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Kingdom of Nekor

Kingdom of Nekor
Tageldit n Ennkor إمارة النكور

710–1019
Capital Temsaman
Nekor
Languages Berber
Religion Islam
Government Monarchy
King
 •  710-749 Salih I ibn Mansur
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Established 710
 •  Disestablished 1019

The Kingdom of Nekor (Berber: Tageldit n Ennkor) was an emirate in the Rif area of modern-day Morocco, with its capital initially at Temsaman but later at Nekor. It was founded by an immigrant of Tunisia, Salih I ibn Mansur al-Himyarī in 710 AD, by Caliphal grant. He converted the local Berber tribes to Islam; they soon tired of the restrictions of the religion, and deposed him in favor of a person known as az-Zaydi from the Nafza tribe, but then changed their mind and took him back, and his dynasty, the Banū Sālih, ruled the region until 1019.

In 859 the kingdom became subject to a 62 ship-strong group of Vikings who defeated a Moorish force in Nekor that had attempted to interfere with their plunderings in the area. After staying for eight days in Morocco, the Vikings went back to Spain and continued up the east coast.[1]

This kingdom comprised part of the Moroccan Rif and included the tribes of Zouagha and Djeraoua of Ibn Abī l-ʻAys, about five days' journey from Nekor, bordering on the territory of the Matmata, Kebdana, Mernissa, Ghassasa of Mt. Herek and Quluʻ Jarra belonging to the Banū Urtendi. On the west, it extended to the Banū Marwan of Ghomara and the Banū Humayd and bordered the Mestassa and Senhaja. Behind these lay the Awraba, the band of Ferhun, the Banū Walīd, the Zenata, the Banū Irnian and the Banū Merasen of the band of Qāsim, Lord of Sa. In the north, it was bounded by the sea, some five miles from Nekor.

Banū Salih rulers

Thenceforth, the kingdom remained in his line until the Azdâji emir Ya'la ibn Futuh conquered it in 1019 and expelled the family.

All dates are converted from Hijri, and may be up to a year out. This is largely based on Ibn Khaldun, whose account is itself based on al-Bakri.

See also

References

  1. ^ Northvegr - A History of the Vikings
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