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List of birds of Thailand


List of birds of Thailand

The Oriental white-eye is a very common resident of Thailand.

The birds of Thailand represent nearly one thousand species, of which approximately 45 are rare or accidental. At least seven bird species previously found in Thailand have since been extirpated, and approximately fifty of the country's species are globally threatened.[1]

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.[2]

The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalaya ecozone, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west, and, particularly in Southern Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast. The northern mountains are outliers of the Tibetan Plateau, with many species of montane birds, and in winter the avifauna is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas. The Java sparrow has been introduced by humans, and the cattle egret has naturally colonised.[2]

Thailand's habitats are contiguous with those of neighbouring countries, so it has few endemic birds. The white-eyed river martin, known only from its single wintering site in Thailand, is probably extinct.[3][4]


The sequence of bird families and species follows The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition (updated 2013);[5] unless otherwise indicated, the species included are as in Robson (2004), and the status in Thailand is from Lekagul and Round (1991). Species with no indicated status are resident or partially resident non-rarities.[2][6]


Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

A little grebe in non-breeding plumage
Name Binomial Status
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus Very rare winter visitor
Black-necked grebe Podiceps nigricollis Very rare winter visitor

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

The short-tailed shearwater is a long-distance migrant occasionally recorded in Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Streaked shearwater Calonectris leucomelas Very rare winter visitor
Wedge-tailed shearwater Puffinus pacificus Accidental
Short-tailed shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris Accidental, may be under-recorded[7]

Storm petrels

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Storm petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.
Common name Binomial Status
Swinhoe's storm petrel Oceanodroma monorhis Accidental, one record


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-tailed tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda Accidental
White-tailed tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Accidental


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

The spot-billed pelican, once common, is now rare and endangered.
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes.
Common name Binomial Status
Spot-billed pelican Pelecanus philippensis Rare, probably once bred. Globally threatened[8]


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Sulidae

The gannets and boobies in the family Sulidae are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.
Common name Binomial Status
Masked booby Sula dactylatra Accidental
Red-footed booby Sula sula Accidental
Brown booby Sula leucogaster Rare visitor, formerly bred


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The little cormorant is a resident breeding species of Thailand.
The Phalacrocoracidae are a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies; the majority of species have mainly dark plumage, but some are pied black and white, and a few are more colourful.
Common name Binomial Status
Indian cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Rare winter visitor, formerly bred
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little cormorant Phalacrocorax niger


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Anhingidae

Adult Oriental darters are rare visitors to Thailand.

Darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.

The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have much paler plumage, especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.
Common name Binomial Status
Oriental darter Anhinga melanogaster Rare and globally threatened visitor, formerly bred[9]


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black-and-white or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week.
Common name Binomial Status
Christmas frigatebird Fregata andrewsi Winter visitor
Great frigatebird Fregata minor Rare
Lesser frigatebird Fregata ariel Winter visitor

Bitterns, herons and egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ardeidae

The yellow bittern is a very common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
The cattle egret has naturally colonised Thailand.
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of this family fly with their necks retracted.
Common name Binomial Status
Grey heron Ardea cinerea Winter visitor, formerly bred
Great-billed heron Ardea sumatrana Now very rare
Purple heron Ardea purpurea Winter visitor
Great egret Ardea alba
Intermediate egret Egretta intermedia Winter visitor
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Chinese egret Egretta eulophotes Very rare winter visitor, globally vulnerable[10]
Pacific reef heron Egretta sacra
Indian pond heron Ardeola grayii
Chinese pond heron Ardeola bacchus Winter visitor
Javan pond heron Ardeola speciosa
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned night heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Malayan night heron Gorsachius melanolophus
Yellow bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Von Schrenck's bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus Passage migrant
Cinnamon bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Eurasian bittern Botaurus stellaris Winter visitor


Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are virtually mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

The painted stork now a rare breeder and passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Milky stork Mycteria cinerea Extirpated and globally vulnerable[11]
Painted stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black stork Ciconia nigra Rare winter visitor
Woolly-necked stork Ciconia episcopus Now very rare
Storm's stork Ciconia stormi Endangered
White stork Ciconia ciconia One record
Black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Extirpated and globally threatened[12]
Lesser adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Rare
Greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius Extirpated and globally endangered[13]

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which comprises the ibises and spoonbills. Its members have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary flight feathers. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

The black-faced spoonbill is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-headed ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
White-shouldered ibis Pseudibis davisoni Extirpated and globally critically endangered[14]
Giant ibis Pseudibis gigantea Extirpated and globally critically endangered[15]
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Very rare winter visitor
Black-faced spoonbill Platalea minor Very rare winter visitor, globally endangered[16]

Ducks, geese and swans

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser whistling duck Dendrocygna javanica
Swan goose Anser cygnoides Accidental
Greylag goose Anser anser Accidental
Bar-headed goose Anser indicus Very rare winter visitor
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Rare winter visitor
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna Very rare winter visitor, one record
White-winged duck Cairina scutulata Very rare and endangered resident[17]
Knob-billed duck Sarkidiornis melanotos Rare resident
Cotton pygmy goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata Very rare winter visitor
Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope Winter visitor
Falcated duck Anas falcata Accidental
Gadwall Anas strepera Very rare winter visitor
Eurasian teal Anas crecca Winter visitor
Baikal teal Anas formosa Accidental
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Accidental
Spot-billed duck Anas poecilorhyncha Rare winter visitor
Northern pintail Anas acuta Winter visitor
Garganey Anas querquedula Winter visitor
Northern shoveler Anas clypeata Winter visitor
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina Very rare winter visitor
Common pochard Aythya ferina Very rare winter visitor
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca Rare winter visitor
Baer's pochard Aythya baeri Rare winter visitor
Greater scaup Aythya marila Accidental
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula Rare winter visitor
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis Accidental
Scaly-sided merganser Mergus squamatus Endangered


Order: Falconiformes   Family: Pandionidae

The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.[18]
Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Winter visitor

Eagles, kites and allies

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds mostly have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight.

The crested serpent eagle is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Jerdon's baza Aviceda jerdoni
Black baza Aviceda leuphotes
Crested honey buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Bat hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Black-winged kite Elanus caeruleus
Black kite Milvus migrans Winter visitor, some breed
Brahminy kite Haliastur indus
White-bellied sea eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Pallas's fish eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus One record
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Much reduced in numbers
Lesser fish eagle Ichthyophaga humilis Rare resident
Grey-headed fish eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Very rare and globally near-threatened[19]
White-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis Possibly extinct
Slender-billed vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Himalayan vulture Gyps himalayensis Accidental
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus Rare winter visitor
Red-headed vulture Sarcogyps calvus
Short-toed snake eagle Circaetus gallicus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Crested serpent eagle Spilornis cheela
Western marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus Rare winter visitor
Eastern marsh harrier Circus spilonotus Winter visitor
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus Rare winter visitor
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus Accidental
Pied harrier Circus melanoleucos Winter visitor
Crested goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Chinese sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Japanese sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Rare winter visitor
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis Rare winter visitor
Rufous-winged buzzard Butastur liventer
Grey-faced buzzard Butastur indicus Passage migrant and winter visitor
Common buzzard Buteo buteo Winter visitor
Black eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga Uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis Accidental
Eastern imperial eagle Aquila heliaca Rare winter visitor
Bonelli's eagle Aquila fasciatus Rare
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Rufous-bellied hawk-eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Changeable hawk-eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Mountain hawk-eagle Spizaetus nipalensis
Blyth's hawk-eagle Spizaetus alboniger
Wallace's hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus


Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

The Eurasian hobby is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-rumped falcon Polihierax insignis
Collared falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Black-thighed falconet Microhierax fringillarius
Common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Winter visitor
Amur falcon Falco amurensis Very rare passage migrant
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo Rare winter visitor
Oriental hobby Falco severus
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus Mainly winter visitor

Pheasants and partridges

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings.

The Malayan peacock-pheasant is nearly extinct, due to deforestation.
Common name Binomial Status
Chinese francolin Francolinus pintadeanus
Long-billed partridge Rhizothera longirostris
Japanese quail Coturnix japonica Very rare winter visitor
Rain quail Coturnix coromandelica
King quail Coturnix chinensis
Rufous-throated partridge Arborophila rufogularis
Grey-breasted partridge Arborophila orientalis Accidental. Sometimes split as Malayan partridge A. campbelli[6]
Bar-backed partridge Arborophila brunneopectus
Chestnut-headed partridge Arborophila cambodiana
Green-legged partridge Arborophila chloropus
Chestnut-necklaced partridge Arborophila charltonii Rare and globally endangered[20]
Ferruginous partridge Caloperdix oculea
Crested partridge Rollulus rouloul Rare and globally threatened[21]
Mountain bamboo partridge Bambusicola fytchii
Red junglefowl Gallus gallus
Kalij pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera
Crestless fireback Lophura erythrophthalma
Crested fireback Lophura ignita Rare and globally endangered[22]
Siamese fireback Lophura diardi
Mrs. Hume's pheasant Syrmaticus humiae Rare
Grey peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
Malayan peacock-pheasant Polyplectron malacense Near extinct[2]
Great argus Argusianus argus
Green peafowl Pavo muticus Resident but globally threatened


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.

The barred buttonquail is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
Yellow-legged buttonquail Turnix tanki
Barred buttonquail Turnix suscitator


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".
Common name Binomial Status
Sarus crane Grus antigone Extirpated and globally vulnerable [23]
Common crane Grus grus Accidental

Rails, crakes, gallinules and coots

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and appear to be weak fliers.

The white-breasted waterhen is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-legged crake Rallina fasciata
Slaty-legged crake Rallina eurizonoides Rare, mainly winter visitor
Slaty-breasted rail Gallirallus striatus
Brown-cheeked rail Rallus indicus winter visitor
White-breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Black-tailed crake Amaurornis bicolor Rare
Baillon's crake Porzana pusilla Winter visitor
Spotted crake Porzana porzana Very rare winter visitor
Ruddy-breasted crake Porzana fusca
Band-bellied crake Porzana paykullii Very rare winter visitor
White-browed crake Porzana cinerea
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea Summer visitor and resident
Purple swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian coot Fulica atra Winter visitor


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Heliornithidae is small family of tropical birds which webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots.
Common name Binomial Status
Masked finfoot Heliopais personata Winter visitor and passage migrant


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found throughout the tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.
Common name Binomial Status
Pheasant-tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Winter visitor and resident
Bronze-winged jacana Metopidius indicus


The greater painted-snipe is one of the few bird species in which the female (pictured) is brighter than the male.[2]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Painted-snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured.

Common name Binomial Status
Greater painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Crab plover

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae

The crab plover is related to the waders, but is the only member of its family. It resembles a plover but has very long grey legs and a strong black bill similar to that of a tern. It has black-and-white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet and a bill designed for eating crabs.[24]

Common name Binomial Status
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola Rare but annual in winter

Avocets and stilts

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

The black-winged stilt is common in wetlands.

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus Resident and winter visitor
Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Accidental


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.
Common name Binomial Status
Indian stone-curlew Burhinus indicus
Great stone-curlew Burhinus recurvirostris Possibly extinct
Beach stone-curlew Burhinus magnirostris Rare and local

Pratincoles and coursers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long, pointed bills which curve downwards.

The small pratincole is a wader that hunts insects in flight.
Common name Binomial Status
Oriental pratincole Glareola maldivarum Summer visitor
Small pratincole Glareola lactea Resident and winter visitor
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola Accidental

Plovers and lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. In addition to the listed species, a distinctive Charadrius plover known as the white-faced plover has been seen in Thailand in recent years. It is at present unclear whether it is a new species or a subspecies of Kentish plover.[25]

The grey plover is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus Rare winter visitor
River lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Grey-headed lapwing Vanellus cinereus Winter visitor
Red-wattled lapwing Vanellus indicus
Pacific golden plover Pluvialis fulva Winter visitor
Grey plover Pluvialis squatarola Winter visitor
Common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula Accidental
Long-billed plover Charadrius placidus Rare winter visitor
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius Winter visitor
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus Winter visitor
Malaysian plover Charadrius peronii
Lesser sand plover Charadrius mongolus Winter visitor
Greater sand plover Charadrius leschenaultii Winter visitor
Oriental plover Charadrius veredus Accidental

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

The red-necked stint is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola Winter visitor
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Rare winter visitor
Wood snipe Gallinago nemoricola Very rare winter visitor
Pin-tailed snipe Gallinago stenura Winter visitor
Swinhoe's snipe Gallinago megala Very rare winter visitor
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago Winter visitor
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus One record
Asian dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus Rare on passage
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa Winter visitor
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica Winter visitor
Little curlew Numenius minutus Very rare passage migrant
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Winter visitor
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata Winter visitor
Far Eastern curlew Numenius madagascariensis Rare passage migrant
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus Winter visitor
Common redshank Tringa totanus Winter visitor
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Winter visitor
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia Winter visitor
Nordmann's greenshank Tringa guttifer Rare winter visitor
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus Winter visitor
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola Winter visitor
Grey-tailed tattler Tringa brevipes Rare on passage
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus Winter visitor
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Winter visitor
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres Winter visitor
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris Mainly passage migrant
Red knot Calidris canutus Winter visitor
Sanderling Calidris alba Winter visitor
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis Common winter visitor
Little stint Calidris minuta Rare in winter[2]
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii Winter visitor
Long-toed stint Calidris subminuta Winter visitor
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata Very rare winter visitor
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Winter visitor
Dunlin Calidris alpina Rare winter visitor
Spoon-billed sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus Rare on passage and in winter, declining due to collapse of breeding population[26][27]
Broad-billed sandpiper Limicola falcinellus Winter visitor
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Winter and passage visitor
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rare in winter or on passage
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Rare in winter or on passage


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.
Common name Binomial Status
Pomarine skua Stercorarius pomarinus Winter visitor
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Rare winter visitor
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Accidental


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.
Heuglin's gull is an uncommon winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus Very rare winter visitor
Brown-headed gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Rare winter visitor
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Winter visitor
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei Very rare winter visitor
Slaty-backed gull[28] Larus schistisagus Very rare winter visitor
Black-tailed gull Larus crassirostris Very rare winter visitor
Common gull Larus canus Accidental
Heuglin's gull Larus heuglini Winter visitor
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans Uncertain status
Vega gull Larus vegae Uncertain status
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Accidental


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years.

The whiskered tern is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica Winter visitor
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia Winter visitor
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis Rare winter visitor
Chinese crested tern Thalasseus bernsteini
Greater crested tern Thalasseus bergii
River tern Sterna aurantia
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
Black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana
Common tern Sterna hirundo Winter visitor
Black-bellied tern Sterna acuticauda
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscata
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybridus
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus Winter visitor
Brown noddy Anous stolidus


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish.
Common name Binomial Status
Indian skimmer Rynchops albicollis One record

Pigeons and doves

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

The pied imperial pigeon is locally common in coastal forests of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Rock dove Columba livia Due to hybridisation with feral pigeons, few if any pure-bred birds remain in Thailand[6]
Speckled wood pigeon Columba hodgsonii
Ashy wood pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Pale-capped pigeon Columba punicea Rare, uncertain status
Oriental turtle dove Streptopelia orientalis
Red turtle dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted dove Spilopelia chinensis
Barred cuckoo-dove Macropygia unchall
Little cuckoo-dove Macropygia ruficeps
Common emerald dove Chalcophaps indica
Zebra dove Geopelia striata Native in south, introduced to central Thailand[29]
Nicobar pigeon Caloenas nicobarica Rare and globally endangered[30]
Little green pigeon Treron olax Rare
Pink-necked green pigeon Treron vernans
Cinnamon-headed green pigeon Treron fulvicollis Possibly extirpated, globally threatened[31]
Orange-breasted green pigeon Treron bicincta
Ashy-headed green pigeon Treron phayrei
Thick-billed green pigeon Treron curvirostra
Large green pigeon Treron capellei Rare and globally vulnerable[32]
Yellow-footed green pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Yellow-vented green pigeon Treron seimundi Very rare
Pin-tailed green pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed green pigeon Treron sphenura
White-bellied green pigeon Treron sieboldii Very rare
Jambu fruit dove Ptilinopus jambu
Green imperial pigeon Ducula aenea
Mountain imperial pigeon Ducula badia
Pied imperial pigeon Ducula bicolor


Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape and a generally erect stance. The upper mandible has slight mobility in the joint with the skull. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two to the back.
The red-breasted parakeet is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Blue-rumped parrot Psittinus cyanurus Rare, much reduced
Alexandrine parakeet Psittacula eupatria Rare, much reduced
Grey-headed parakeet Psittacula finschii
Blossom-headed parakeet Psittacula roseata
Red-breasted parakeet Psittacula alexandri
Vernal hanging parrot Loriculus vernalis
Blue-crowned hanging parrot Loriculus galgulus


Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Many Old World cuckoo species are brood parasites.
Common name Binomial Status
Jacobin cuckoo Clamator jacobinus Accidental
Chestnut-winged cuckoo Clamator coromandus Summer visitor and on passage
Large hawk-cuckoo Cuculus sparverioides
Common hawk-cuckoo Cuculus varius One record
Moustached hawk-cuckoo Cuculus vagans
Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo Cuculus fugax
Indian cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus Uncertain status
Oriental cuckoo Cuculus optatus Passage migrant
Himalayan cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Sunda cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
Lesser cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus Very rare
Banded bay cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Plaintive cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
Brush cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
Rusty-breasted cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis
Little bronze cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
Asian emerald cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus Resident and winter visitor
Violet cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides
Asian koel Eudynamys scolopacea
Black-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
Chestnut-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Green-billed malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Red-billed malkoha Phaenicophaeus javanicus
Chestnut-breasted malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Raffles's malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaeus
Coral-billed ground cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi
Short-toed coucal Centropus rectunguis Accidental
Greater coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser coucal Centropus bengalensis

Barn owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.
Common name Binomial Status
Barn owl Tyto alba
Oriental bay owl Phodilus badius
Eastern grass owl Tyto longimembris

Typical owls

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

The collared scops owl is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-fronted scops owl Otus sagittatus Rare and globally vulnerable[33]
Reddish scops owl Otus rufescens Rare and globally threatened[34]
Mountain scops owl Otus spilocephalus
Collared scops owl Otus lettia
Sunda scops owl Otus lempiji
Oriental scops owl Otus sunia
Spot-bellied eagle-owl Bubo nipalensis
Barred eagle-owl Bubo sumatranus
Dusky eagle-owl Bubo coromandus Very rare
Brown fish owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Buffy fish owl Ketupa ketupu
Spotted wood owl Strix seloputo
Brown wood owl Strix leptogrammica
Collared owlet Glaucidium brodiei
Asian barred owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Spotted owlet Athene brama
Brown hawk-owl Ninox scutulata
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus Very rare winter visitor


Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects.
Common name Binomial Status
Large frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus Very rare
Gould's frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus Rare
Hodgson's frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Blyth's frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis


Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized ground-nesting nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves.

The large-tailed nightjar is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian eared nightjar Lyncornis temminckii
Great eared nightjar Lyncornis macrotis
Grey nightjar Caprimulgus indicus Winter visitor, breeds in mountains
Large-tailed nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Indian nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
Savanna nightjar Caprimulgus affinis


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

The house swift is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Glossy swiftlet Collocalia esculenta Rare
Himalayan swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris Breeds in highlands, winter visitor elsewhere
Black-nest swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
Edible-nest swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
Germain's swiftlet Aerodramus germani
Silver-rumped spinetail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
White-throated needletail Hirundapus caudacutus Rare migrant
Silver-backed needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis Uncertain status
Brown-backed needletail Hirundapus giganteus
Asian palm swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
Pacific swift Apus pacificus Winter visitor, some breed
Dark-rumped swift Apus acuticauda Very rare winter visitor
House swift Apus nipalensis
Cook's swift Apus cooki


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts, also called crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the true swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and soft plumage.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
Grey-rumped treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis
Whiskered treeswift Hemiprocne comata


Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

The red-headed trogon is a common resident of Thailand.
The family Trogonidae includes the trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-naped trogon Harpactes kasumba Rare
Diard's trogon Harpactes diardii
Cinnamon-rumped trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus Rare
Scarlet-rumped trogon Harpactes duvaucelii
Red-headed trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
Orange-breasted trogon Harpactes oreskios


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails.
The stork-billed kingfisher is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Blyth's kingfisher Alcedo hercules Very rare winter visitor
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis Very common winter visitor
Blue-eared kingfisher Alcedo meninting
Blue-banded kingfisher Alcedo euryzona
Oriental dwarf kingfisher Ceyx erithacus
Rufous-backed kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
Banded kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
Brown-winged kingfisher Pelargopsis amauropterus
Stork-billed kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Ruddy kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
White-throated kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped kingfisher Halcyon pileata Winter visitor and passage migrant
Collared kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
Rufous-collared kingfisher Actenoides concretus Rare and reduced
Crested kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, southern Asia, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long down-turned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar.

The red-bearded bee-eater is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
Blue-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Green bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-throated bee-eater Merops viridis Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Blue-tailed bee-eater Merops philippinus Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Chestnut-headed bee-eater Merops leschenaulti

Typical rollers

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not.
Common name Binomial Status
Indian roller Coracias benghalensis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and pink plumage and a large erectile crest on the head.
Common name Binomial Status
Hoopoe Upupa epops


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured.

The Oriental pied hornbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Oriental pied hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Black hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus Rare
Rhinoceros hornbill Buceros rhinoceros Rare, far south
Great hornbill Buceros bicornis
Helmeted hornbill Rhinoplax vigil
Austen's brown hornbill Anorrhinus austeni
Tickell's brown hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli
Bushy-crested hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
White-crowned hornbill Berenicornis comatus
Rufous-necked hornbill Aceros nipalensis Rare
Wrinkled hornbill Aceros corrugatus Near extinct
Wreathed hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus
Plain-pouched hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis Rare


Order: Piciformes   Family: Megalaimidae

The Asian barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured.

The lineated barbet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Fire-tufted barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus Accidental
Great barbet Megalaima virens
Lineated barbet Megalaima lineata
Green-eared barbet Megalaima faiostricta
Golden-whiskered barbet Megalaima chrysopogon
Red-crowned barbet Megalaima rafflesii Rare and globally threatened[35]
Red-throated barbet Megalaima mystacophanos
Golden-throated barbet Megalaima franklinii
Black-browed barbet Megalaima oorti Accidental
Blue-throated barbet Megalaima asiatica
Moustached barbet Megalaima incognita
Yellow-crowned barbet Megalaima henricii
Blue-eared barbet Megalaima australis
Coppersmith barbet Megalaima haemacephala
Brown barbet Caloramphus fuliginosus


Order: Piciformes   Family: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the greater honeyguide which leads traditional honey-hunters to bees' nests and, after the hunters have harvested the honey, feeds on the remaining contents of the hive.
Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus Rare


Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.

The fulvous-breasted woodpecker is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla Winter visitor
Speckled piculet Picumnus innominatus
Rufous piculet Sasia abnormis
White-browed piculet Sasia ochracea
Grey-capped pygmy woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Fulvous-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
Stripe-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus
Yellow-crowned woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis Rare
Rufous-bellied woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Crimson-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius
Freckle-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos analis
Rufous woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus
White-bellied woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
Banded woodpecker Picus mineaceus
Lesser yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Crimson-winged woodpecker Picus puniceus
Greater yellownape Picus flavinucha
Checker-throated woodpecker Picus mentalis
Streak-breasted woodpecker Picus viridanus
Laced woodpecker Picus vittatus
Streak-throated woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Black-headed woodpecker Picus erythropygius
Grey-headed woodpecker Picus canus
Olive-backed woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii Rare
Common flameback Dinopium javanense
Greater flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
Pale-headed woodpecker Gecinulus grantia
Bamboo woodpecker Gecinulus viridis
Maroon woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
Bay woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Orange-backed woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
Buff-rumped woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
Black-and-buff woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis
Buff-necked woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki
Grey-and-buff woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
Heart-spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente
Great slaty woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus


The long-tailed broadbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.
Common name Binomial Status
Dusky broadbill Corydon sumatranus
Black-and-red broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Banded broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
Black-and-yellow broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
Long-tailed broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Silver-breasted broadbill Serilophus lunatus
Green broadbill Calyptomena viridis


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized stocky passerines with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey.

The hooded pitta is an uncommon wet season migrant visitor of Thailand, and some winter in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Eared pitta Hydrornis phayrei
Blue-naped pitta Hydrornis nipalensis
Blue-rumped pitta Hydrornis soror
Rusty-naped pitta Hydrornis oatesi
Giant pitta Hydrornis caeruleus Rare and globally threatened[36]
Blue pitta Hydrornis cyaneus
Malayan banded pitta Hydrornis irena
Bar-bellied pitta Hydrornis elliotii Rare and globally threatened[37]
Gurney's pitta Hydrornis gurneyi Rediscovered 1986, rare and endangered near endemic[38]
Hooded pitta Pitta sordida
Garnet pitta Erythropitta granatina Rare and globally threatened[39]
Blue-winged pitta Pitta moluccensis Summer visitor, passage migrant
Mangrove pitta Pitta megarhyncha


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.
Common name Binomial Status
Horsfield's bush lark Mirafra javanica
Indochinese bush lark Mirafra erythrocephala
Oriental skylark Alauda gulgula

Swallows and martins

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

The Pacific swallow is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-eyed river martin Pseudochelidon sirintarae Endemic, probably globally extinct[40][41]
Sand martin Riparia riparia Winter visitor
Grey-throated martin Riparia chinensis
Dusky crag martin Ptyonoprogne concolor
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica Winter visitor
Pacific swallow Hirundo tahitica
Wire-tailed swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica Winter visitor, local breeder
Striated swallow Cecropis striolata
Rufous-bellied swallow Cecropis badia
Common house martin Delichon urbicum Rare winter visitor
Asian house martin Delichon dasypus Winter visitor
Nepal house martin Delichon nipalensis One record

Wagtails and pipits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. These are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country.

Of the three white wagtail subspecies that winter in Thailand, M. a. leucopsis is most common.[6]
Common name Binomial Status
Forest wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Winter visitor
White wagtail Motacilla alba Winter visitor
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola Winter visitor
Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava Winter visitor
Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea Winter visitor
Mekong wagtail Motacilla samveasnae
Paddyfield pipit Anthus rufulus
Blyth's pipit Anthus godlewskii Accidental
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi Winter visitor
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni Winter visitor
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus Winter visitor
Rosy pipit Anthus roseatus Localised winter visitor
Buff-bellied pipit Anthus rubescens Accidental

Cuckooshrikes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured.

The small minivet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Large cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Javan cuckooshrike Coracina javensis Accidental
Bar-bellied cuckooshrike Coracina striata Rare, much reduced
Indochinese cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera
Black-winged cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos Resident and winter visitor
Lesser cuckooshrike Coracina fimbriata
Pied triller Lalage nigra
Rosy minivet Pericrocotus roseus Winter visitor
Swinhoe's minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis
Ashy minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus Winter visitor
Small minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Fiery minivet Pericrocotus igneus
Long-tailed minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Short-billed minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Scarlet minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
Grey-chinned minivet Pericrocotus solaris


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eupetidae

The Malaysian rail-babbler is a rail-like passerine bird which inhabits the floor of primary forest in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. It is the only member of its family. The nominate subspecies E. m. macrocerus is found in Thailand.[42]
Common name Binomial Status
Rail-babbler Eupetes macrocerus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throats or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.

The mountain bulbul is a common resident in the highlands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested finchbill Spizixos canifrons
Straw-headed bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus Rare and globally vulnerable[43]
Striated bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Black-and-white bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos Rare
Black-headed bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
Black-crested bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris
Scaly-breasted bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus
Grey-bellied bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris
Red-whiskered bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Brown-breasted bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
Light-vented bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
Sooty-headed bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
Puff-backed bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus
Stripe-throated bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
Flavescent bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
Yellow-vented bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
Olive-winged bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
Streak-eared bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi
Cream-vented bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
Asian red-eyed bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Spectacled bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
Finsch's bulbul Alophoixus finschii
White-throated bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Puff-throated bulbul Alophoixus pallidus
Ochraceous bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
Grey-cheeked bulbul Alophoixus bres
Yellow-bellied bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Hairy-backed bulbul Tricholestes criniger
Olive bulbul Iole virescens
Grey-eyed bulbul Iole propinqua
Buff-vented bulbul Iole olivacea
Streaked bulbul Ixos malaccensis
Ashy bulbul Hemixos flavala
Mountain bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
Black bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus Resident and winter visitor
White-headed bulbul Hypsipetes thompsoni


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Chloropseidae

The leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows.

The orange-bellied leafbird is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Greater green leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
Lesser green leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
Blue-winged leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Golden-fronted leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens.
Common name Binomial Status
Common iora Aegithina tiphia
Green iora Aegithina viridissima
Great iora Aegithina lafresnayei


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements.
Common name Binomial Status
Brown dipper Cinclus pallasii Rare non-breeding visitor

Thrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

The blue whistling thrush is a common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-capped thrush Geokichla interpres Rare
Orange-headed thrush Geokichla citrina Winter visitor
Siberian thrush Geokichla sibirica Winter visitor
Long-tailed thrush Zoothera dixoni Winter visitor
Scaly thrush Zoothera dauma Winter visitor, resident in mountains
Dark-sided thrush Zoothera marginata
Black-breasted thrush Turdus dissimilis Rare winter visitor
Japanese thrush Turdus cardis Accidental
Grey-winged blackbird Turdus boulboul Rare winter visitor
Common blackbird Turdus merula One record
Chestnut thrush Turdus rubrocanus Rare winter visitor
Grey-sided thrush Turdus feae Rare winter visitor
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus Winter visitor
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis Very rare winter visitors.
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis Very rare winter visitor
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus Irruptive in winter
Purple cochoa Cochoa purpurea Rare
Green cochoa Cochoa viridis

Cisticolas and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub.

The golden-headed cisticola is a common resident of the grasslands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed cisticola Cisticola exilis
Brown prinia Prinia polychroa
Hill prinia Prinia atrogularis
Rufescent prinia Prinia rufescens
Grey-breasted prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Yellow-bellied prinia Prinia flaviventris
Plain prinia Prinia inornata
Common tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Dark-necked tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Rufous-tailed tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
Ashy tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps

Cettid warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cettiidae

Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-headed tesia Cettia castaneocoronata
Chestnut-crowned bush warbler Cettia major Very rare winter visitor
Slaty-bellied tesia Tesia olivea
Grey-bellied tesia Tesia cyaniventer Very rare
Asian stubtail Urosphena squameiceps Winter visitor
Manchurian bush warbler Horornis canturians Rare winter visitor
Pale-footed bush warbler Urosphena pallidipes
Aberrant bush warbler Horornis flavolivacea Winter visitor
Japanese bush warbler Horornis diphone Winter visitor
Pale-footed bush warbler Horornis pallidipes
Mountain tailorbird Phyllergetes cuculatus
Rufous-faced warbler Abroscopus albogularis Rare
Yellow-bellied warbler Abroscopus superciliaris

Leaf warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

The greenish warbleris a fairly common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Winter visitor
Tickell's leaf warbler Phylloscopus affinis Winter visitor
Buff-throated warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis Winter visitor
Yellow-streaked warbler Phylloscopus armandii Winter visitor
Radde's warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi Winter visitor
Buff-barred warbler Phylloscopus pulcher Winter visitor
Ashy-throated warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis Winter visitor
Pallas's leaf warbler Phylloscopus proregulus Winter visitor
Lemon-rumped warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus Accidental
Chinese leaf warbler Phylloscopus yunnanensis Winter visitor
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Winter visitor
Hume's leaf warbler Phylloscopus humei Winter visitor
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis Winter and passage visitor
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides Winter visitor
Two-barred warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus Winter visitor
Pale-legged leaf warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes Winter visitor
Eastern crowned warbler Phylloscopus coronatus Winter and passage visitor
Blyth's leaf warbler Phylloscopus reguloides Winter visitor
Claudia's leaf warbler Phylloscopus claudiae Winter visitor
Davison's leaf warbler Phylloscopus davisoni
Kloss's leaf warbler Phylloscopus ogilviegranti
Yellow-vented warbler Phylloscopus cantator Rare winter visitor
Sulphur-breasted warbler Phylloscopus ricketti Winter visitor
Mountain leaf warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus
Grey-cheeked warbler Seicercus poliogenys
Grey-crowned warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus Rare winter visitor
Bianchi's warbler Seicercus valentini Winter visitor
Chestnut-crowned warbler Seicercus castaniceps
Martens's warbler Seicercus omeiensis Winter visitor
Alström's warbler Seicercus soror Winter visitor

Reed warblers and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Common name Binomial Status
Thick-billed warbler Iduna aedon Winter visitor
Black-browed reed warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Winter visitor
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola Rare winter visitor
Blunt-winged warbler Acrocephalus concinens Winter visitor
Manchurian reed warbler Acrocephalus tangorum Winter visitor
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum Passage migrant
Oriental reed warbler Acrocephalus orientalis Winter visitor
Large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus Rediscovered 2006[44]
Clamorous reed warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Very rare winter visitor

Grassbirds and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Common name Binomial Status
Chinese bush warbler Locustella tacsanowskia Very rare winter visitor
Russet bush warbler Locustella mandelli
Baikal bush warbler Locustella davidi Winter visitor
Brown bush warbler Locustella luteoventris Rare winter visitor
Lanceolated warbler Locustella lanceolata Winter visitor
Pallas's grasshopper warbler Locustella certhiola Winter visitor
Striated grassbird Megalurus palustris

Old World warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

The yellow-eyed babbler is a very common resident of Thailand.

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca Rare winter visitor
Grey-headed parrotbill Psittiparus gularis
Spot-breasted parrotbill Paradoxornis guttaticollis
Black-throated parrotbill Suthola nipalensis
Short-tailed parrotbill Neosuthora davidianus Rare
Pale-billed parrotbill Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris Rare
Yellow-eyed babbler Chrysomma sinense

Old World flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.

The white-capped redstart is a resident of the northern mountains of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-throated rock thrush Monticola gularis Winter visitor
Chestnut-bellied rock thrush Monticola rufiventris Winter visitor, resident on highest peaks
Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius Resident (ssp madoci) in far south and winter visitor
Blue whistling thrush Myophonus caeruleus Resident and winter visitor[6]
Brown-chested jungle flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneatus Rare on passage
Grey-chested jungle flycatcher Rhinomyias umbratilis Rare in far south
Fulvous-chested jungle flycatcher Rhinomyias olivaceus
Dark-sided flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica Winter visitor
Asian brown flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris Resident and winter visitor
Brown-streaked flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni Resident and passage visitor
Brown-breasted flycatcher Muscicapa muttui Very rare
Ferruginous flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea Winter visitor and passage migrant
Yellow-rumped flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia Passage migrant
Green-backed flycatcher Ficedula elisae winter visitor
Mugimaki flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki Winter visitor
Slaty-backed flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii Winter visitor
Rufous-gorgeted flycatcher Ficedula strophiata Winter visitor
Taiga flycatcher Ficedula albicilla Winter visitor
Snowy-browed flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Rufous-chested flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
Little pied flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Ultramarine flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris Winter visitor
Slaty-blue flycatcher Ficedula tricolor Winter visitor
Sapphire flycatcher Ficedula sapphira Winter visitor
White-gorgeted flycatcher Anthipes monileger
Rufous-browed flycatcher Anthipes solitaris
Blue-and-white flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana Passage migrant
Verditer flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus Resident and winter visitor
Large niltava Niltava grandis
Small niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Fujian niltava Niltava davidi Rare winter visitor
Rufous-bellied niltava Niltava sundara Winter visitor
Vivid niltava Niltava vivida Winter visitor
White-tailed flycatcher Cyornis concretus Rare
Hainan blue flycatcher Cyornis hainanus
Pale blue flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Large blue flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris Winter visitor
Blue-throated blue flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides Resident and winter visitor
Hill blue flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
Malaysian blue flycatcher Cyornis turcosus
Tickell's blue flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Mangrove blue flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra
Pygmy flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni Rare winter visitor
Japanese robin Erithacus akahige One record
Rufous-tailed robin Luscinia sibilans Rare winter visitor
Siberian rubythroat Luscinia calliope Winter visitor
White-tailed rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis One record
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Winter visitor
Blackthroat Luscinia obscura Very rare winter visitor
Siberian blue robin Luscinia cyane Winter visitor
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus Winter visitor
Himalayan bluetail Tarsiger rufilatus Winter visitor
Golden bush robin Tarsiger chrysaeus Rare winter visitor
Oriental magpie-robin Copsychus saularis
White-rumped shama Copsychus malabaricus
Rufous-tailed shama Trichixos pyrropyga Rare
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Winter visitor
Daurian redstart Phoenicurus auroreus Winter visitor
Blue-fronted redstart Phoenicurus frontalis Rare winter visitor
White-capped redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus Mainly winter visitor
Plumbeous water redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosus Resident and winter visitor
White-bellied redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides Resident and winter visitor
White-tailed robin Cinclidium leucurum
Blue-fronted robin Cinclidium frontale Status uncertain, one record
Chestnut-naped forktail Enicurus ruficapillus
Black-backed forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed forktail Enicurus schistaceus
White-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus Resident and winter visitor
Stejneger's stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri Winter visitor
Pied bush chat Saxicola caprata
Jerdon's bush chat Saxicola jerdoni Rare
Grey bush chat Saxicola ferreus Resident and winter visitor
Lesser shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
White-browed shortwing Brachypteryx montana

Fairy flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Stenostiridae

Common name Binomial Status
Grey-headed canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Yellow-bellied fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails.

The Malaysian pied fantail is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-throated fantail Rhipidura albicollis
White-browed fantail Rhipidura aureola
Malaysian pied fantail Rhipidura javanica
Spotted fantail Rhipidura perlata Rare

Monarch flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-naped monarch Hypothymis azurea
Japanese paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata Rare winter visitor, passage migrant
Asian paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Resident and winter visitor


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and crested bellbird.
Common name Binomial Status
Mangrove whistler Pachycephala cinerea

Laughingthrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

Common name Binomial Status
White-crested laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Lesser necklaced laughingthrush Garrulax monileger
Greater necklaced laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis
Black laughingthrush Garrulax lugubris Rare in far south
White-necked laughingthrush Garrulax strepitans
Cambodian laughingthrush Garrulax ferrarius
Black-throated laughingthrush Garrulax chinensis
Chestnut-capped laughingthrush Garrulax mitratus Rare in far south
Spot-breasted laughingthrush Garrulax merulinus Very rare
White-browed laughingthrush Garrulax sannio
Silver-eared laughingthrush Trochalopteron melanostigma
Malayan laughingthrush Trochalopteron peninsulae
Red-tailed laughingthrush Trochalopteron milnei Rare
Red-faced liocichla Liocichla phoenicea
Scarlet-faced liocichla Liocichla ripponi
Himalayan cutia Cutia nipalensis Rare
Blue-winged minla Minla cyanouroptera
Bar-throated minla Minla strigula
Spectacled barwing Actinodura ramsayi
Silver-eared mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Rufous-backed sibia Heterophasia annectens
Dark-backed sibia Heterophasia melanoleuca
Long-tailed sibia Heterophasia picaoides


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Timaliidae

The babblers, or timaliids, are somewhat diverse in size and colouration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Large scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
Rusty-cheeked scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
White-browed scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Chestnut-backed scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus montanus
Red-billed scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps
Coral-billed scimitar babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus Rare
Grey-bellied wren-babbler Spelaeornis reptatus
Buff-chested babbler Stachyridopsis ambigua
Rufous-fronted babbler Stachyridopsis rufifrons
Golden babbler Stachyridopsis chrysaea
Grey-throated babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Grey-headed babbler Stachyris poliocephala
Spot-necked babbler Stachyris strialata
White-necked babbler Stachyris leucotis Rare
Black-throated babbler Stachyris nigricollis
Chestnut-rumped babbler Stachyris maculata
Chestnut-winged babbler Stachyris erythroptera
Pin-striped tit-babbler Macronous gularis
Fluffy-backed tit-babbler Macronous ptilosus Rare, much reduced
Chestnut-capped babbler Timalia pileata

Ground babblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pellorneidae

Common name Binomial Status
Rufous-winged fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
Rusty-capped fulvetta Alcippe dubia
Rufous-throated fulvetta Alcippe rufogularis Rare
Brown fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
Brown-cheeked fulvetta Alcippe poioicephala
Grey-cheeked fulvetta Alcippe morrisonia
Mountain fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
Black-browed fulvetta Alcippe grotei
Yunnan fulvetta Alcippe fratercula
Large wren-babbler Napothera macrodactyla
Limestone wren-babbler Napothera crispifrons
Streaked wren-babbler Napothera brevicaudata
Eyebrowed wren-babbler Napothera epilepidota
Collared babbler Gampsorhynchus torquatus
Abbott's babbler Malacocincla abbotti
Horsfield's babbler Malacocincla sepiaria
Short-tailed babbler Malacocincla malaccensis
Moustached babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
Sooty-capped babbler Malacopteron affine Rare and globally threatened[45]
Scaly-crowned babbler Malacopteron cinereum
Rufous-crowned babbler Malacopteron magnum
White-chested babbler Trichastoma rostratum
Ferruginous babbler Trichastoma bicolor
Striped wren-babbler Kenopia striata Rare and globally threatened[46]
Chinese grassbird Graminicola striatus Critically endangered
Buff-breasted babbler Pellorneum tickelli
Spot-throated babbler Pellorneum albiventre
Puff-throated babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Black-capped babbler Pellorneum capistratum


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pnoepygidae

Common name Binomial Status
Pygmy wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla

Vireos and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Common name Binomial Status
Clicking shrike-babbler Pteruthius intermedius
Blyth's shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus
Black-eared shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis
White-bellied erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca

Long-tailed tits

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

The black-throated bushtit is locally common in the northern mountains of Thailand.
Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-throated bushtit Aegithalos concinnus

Australasian warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

Common name Binomial Status
Golden-bellied gerygone Gerygone sulphurea


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.

Japanese tit (Parus minor)
Common name Binomial Status
Fire-capped tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Japanese tit Parus minor
Cinereous tit Parus cinereous
Yellow-cheeked tit Parus spilonotus
Yellow-browed tit Sylviparus modestus
Sultan tit Melanochlora sultanea


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet.

Nuthatches, such as the velvet-fronted nuthatch, have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first.
Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-bellied nuthatch Sitta cinnamoventris Accidental
Burmese nuthatch Sitta neglecta
Chestnut-vented nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
Velvet-fronted nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Blue nuthatch Sitta azurea Accidental
Giant nuthatch Sitta magna
Beautiful nuthatch Sitta formosa


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.
Common name Binomial Status
Hume's treecreeper Certhia manipurensis

Sunbirds and spiderhunters

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Their flight is fast and direct on short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.
The brown-throated sunbird is fairly common in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Ruby-cheeked sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
Plain sunbird Anthreptes simplex
Brown-throated sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Red-throated sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus Rare
Purple-naped sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum
Copper-throated sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha
Purple-throated sunbird Leptocoma sperata
Van Hasselt's sunbird Leptocoma brasiliana
Purple sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
Olive-backed sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Mrs. Gould's sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae Winter visitor
Green-tailed sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis Resident in mountains
Black-throated sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Crimson sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Temminck's sunbird Aethopyga temminckii Rare
Fire-tailed sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda Accidental
Thick-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
Spectacled spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
Long-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta Rare
Little spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
Yellow-eared spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
Grey-breasted spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta
Streaked spiderhunter Arachnothera magna


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues.

The scarlet-backed flowerpecker is a rare resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
Crimson-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus
Scarlet-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus thoracicus
Thick-billed flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Yellow-vented flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Yellow-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum Uncommon, may breed
Orange-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
Plain flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
Fire-breasted flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Scarlet-backed flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum Rare resident in far south


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eyes.

The Japanese white-eye is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-flanked white-eye Zosterops erythropleurus Winter visitor
Oriental white-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Japanese white-eye Zosterops japonicus Winter visitor
Everett's white-eye Zosterops everetti
Striated yuhina Yuhina castaniceps
Whiskered yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
Indochinese yuhina Yuhina torqueola
Burmese yuhina Yuhina humilis

Old World orioles

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds, not closely related to the New World orioles.

The black-naped oriole is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Dark-throated oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
Black-naped oriole Oriolus chinensis Winter visitor
Slender-billed oriole Oriolus tenuirostris Winter visitor
Black-hooded oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon oriole Oriolus traillii
Silver oriole Oriolus mellianus Rare winter visitor


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Irenidae

The fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green.
Common name Binomial Status
Asian fairy-bluebird Irena puella


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for the habit of some species of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey.

The tiger shrike is a passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Tiger shrike Lanius tigrinus Fairly common passage migrant
Brown shrike Lanius cristatus Winter visitor
Burmese shrike Lanius collurioides Winter visitor
Long-tailed shrike Lanius schach Passage migrant
Grey-backed shrike Lanius tephronotus Winter visitor
Bay-backed shrike Lanius vittatus Accidental

Woodshrikes and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tephrodornithidae

Common name Binomial Status
Large woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
Common woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
Black-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
Rufous-winged philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum
Maroon-breasted philentoma Philentoma velatum


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground.

The bronzed drongo is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Resident and winter visitor
Ashy drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Resident and winter visitor
Crow-billed drongo Dicrurus annectans Winter visitor and passage migrant
Bronzed drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus remifer
Hair-crested drongo Dicrurus hottentottus Resident and winter visitor
Greater racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus paradiseus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings.
Common name Binomial Status
Ashy woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Crows and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.

The crested jay is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested jay Platylophus galericulatus
Black magpie Platysmurus leucopterus
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Red-billed blue magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Common green magpie Cissa chinensis
Indochinese green magpie Cissa hypoleuca
Rufous treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Grey treepie Dendrocitta formosae
Racket-tailed treepie Crypsirina temia
Ratchet-tailed treepie Temnurus temnurus Rare
Eurasian magpie Pica pica Accidental
House crow Corvus splendens Possibly extinct
Jungle crow Corvus macrorhynchos


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.
Common name Binomial Status
Asian glossy starling Aplonis panayensis
Spot-winged starling Saroglossa spiloptera Rare winter visitor
Golden-crested myna Ampeliceps coronatus
Common hill myna Gracula religiosa
Great myna Acridotheres grandis
Crested myna Acridotheres cristatellus
Jungle myna Acridotheres fuscus
Common myna Acridotheres tristis Range expansion through introductions[29]
Vinous-breasted starling Acridotheres burmannicus
Black-collared starling Gracupica nigricollis
Pied myna Gracupica contra
Daurian starling Agropsar sturnina Resident and passage visitor
Chestnut-cheeked starling Agropsar philippensis Accidental
White-shouldered starling Sturnia sinensis Winter visitor
Chestnut-tailed starling Sturnia malabarica Resident and winter visitor
Brahminy starling Sturnia pagodarum Accidental
Rosy starling Pastor roseus Very rare winter visitor
White-cheeked starling Sturnus cineraceus Accidental
Common starling Sturnus vulgaris Rare winter visitor

Weavers and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season.
Common name Binomial Status
Streaked weaver Ploceus manyar
Baya weaver Ploceus philippinus
Asian golden weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus

Waxbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns.

The red avadavat is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red avadavat Amandava amandava
Pin-tailed parrotfinch Erythrura prasina
White-rumped munia Lonchura striata
Scaly-breasted munia Lonchura punctulata
White-bellied munia Lonchura leucogastra
Chestnut munia Lonchura atricapilla
White-headed munia Lonchura maja
Java sparrow Lonchura oryzivora Common introduced species[29]


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating passerine birds with distinctively shaped bills. In the Old World, most species are named as "buntings". Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns.

The little bunting is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested bunting Melophus lathami Winter visitor
Tristram's bunting Emberiza tristrami Accidental
Chestnut-eared bunting Emberiza fucata Winter visitor
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla Winter visitor
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola Winter visitor
Chestnut bunting Emberiza rutila Winter visitor
Black-headed bunting Emberiza melanocephala Accidental
Red-headed bunting Emberiza bruniceps Accidental
Black-faced bunting Emberiza spodocephala Rare winter visitor


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.

The common rosefinch is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Accidental
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Accidental
Dark-breasted rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis Winter visitor
Common rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus Winter visitor
Pink-rumped rosefinch Carpodacus waltoni Accidental
Scarlet finch Carpodacus sipahi
Black-headed greenfinch Chloris ambigua Rare winter visitor
Chinese grosbeak Eophona migratoria Accidental
Collared grosbeak Mycerobas affinis Accidental
Spot-winged grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. They are seed-eaters, but also consume small insects.

The russet sparrow is rarely found in Thailand in winter.
Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus Recent colonist[2]
Russet sparrow Passer rutilans Rare winter visitor
Plain-backed sparrow Passer flaveolus
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus

See also


  1. ^ Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Thailand". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Lekagul, Boonsong; Round, Philip (1991) A Guide to the Birds of Thailand 7–19 ISBN 974-85673-6-2
  3. ^ Turner, Angela K; Rose, Chris (1989). A handbook to the Swallows and Martins of the World. Bromley: Christopher Helm. pp. 86–88.  
  4. ^ Kitti, Thonglongya (1968). "A new martin of the genus Pseudochelidon from Thailand". Thai National Scientific Papers, Fauna Series no. 1. 
  5. ^ Clements, James F. (2000). Birds of the World: a Checklist. Cornell University Press. p. 880.  
  6. ^ a b c d e Robson, Craig (2004). A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand. New Holland.  
  7. ^ Frith, CB (1978). in the Andaman Sea area, Indian Ocean"Puffinus tenuirostris"Short-tailed Shearwaters (PDF). Emu 78 (2): 95–97.  
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Pelecanus philippensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 10 May 2006.
  9. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Anhinga melanogaster. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  10. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Egretta eulophotes. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable
  11. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Mycteria cinerea. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map, a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable and the criteria used
  12. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  13. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Leptoptilos dubius. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is endangered
  14. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Pseudibis davisoni. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map, a brief justification of why this species is critically endangered and the criteria used
  15. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Thaumatibis gigantea. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is critically endangered and the criteria used
  16. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Platalea minor. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 9 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is endangered
  17. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Cairina scutulata. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a justification of why this species is endangered
  18. ^ Forsman, Dick (2008). The Raptors of Europe & the Middle East A Handbook of Field Identification. Princeton University Press. pp. 21–25.  
  19. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  20. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Arborophila charltonii. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 10 July 2007. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  21. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Rollulus rouloul. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 29 December 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is near threatened
  22. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Lophura ignita. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 30 October 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  23. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Grus antigone. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 18 May 2008. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable
  24. ^ Hayman, Peter; Marchant, John; Prater, Tony (1991). Shorebirds: An Identification Guide to the Waders of the World. Houghton Mifflin.  
  25. ^ Bakewell, David N; Kennerley Peter R. "Malaysia's "mystery" plover". Surfbirds. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  26. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Eurynorhynchus pygmeus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is endangered
  27. ^ "Eurynorhynchus pygmeus"Spoon-billed Sandpiper . Species factsheet. BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  28. ^ Upton, Nick. "Slaty-backed Gull, A new species for Thailand".  Retrieved 23 November 2009
  29. ^ a b c Yap, Charlotte A. M.; Sodhi, Navjot S. (2004). "Southeast Asian invasive birds: ecology, impact and Management" (PDF). Ornithological Science 3 (1): 57–67.  
  30. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Caloenas nicobarica. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  31. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Treron fulvicollis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 19 May 2008. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is threatened
  32. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Treron capellei. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 24 July 2007. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable
  33. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Otus sagittatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable
  34. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Otus rufescens. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  35. ^ BirdLife International (2007). Megalaima rafflesii. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable
  36. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Pitta caerulea. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  37. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Pitta elliotii. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  38. ^ "Gurney's Pitta - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  39. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Pitta granatina. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  40. ^ "Eurochelidon sirintarae".   Database entry includes justification for why this species is critically endangered
  41. ^ Humphrey, Stephen R.; Bain, James R. (1990). Endangered Animals of Thailand. CRC Press. pp. 228–9.  
  42. ^ Jønsson, K.A., J. Fjeldså, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt (2007) " and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida"Eupetes macrocerusSystematic placement of an enigmatic Southeast Asian taxon Biology Letters 3(3): 323–326
  43. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Pycnonotus zeylanicus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable
  44. ^ Round, Philip D.; Hansson, Bengt; Pearson, David J; Kennerley, Peter R; Bensch, Staffan (2007). "Lost and found: the enigmatic large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus rediscovered after 139 years". Journal of Avian Biology (Abstract) 38 (2): 133.  
  45. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Malacopteron affine. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  46. ^ BirdLife International (2006). Kenopia striata. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 17 May 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened

External links

  • Birdwatching in Thailand
  • Waders of Thailand (photos)
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