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List of Palatine locomotives and railbuses

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Title: List of Palatine locomotives and railbuses  
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Subject: Neustadt/Weinstrasse Railway Museum, Palatine T 5, Palatine L 2, Palatine Pts 2/2, Palatine Pts 3/3 H, Palatine L 1, Palatine P 3.1, Palatine T 4.II, Palatine T 4.I
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List of Palatine locomotives and railbuses

This list gives an overview of the locomotives and railbuses of the Palatinate Railway (Pfalzbahn) and the Palatine network of the Royal Bavarian State Railways (Königlich Bayerische Staats-Eisenbahnen).

The Palatinate (Pfalz) is a region in south-western Germany that became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816, even though it was geographically separate. Its union with Bavaria was not dissolved until the reorganisation of German states after World War II during the occupation of Germany. The Palatinate Railway was a private railway concern formed on 1 January 1870. It was nationalised on 1 January 1909, with its 870 kilometres of track, and went into the Royal Bavarian State Railways.


Palatine locomotives were numbered in sequence as well as given names. On being retired, the numbers freed up were reused for newly delivered locomotives. Pontoon locomotives(Schiffsbrückenlokomotiven), as well as engines employed on secondary (Sekundärbahn) and narrow gauge lines used their own numbering scheme with roman numerals.

The allocation of names was stopped in 1904, because the purchase of the railway by the Bavarian state was approaching. Only four locomotives delivered after that were given names: three P 4s and an L 1. The names chosen were based mainly on towns, castles, rivers and mountains in the Palatinate. The use of names from myths from classical antiquity remained Episode. The special importance of express train locomotives was stressed by naming them after Bavarian monarchs, as well as important people in the Bavarian government and managers of the Palatinate Railway.

The introduction of a classification scheme was first achieved in the Palatinate Railway in 1898. Four main groups were created:

  • P - Passenger and express train locomotives (Personen- und Schnellzuglokomotiven) (including tank engines used for these duties)
  • G - Goods train locomotives (Güterzuglokomotiven)
  • T - Tank locomotives (Tenderlokomotiven) for mixed duties
  • L - Narrow gauge locomotives for branch lines (Tenderlokomotiven für Lokalbahnen)

An Arabic numeral followed the class letter to distinguish between the individual locomotive classes. A superscripted roman numeral indicated a sub-class. The Palatine class designations were only used on paper and not written on the locomotives themselves.

On the transfer of the Palatine railway network to the Bavarian state railways in 1909 the Bavarian classification system was adopted for new locomotives. Older locomotives however kept their original designations. New locomotives built for the Palatine network continued to receive the range of numbers associated with the Palatinate Railway.

Steam Locomotives

Early Locomotives for All Types of Train

Class Railway number(s) Quantity Year(s) of Manufacture Axle arrangement (UIC) Remarks
None 1–8 (de) 8 1846–1847 1A1 n2 Passenger train locomotives, supplied by Kessler and Maffei
None 9–20 (de) 12 1846–1847 1B n2 Goods train locomotives, supplied by Kessler, Maffei and Regnier (B)
None 21 (de) 1 1851 1A1 n2 Passenger train locomotive KOENIG LUDWIG (King Ludwig), with Kessler-patented Bassgeigenkessel ('double-bass boiler')

None of the locomotives was given an operating number by the Deutsche Reichsbahn.

Passenger and Express Train Locomotives

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Axle arrangement Remarks
None 26–29 (de) 4 1853 2A n2 Fast stopping train (Eilzug) Crampton locomotives, supplied by Maffei (Nos. 26–29) and Esslingen (Nos. 36…63)
None 36–41, 46–49, 60–63 (de) 14 1855–1863 2A n2
P 1I (de) 88–95, 118–138 (34 7401–34 7402) 29 1870–1874 1B n2
P 1II (de) 154–159 (34 7451) 6 1876 1B n2
P 1III (de) 1(II)…28(II),
(34 7411–34 7415) 9 1880–1884 1B n2
P 2I (de) 26(II)…63(II),
(35 7001–35 7020) 22 1891–1896 1′B1 n2
P 3I 93(II), 119(II),
14 101–14 105 12 1898–1904 2′B1′ n2i Originally with inside cylinders; converted in 1913/14 to 2′B1′ n4v
P 3II (de) 263 (14 121) 1 1900 2′(a)B1′ n2v Express train locomotive DR. v. CLEMM;
Raisable 'dolly axle' (Vorspannachse) removed in 1902
P 4 (de) 133(II),
286–291, 302–305
(14 151–14 161) 11 1905–1906 2′B1′ h4v Originally with Pielock superheater; removed after 1908 to 2′B1′ n4v due to unreliability
S 3/6 341–350 18 425–18 434 10 1914 2′C1′ h4v So-called 'Palatine S 3/6' (Pfälzer S 3/6)

Goods Train Locomotives

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Axle arrangement (UIC)Axle Remarks
G 1I (de) 22–25 4 1853 1B n2 Goods train locomotives, supplied by Maffei;
Classification questionable because locomotives had already been retired when it was introduced
G 1II (de) 30–35, 42–45 10 1855 1B n2
G 1III (de) 50–59, 64–69 16 1859–1867 1B n2
G 1IV (de) 74–87 14 1869–1870 B n2
G 2I (de) 6(II)-8(II), 10(II)-12(II),
96–117, 139–151
(53 7801–53 7821) 41 1871–1876 C n2 As Bavarian C III, yet without steamdome and Stephenson (not Alan) steering
G 2II (de) 9(II)…25(II),
(53 7991–52 8009) 22 1884–1892 C n2 Similar to the Bavarian C IV Zw
G 3 (de) 30(II)…72(II),
(55 7001–55 7006) 6 1887–1888 D n2 Bought from Sharp, Stewart & Co. from bankruptcy assets of the Swedish-Norwegian Railway, working in 1892; identical in design to the Baden VIII b
G 4I (de) 209–220, 231–245 55 7201–55 7215 27 1898–1899 D n2
G 4II (de) 198–199 (55 7102) 2 1896 B′B n4v Articulated Mallet locomotive; identical in design to the Bavarian BB I
G 4III (de) 200–201 2 1896 1′D n4v Four-cylinder, Sondermann compound, converted to 1′D n2 in 1900; identical in design to the Bavarian E I
G 5 (de) 74(II)…87(II),
55 5901–55 5922 24 1905–1906 D n2v
G 3/3 (de) 1(III)–4(III) (53 501–53 504) 4 1914 C n2v Built by Maffei for Morocco, sold to the Palatine network in 1919

Tank Locomotives

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Axle arrangement (UIC) Remarks
None 70–73 (de) 4 1868 B n2t Tank locomotives for the ramps of Ludwigshafen's Rhine bridge, supplied by Krauss
P 2II 88(II)…95(II),
260–262, 264–284
73 001–73 028 31 1900–1902 1′B2′ n2t Copy of the Bavarian D XII
P 5 310–321 77 001–77 012 12 1908 1′C2′ n2t
T 1 (de) 15(II)…73(II),
88 7301–88 7321 31 1892–1897 B n2t
T 2I (de) I–VIII (88 7001–88 7003) 8 1865–1874 B n2t Locomotives for the pontoon bridges at Maximiliansau and Speyer; Nos. VII and VIII sold in 1879 to Baden (Baden I b)
T 2II (de) VII(II)–X 4 1883–1884 B n2t Branch line (Sekundärbahn) engines for the Lautertalbahn, KaiserslauternLauterecken
T 3 (de) 13(II)…71(II),
202–208, 246–256
89 101–89 121 27 1889–1905 C n2t
T 4I 44(II)…56(II),
98 651–98 657 7 1895–1897 C1′ n2t Copy of the Bavarian D VIII
322–325 98 681–98 684 4 1908 More robust version; Replaced the T 2II on the Lautertalbahn
T 4II 257–259 98 401–98 403 3 1900 C1′ n2t Nachbau der Bavarian D XI
T 5 306–309 94 001–94 004 4 1907 E n2t for the Biebermühle–Pirmasens ramp
D VIII 326–329 98 685–98 688 4 1909–1910 C1′ n2t Upgrade of the T 4I
Pt 3/6 330–338 77 101–77 109 9 1911–1913 1′C2′ h2t Upgrade of the P 5 with superheater
401–410 77 120–77 129 10 1923 Follow-on order by the Bavarian Group Administration (Gruppenverwaltung Bayern)
R 4/4 123(II)…159(II) 92 2001–92 2007 9 1913–1915 D n2t

Narrow Gauge Locomotives

The Palatine narrow gauge locomotives procured for the following metre gauge branch lines (Lokalbahnen):

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Axle arrangement (UIC) Bauart Remarks
L 1 XI–XXII, XXVIII 99 081–99 092 13 1889–1907 C n2t Fully enclosed tramway locomotive
L 2 XXIII–XXVII 99 001–99 005 5 1903–1905 B n2t For Alsenz–Obermoschel and Speyer–Geinsheim
Pts 2/2 XXX 99 011 1 1910 B h2t Bought in 1916 for the Palatine network
Pts 3/3 N XXIX 99 093 1 1911 C n2t Copy of the L 1
Pts 3/3 H XXXI–XXXIII 99 101–99 103 3 1923 C h2t Ordered by the Bavarian Group Administration (Gruppenverwaltung Bayern), partly enclosed tramway locomotive


Palatine railbuses were introduced into the wagon fleet and were given wagon numbers. In addition to the new vehicles listed in the table below, two accumulator cars left by an electric company in 1896/97 were tested. Furthermore between 1897 and 1900 four four-wheeled passenger coaches – one with an additional centre axle - were converted provisionally to accumulator cars and placed in service. After the delivery of new wagons the passenger coaches were restored to their original state.

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Axle arrangement (UIC) Remarks
None I–II 2 1898 Bo′2′ g2t Accumulator car for metre gauge, converted in 1903 to passenger coaches
None III 1 1900 Bo g2t Accumulator car for metre gauge, retired in 1910
MC 3050, 5130 bis ca. 1928:
Ludwigshafen 301–302
danach: 206
2 1900 A1A g2t Accumulator car, Ludwigshafen 301 1927 converted to passenger coach
MBCC 8856–8859 bis ca. 1928:
Ludwigshafen 207–210
danach: 207–209
4 1900–1902 Bo′2′ g2t Accumulator car
MBCL I 1 1903 A1 n2v Steam railbus, De Dion-Bouton type, identical design to the Bavarian MBCi


  • Albert Mühl: Die Pfalzbahn: Geschichte, Betrieb und Fahrzeuge der pfälzischen Eisenbahnen, Theiss, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-8062-0301-6
  • Heinz Schnabel: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Lokomotiven bayerischer Eisenbahnen, transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70717-5
  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 1 – Numerierungssysteme bei den deutschen Bahnen, transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70739-6
  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 2 – Dampflokomotiven und Dampftriebwagen, transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70740-X
  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 3 – Elektrische Lokomotiven und Triebwagen, Diesellokomotiven und -triebwagen, transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70741-8
  • Robert Zintl: Die alten Bayerischen, Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-87943-990-7

See also

External links

  • There is an English-language discussion forum at Railways of Germany
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