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List of Vice Presidents of the Philippines

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List of Vice Presidents of the Philippines

This is a complete list of Vice-Presidents of the Philippines, who were inaugurated as Vice-President of the Philippines following the ratification of a constitution that explicitly declared the existence of the Philippines. The inclusion of Mariano Trías in the list is disputed, for Trias was chosen as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention, and again as vice-president for the short-lived Republic of Biak-na-Bato, which was dissolved after the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and Aguinaldo's exile. Neither the reassumption of power by Emilio Aguinaldo when the revolution was resumed in May 1898 nor his formal proclamation and inauguration as President under the First Philippine Republic in 1899 were regimes that provided for a vice-presidency. The vice-presidency within the context of the Philippine government was formally created by the constitution in 1935.

Vice-presidents during the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under American sovereignty, and there was no office of vice-president during the Second Republic, considered to be a puppet government of Imperial Japan during World War II.

When Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, the sitting vice-president, Fernando Lopez, was removed from the office. Marcos ruled without a vice-president until 1986. The 1973 constitution initially did not provide for a vice-president, but subsequent amendments restored the office. A vice-president was able to sit after the 1986 election when the Marcos-Arturo Tolentino ticket was proclaimed winners by the Batasang Pambansa.

Three vice-presidents succeeded to the presidency due to the death of presidents - Sergio Osmeña (1944), Elpidio Quirino (1948) and Carlos P. Garcia (1957). They did not nominate a new vice-president, since the 1935 constitution was silent on the matter; a new vice-president would sit after the results of following elections were known. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president after the Supreme Court ruled that President Joseph Estrada resigned. Arroyo appointed Teofisto Guingona days after she ascended to power. The 1987 constitution mandated the President to nominate a vice-president from a member of the Congress of the Philippines, in which both houses vote separately for confirmation via a majority vote.

Fernando Lopez is the longest-serving vice-president, who served for a combined total of almost 11 years. Arturo Tolentino served 11 days before being deposed in the 1986 People Power Revolution. Noli de Castro was the first vice-president who was never a member of any political party but affiliated with the political coalition led by Lakas-CMD.

The official seal of the Vice-President of the Philippines

Contents

  • List of Vice Presidents 1
  • Unofficial Vice-Presidents of the Philippines 2
  • References 3
  • Notes 4
  • See also 5

List of Vice Presidents

# Vice President
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Party President Era
1 Mariano Trías
(1868–1914)
January 23, 1897[1] December 15, 1897[2] None[3] Emilio Aguinaldo Tejeros Convention &
Republic of Biak-na-Bato
Abolished
December 15, 1897 - November 15, 1935
First Philippine Republic
Insular Government
2 Sergio Osmeña
(1878–1961)
November 15, 1935 August 1, 1944[4] Nacionalista Manuel L. Quezon Commonwealth
Vacant
August 1, 1944 - May 28, 1946
Sergio Osmeña
Jose P. Laurel Second Republic
3 Elpidio Quirino
(1890–1956)
May 28, 1946 April 17, 1948[4] Liberal Manuel Roxas Commonwealth (Restored)
Third Republic
Vacant
April 15, 1948 - December 30, 1949
Elpidio Quirino
4 Fernando Lopez
(1904–1993)
December 30, 1949 December 30, 1953 Liberal
5 Carlos P. Garcia
(1896–1971)
December 30, 1953 March 18, 1957[4] Nacionalista Ramon Magsaysay
Vacant
March 18, 1957 - December 30, 1957
Carlos P. Garcia
6 Diosdado Macapagal
(1910–1997)
December 30, 1957 December 30, 1961 Liberal
7 Emmanuel Pelaez
(1915–2003)
December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965 Liberal Diosdado Macapagal
8 Fernando Lopez
(1904–1993)
December 30, 1965 September 23, 1972[5] Nacionalista Ferdinand Marcos
Abolished[6]
September 23, 1972 - January 23, 1984
Second Dictatorship
Fourth Republic
Vacant
January 23, 1984 - February 16, 1986
9 Arturo Tolentino
(1910–2004)
February 16, 1986 February 25, 1986[7] KBL
10 Salvador Laurel
(1928–2004)
February 25, 1986[8] June 30, 1992 UNIDO Corazon Aquino
Fifth Republic
10 Nacionalista[9]
11 Joseph Estrada
(1937– )
June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 NPC Fidel V. Ramos
12 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(1947– )
June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Lakas / KAMPI Joseph Estrada
Vacant
January 20, 2001 - February 7, 2001
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
13 Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
(1928– )
February 7, 2001[10] June 30, 2004 Lakas
14 Noli de Castro
(1949– )
June 30, 2004 June 30, 2010 Independent
(Allied with Lakas/Lakas-Kampi)
15 Jejomar Binay
(1942– )
June 30, 2010 Incumbent PDP-Laban Benigno Aquino III
15 Independent[11]

Unofficial Vice-Presidents of the Philippines

Historians and other figures have identified the following people as having held the vice-presidency of a government intended to represent the Philippines, but their terms of office are not counted by the Philippine government as part of the presidential succession.

# Vice President
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Party President Era
1 Francisco Carreón
(1868–?)
May 6, 1902 July 14, 1906[12] None[3] Macario Sakay Tagalog Republic
2 Ramón Avanceña
(1872–1957)
October 14, 1943 February 2, 1944 KALIBAPI Jose P. Laurel Second Republic
3 Benigno Aquino, Sr.
(1894–1947)
February 2, 1944 October 17, 1945 KALIBAPI Jose P. Laurel Second Republic

References

  1. ^ Term began with his election as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention.
  2. ^ Term ended with the dissolution of the Biak na Bato Republic.
  3. ^ a b Allied with the Magdalo faction of the revolutionary society Katipunan.
  4. ^ a b c Succeeded after the death of president.
  5. ^ Term ended with the proclamation of martial law.
  6. ^ The office of the vice president did not exist in the original, unamended 1973 Constitution, which was ratified on January 17, 1973. Amendments to Article VII restored the position.
  7. ^ Term ended when Marcos was overthrown in the 1986 People Power Revolution
  8. ^ Assumed vice presidency by claiming victory in the disputed 1986 snap election.
  9. ^ Laurel himself was a member of the Nacionalista Party, which aligned itself with the UNIDO ticket. In 1989, UNIDO dissolved and Laurel was elected president of the Nacionalistas.
  10. ^ Nominated by President Arroyo and confirmed by Congress.
  11. ^ Binay resigned from PDP-Laban in March 2014 to become an independent.
  12. ^ Term ended with his capture by the American Forces .

Notes

  • "1973 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Philippine Constitutions. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  • "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - Article VII". Philippine Constitutions. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 

See also

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