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La Senia Airfield

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La Senia Airfield

Es-Sénia - Ben Bella Airport
مطار السانية وهران
IATA: ORNICAO: DAOO
ORN
ORN
Location of airport in Algeria
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator EGSA Alger
Serves Oran
Location Es Sénia, Algeria
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 90 m / 295 ft
Coordinates 35°37′17.7″N 0°37′23.7″W / 35.621583°N 0.623250°W / 35.621583; -0.623250 (Es Sénia Airport (Ouahran))Coordinates: 35°37′17.7″N 0°37′23.7″W / 35.621583°N 0.623250°W / 35.621583; -0.623250 (Es Sénia Airport (Ouahran))

Website www.egsaoran.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,060 10,039 Concrete
07R/25L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
Sources: Algerian AIP [1] and DAFIF [2][3] Landings.com[4]

Es-Sénia - Ben Bella Airport (Arabic: مطار السانية / وهران‎) (IATA: ORNICAO: DAOO) is an airport located 4.7 nm (8.7 km) south of Oran, near Es Sénia, in Algeria.

History

During World War II, La Sénia Airport was first used by the French Air Force as a military airfield, first by the Armée de l'Air, and after June 1940, by the Armistice Air Force (French: Armée de l'Air de Vichy) of the Vichy government.

During the Operation Torch landings in 1942, La Sénia was one of the primary objectives of the assault on Oran on 9 November. A paratroop task force was to be directly seize La Sénia, with an armored task force to thrust inland to insure the capture of the field. Just after daylight, eight Albacore dive bombers from H.M.S. Furious and six Hurricane fighter escorts from each of the two auxiliary carriers swung back over La Sénia airfield in broad daylight to be greeted by strong antiaircraft fire and Vichy fighters. The airfield was attacked in response by six 250-pound general-purpose bombs with which it accurately struck and wrecked the empty hangars on the northwestern side of the airdrome, inflicting destruction which was later to be regretted. In the ensuing dogfights, five Dewoitine 520 French fighters were claimed shot down and others damaged. A second attack on La Sénia airfield were delivered a few minutes later by ten Seafires from H.M.S. Furious in low-level strafing runs against grounded planes and antiaircraft batteries. Again Vichy French fighters contested the action. The Vichy fighters, however only defended the airfield vicinity and did not oppose the ground forces landing at Oran Harbor. The planned air assault against the airfield was redirected, and the airfield was captured by Company B, of the 1st Armored Regiment about 1000, after many Vichy Aircraft already flown off, presumably to French Morocco. A few remained dispersed on the ground or in the hangars.[5]

After its capture, the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield during the North African Campaign. The following units were assigned to the base in 1942 and 1943:[6][7]

Once the combat units moved east to other airfields in Algeria and Tunisia during the late spring of 1943, the airfield came under the control of Air Transport Command, under which it functioned as a stopover en route to Algiers airport or to Port Lyautey Airfield, in French Morocco on the North African CairoDakar transport route for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel.[7][8]

Expansion

Andrade Gutierrez, a Brazilian company has won a contract to construct a new runway in Oran Airport, located in the second largest city in Algeria. The construction was estimated to cost EUR 20 million. Oran has a population of around 650,000. Being the second largest city in the country, Oran is an important industrial, educational and cultural centre. The construction work at Oran airport is the second contract won by the company in Algeria. The new 9,843 feet long runway 07R/25L has been operational since 12 February 2009.[9]

Airlines and destinations

References

External links

  • NWS
  • Aviation Safety Network

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