World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Land Ordinance of 1784

Article Id: WHEBN0018399250
Reproduction Date:

Title: Land Ordinance of 1784  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Continental Congress, Northwest Ordinance, Thomas Jefferson, Pittsburgh/On this day/April 23, Fugitive slave laws
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Land Ordinance of 1784

The Ordinance of 1784 (enacted April 23, 1784) called for the land in the recently created United States of America west of the Appalachian Mountains, north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River to be divided into separate states.

It was adopted by the United States Congress under the Articles of Confederation.

Thomas Jefferson was the principal author. His original draft of the ordinance contained five important articles:[1]

  • The new states shall remain forever a part of the United States of America.
  • They shall bear the same relation to the confederation as the original states.
  • They shall pay their apportionment of the federal debts.
  • They shall in their governments uphold republican forms.
  • After the year 1800 there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of them.

At the time slavery prevailed throughout much more than half the lands of Europe. Following an impulse from his own mind, Jefferson designed the ordinance to establish from end to end of the whole country a north and south line, at which the westward extension of slavery should be stayed by an impassable bound. On exactly the ninth anniversary of the fight at Concord and Lexington,

To the friends who visited him in the last period of his life, he delighted to renew these aspirations of his earlier years. In a letter written just 45 days before his death, he refers to the ordinance of 1784, saying: "My sentiments have been forty years before the public: although I shall not live to see them consummated, they will not die with me; but, living or dying, they will ever be in my most fervent prayer."

The ordinance passed without the 5th clause despite Jefferson's wishes, and was in force for 3 years. The ordinance was further augmented with the Land Ordinance of 1785, and superseded by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Report from the Committee for the Western Territory to the United States Congress". Envisaging the West: Thomas Jefferson and the Roots of Lewis and Clark.  

External links

Sources

  • George Bancroft History of the Formation of the Constitution of the United States of America, Volume 1, (New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1885) p. 157-158
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.