purchased in 2003.

Geography

Kellogg is located at (47.538391, -116.125406),[5] at an elevation of 2,303 feet (702 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.01 square miles (10.39 km2), of which, 3.96 square miles (10.26 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,120 people, 903 households, and 526 families residing in the city. The population density was 535.4 inhabitants per square mile (206.7/km2). There were 1,202 housing units at an average density of 303.5 per square mile (117.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 0.4% African American, 2.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 903 households of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 2,395 people, 1,023 households, and 603 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,235.1 people per square mile (476.7/km²). There were 1,239 housing units at an average density of 639.0 per square mile (246.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.70% White, 0.13% African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 1,023 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $25,898, and the median income for a family was $32,260. Males had a median income of $29,214 versus $17,391 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,274. About 17.3% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Popular culture

The town was mentioned in an episode of Blue Collar TV featuring comedians Jeff Foxworthy, Bill Engvall, and Larry the Cable Guy. The show parodied CSI: Miami into CSI: Kellogg, Idaho.

Climate

Climate data for Kellogg, Idaho (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 35.7
(2.1)
41.6
(5.3)
49.5
(9.7)
58.6
(14.8)
67.5
(19.7)
74.6
(23.7)
82.6
(28.1)
82.6
(28.1)
72.2
(22.3)
58.4
(14.7)
42.7
(5.9)
35.3
(1.8)
58.4
(14.7)
Average low °F (°C) 20.9
(−6.2)
24.0
(−4.4)
28.8
(−1.8)
33.9
(1.1)
40.5
(4.7)
46.5
(8.1)
50.2
(10.1)
49.4
(9.7)
41.7
(5.4)
33.4
(0.8)
28.1
(−2.2)
21.9
(−5.6)
34.9
(1.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.89
(98.8)
2.96
(75.2)
3.03
(77)
2.57
(65.3)
2.79
(70.9)
2.23
(56.6)
1.43
(36.3)
1.38
(35.1)
1.69
(42.9)
2.25
(57.2)
4.24
(107.7)
4.31
(109.5)
32.77
(832.5)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [9]

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ Preusch, Mathew (January 18, 2008). "A Mining Town With a Bleak Past Starts to Blossom". The New York Times. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  9. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF).  

Further reading

  • Brock, James. The Sunshine Mine Disaster. Moscow: U of Idaho P, 1995.
  • Conley, Cort. Idaho for the Curious. Cambridge: Backeddy, 1982, 457-487.
  • Olsen, Gregg. The Deep Dark: Disaster and Redemption in America's Richest Silver Mine. New York: Three Rivers, 2006.
  • Weston, Julie Whitesel, "The Good Times Are All Gone Now: Life, Death and Rebirth in an Idaho Mining Town." (University of Oklahoma Press, 2009).

External links

  • Official website - City of Kellogg
  • Chamber of Commerce - Silver Valley Chamber of Commerce
  • Shoshone News Press - county newspaper
  • University of Idaho Library - various images of early Kellogg
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