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Kurt Bühligen

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Kurt Bühligen

Kurt Bühligen
Kurt Bühligen
Born (1917-12-13)13 December 1917
Granschütz, Province of Saxony
Died 11 August 1985(1985-08-11) (aged 67)
Nidda, Hesse
Buried at City cemetery at Nidda (Section D, Grave 42)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1936–45
Rank Oberstleutnant
Unit JG 2
Commands held 4./JG 2, II./JG 2, JG 2
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Kurt Bühligen (13 December 1917 – 11 August 1985) was a German World War II flying ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1936 until early 1945. Credited with downing 112 enemy aircraft, he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.

Military career

He initially joined the Luftwaffe as a mechanic, before transferring to flying training during 1938–39. In July 1940 he was posted to Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2) as an Unteroffizier pilot.

Bühligen claimed his first aerial victory — a Hawker Hurricane over Kent — on 4 September 1940 and was awarded the Ritterkreuz a year later after 20 further claims.

In December 1942 Bühligen served with II./JG 2 in Tunisia and North Africa, claiming some 40 Allied kills before returning to Europe in March 1943. By March 1944 he had scored 96 kills and was now a Major in command of II./JG 2. After 12 more kills Bühligen led JG 2 in carrying out operations against the Soviet advance on the Eastern Front. In early 1945, now Geschwaderkommodore of JG 2, an engine failure caused Bühligen to be taken prisoner by the Soviets, being finally released in 1950.

He shot down some 112 enemy aircraft in over 700 operations, becoming the fourth highest Luftwaffe scorer against the Western Allies. All his victories were claimed over the Western Front and North Africa and included 47 Spitfires and 46 United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) victims; 13 P-38, 9 P-47 and 24 four-engine bombers. He was never shot down but had to make emergency landings on 3 occasions. His final command was Geschwaderkommodore of the JG 2 fighter wing.

Awards

Notes

  1. ^ According to Scherzer in the 4./JG 2[5]

References

Citations
  1. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 38.
  2. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 67.
  3. ^ a b MacLean 2007, p. 89.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 148.
  5. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 250.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 88.
Bibliography

External links

  • "Lexikon der Wehrmacht". Kurt Bühlingen. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 
  • "Ritterkreuzträger 1939–45". Kurt Bühligen. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Major Kurt Ubben
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 2 Richthofen
April 28, 1944 – May 8, 1945
Succeeded by
none
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