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List of cities in Germany with more than 100,000 inhabitants

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Title: List of cities in Germany with more than 100,000 inhabitants  
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List of cities in Germany with more than 100,000 inhabitants

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Hamburg
Location of the six largest cities in Germany, urban districts highlighted

This is a list of cities in Germany by population. In Germany, a city (Großstadt) is officially defined as an administration unit with a population greater than 100,000. The federal capital is shown in yellow, state capitals (except Schwerin, which does not meet the list criterion) in light blue.

This list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries. The largest urban area in Germany is the Ruhr, more accurately called the Ruhr district or Ruhr region (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott, Kohlenpott, Pott or Revier), which has an area of 4,435 km² and a population of some 5.2 million (2009). It is not in the list because it is not a single administrative unit, but is made up of cities like Essen and Dortmund.

For a list of all towns (i.e. places with populations under 100,000), as well as cities, see: List of towns and cities in Germany

List

Where a city has different names in English and German, the English name is given first.

Federal capital
State capital


Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2009
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Bundesland)
1. Country symbol of Berlin color.svg Berlin 3,336,026 3,274,016 3,208,719 3,048,759 3,433,695 3,382,169 3,442,675 3,460,725 887,70 3,899 2.32 1747 Country symbol of Berlin color.svg Berlin
2. Coat of arms of Hamburg.svg Hamburg 1,605,606 1,836,958 1,793,640 1,645,095 1,652,363 1,715,392 1,774,224 1,786,448 755,16 2,366 4.14 1787 Coat of arms of Hamburg.svg Hamburg
3. Muenchen Kleines Stadtwappen.svg Munich / München 831,937 1,101,384 1,311,978 1,298,941 1,229,026 1,210,223 1,330,440 1,353,186 310,69 4,355 11.81 1852 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
4. Wappen Koeln.svg Cologne / Köln 594,941 801,142 849,451 976,694 953,551 962,884 998,105 1,007,119 405,17 2,486 4.59 1852 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
5. Coats of arms of None.svg Frankfurt am Main 532,037 675,009 666,179 629,375 644,865 648,550 671,927 679,664 248,31 2,737 4.80 1875 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
6. Coat of arms of Stuttgart.svg Stuttgart 496,490 637,366 634,202 580,648 579,988 583,874 601,646 606,588 207,35 2,925 3.89 1874 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
7. Wappen der Landeshauptstadt Duesseldorf.svg Düsseldorf 500,516 697,891 660,963 590,479 575,794 569,364 586,217 588,735 217,22 2,710 3.40 1882 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
8. Coat of arms of Dortmund.svg Dortmund 507,349 640,802 640,642 608,297 599,055 588,994 581,308 580,444 280,71 2,068 −1.45 1894 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
9. DEU Essen COA.svg Essen 605,411 729,462 696,419 647,643 626,973 595,243 576,259 574,635 210,32 2,732 −3.46 1896 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
10. Bremen Wappen.svg Bremen 444,549 563,270 592,533 555,118 551,219 539,403 547,685 547,340 325,42 1,682 1.47 1875 Bremen Wappen.svg Bremen
11. Dresden Stadtwappen.svg Dresden 494,187 493,603 502,432 516,225 490,571 477,807 517,052 523,058 328,31 1,593 9.47 1852 Coat of arms of Saxony.svg Saxony
12. Coat of arms of Leipzig.svg Leipzig 617,574 589,632 583,885 562,480 511,079 493,208 518,862 522,883 297,36 1,758 6.02 1871 Coat of arms of Saxony.svg Saxony
13. Coat of arms of Hannover.svg Hanover / Hannover 444,296 574,672 521,003 534,623 513,010 515,001 520,966 522,686 204,14 2,560 1.49 1875 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
14. Wappen von Nürnberg.svg Nuremberg / Nürnberg 362,459 458,401 478,181 484,405 493,692 488,400 503,673 505,664 186,38 2,713 3.53 1881 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
15. Stadtwappen der Stadt Duisburg.svg Duisburg 410,783 503,641 452,721 558,089 535,447 514,915 491,931 489,599 232,83 2,103 −4.92 1904 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
16. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Bochum.svg Bochum 289,804 362,490 343,809 400,757 396,486 391,147 376,319 374,737 145,66 2,573 −4.20 1904 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
17. DEU Wuppertal COA.svg Wuppertal 363,224 421,378 417,694 393,381 383,660 366,434 351,050 349,721 168,39 2,077 −4.56 1884 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
18. Wappen-stadt-bonn.svg Bonn 115,394 146,889 275,722 288,148 292,234 302,247 319,841 324,899 141,22 2,301 7.49 1934 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
19. Wappen Bielefeld.svg Bielefeld 153,613 174,527 168,609 312,708 319,037 321,758 323,084 323,270 257,92 1,253 0.47 1930 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
20. Wappen Mannheim.svg Mannheim 245,634 311,383 332,378 304,303 310,411 306,729 311,969 313,174 144,96 2,160 2.10 1897 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
21. Coat of arms de-bw Karlsruhe.svg Karlsruhe 198,840 240,450 259,091 271,892 275,061 278,558 291,959 294,761 173,46 1,699 5.82 1901 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
22. Wappen Münster Westfalen.svg Münster 118,496 180,871 198,878 269,696 259,438 265,609 275,543 279,803 302,96 924 5.34 1915 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
23. Wappen Wiesbaden.svg Wiesbaden 220,741 257,293 250,715 274,464 260,301 270,109 277,493 275,976 203,93 1,353 2.17 1905 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
24. Augsburg wappen.svg Augsburg 185,183 206,422 213,230 248,346 256,877 254,982 263,646 264,708 146,84 1,803 3.81 1909 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
25. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Aachen.svg Aachen 129,811 170,367 175,451 243,947 241,861 244,386 258,380 258,664 160,84 1,608 5.84 1888 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
26. Mönchengladbach 124,879 152,414 151,085 258,424 259,436 263,014 258,251 257,993 170,45 1,514 −1.91 1921 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
27. DEU Gelsenkirchen COA.svg Gelsenkirchen 315,460 388,608 347,074 304,386 293,714 278,695 259,744 257,981 104,94 2,458 −7.43 1903 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
28. Wappen Braunschweig.svg Brunswick / Braunschweig 223,760 242,489 223,275 261,141 258,833 245,816 247,400 248,867 192,15 1,295 1.24 1890 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
29. Coat of arms of Chemnitz.svg Chemnitz 293,373 286,329 299,411 317,644 294,244 259,246 243,089 243,248 220,84 1,101 −6.17 1883 Coat of arms of Saxony.svg Saxony
30. Wappen Kiel.svg Kiel 254,449 271,610 271,070 250,062 245,567 232,612 238,281 239,526 118,65 2,019 2.97 1898 Coat of arms of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein
31. DEU Krefeld COA.svg Krefeld 171,875 211,479 222,666 223,969 244,020 239,916 235,414 235,076 137,75 1,707 −2.02 1888 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
32. Coat of arms of Halle (Saale).svg Halle 289,119 277,855 257,261 232,294 310,234 247,736 232,323 232,963 135,02 1,725 −5.96 1890 Wappen Sachsen-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt
33. Wappen Magdeburg.svg Magdeburg 260,305 261,594 272,237 289,032 278,807 231,450 230,456 231,549 200,99 1,152 0.04 1882 Wappen Sachsen-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt
34. Wappen Freiburg im Breisgau.svg Freiburg 109,717 141,637 163,568 175,106 191,029 205,102 221,924 224,191 153,06 1,465 9.31 1934 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
35. DEU Oberhausen COA.svg Oberhausen 202,808 258,626 246,199 228,947 223,840 222,151 214,024 212,945 77,11 2,762 −4.14 1914 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
36. Wappen Lübeck (Alt).svg Lübeck 238,276 232,140 239,955 220,588 214,758 213,399 209,818 210,232 214,21 981 −1.48 1912 Coat of arms of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein
37. Wappen Erfurt.svg Erfurt 188,650 186,448 196,528 211,575 208,989 200,564 203,830 204,994 269,14 762 2.21 1906 Coat of arms of Thuringia.svg Thuringia
38. Rostock Wappen.svg Rostock 133,109 158,630 198,636 232,506 248,088 200,506 201,442 202,735 181,26 1,118 1.11 1935 Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (great).svg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
39. Coat of arms of Mainz-2008 new.svg Mainz 88,369 133,089 174,858 187,392 179,486 182,870 197,778 199,237 97,74 2,038 8.95 1908 Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate
40. Coat of arms of Kassel.svg Kassel 162,132 206,354 214,785 195,912 194,268 194,766 194,774 195,530 106,78 1,831 0.39 1899 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
41. Stadtwappen der Stadt Hagen.svg Hagen 146,401 195,500 201,042 218,927 214,449 203,151 190,121 188,529 160,35 1,176 −7.20 1928 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
42. Wappen Hamm.svg Hamm 59,866 68,775 84,629 171,869 179,639 182,427 181,741 181,783 226,25 803 −0.35 1975 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
43. DEU Saarbruecken COA.svg Saarbrücken 111,450 129,801 128,251 193,554 191,694 183,257 175,810 175,741 167,09 1,052 −4.10 1909 Wappen des Saarlands.svg Saarland
44. Mülheim 149,589 183,979 192,183 181,279 177,681 172,862 167,471 167,344 91,29 1,833 −3.19 1908 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
45. Herne 111,591 113,252 103,849 182,542 178,132 174,529 165,632 164,762 51,41 3,205 −5.60 1933 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
46. Ludwigshafen 123,869 164,657 176,257 159,399 162,233 163,383 163,340 164,177 77,55 2,117 0.49 1921 Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate
47. Osnabrück 109,538 135,821 144,864 157,367 163,168 164,101 163,514 164,119 119,80 1,370 0.01 1939 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
48. Oldenburg 122,809 122,337 131,545 136,764 143,131 154,832 161,334 162,173 102,98 1,575 4.74 1946 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
49. Leverkusen 65,531 93,940 107,626 160,825 160,919 161,047 160,593 160,772 78,87 2,038 −0.17 1963 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
50. Solingen 147,845 170,619 177,124 166,085 165,401 164,973 160,992 159,927 89,54 1,786 −3.06 1929 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
51. Potsdam 118,180 115,004 111,336 130,900 139,794 129,324 154,606 156,906 187,53 837 21.33 1939 Brandenburg Wappen.svg Brandenburg
52. Neuss 63,478 93,680 116,013 149,334 147,019 150,013 151,280 151,388 99,53 1,521 0.92 1963 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
53. Heidelberg 116,488 127,595 121,398 133,227 136,796 140,259 146,466 147,312 108,83 1,354 5.03 1946 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
54. Paderborn 40,270 52,773 68,207 110,155 120,680 139,084 145,320 146,283 179,51 815 5.18 1975 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
55. Darmstadt 94,788 138,736 141,847 138,201 138,920 138,242 143,332 144,402 122,09 1,183 4.46 1937 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
56. Regensburg 117,291 123,751 130,888 132,604 121,691 125,676 134,218 135,520 80,70 1,679 7.83 1940 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
57. Würzburg 78,443 115,541 116,395 128,652 127,777 127,966 133,195 133,799 87,63 1,527 4.56 1932 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
58. Ingolstadt 40,523 52,540 70,594 90,490 105,489 115,722 124,387 125,088 133,37 938 8.09 1989 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
59. Heilbronn 64,643 87,203 102,300 111,938 115,843 119,305 122,415 122,879 99,88 1,230 3.00 1970 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
60. Ulm 71,132 90,383 93,158 100,671 110,529 117,233 122,087 122,801 118,69 1,035 4.75 1980 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
61. Wolfsburg 25,422 62,577 90,115 125,935 128,510 121,805 121,109 121,451 204,05 595 −0.29 1972 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
62. Göttingen 78,680 77,785 109,892 129,656 121,831 124,132 121,457 121,060 116,89 1,036 −2.47 1964 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
63. Offenbach 89,030 115,051 118,841 110,993 114,992 117,535 118,770 120,435 44,89 2,683 2.47 1954 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
64. Pforzheim 54,143 81,373 91,104 106,500 112,944 117,156 119,788 119,781 98,00 1,222 2.24 1975 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
65. Recklinghausen 104,791 130,405 125,369 119,418 125,060 124,785 119,050 118,365 66,43 1,782 −5.14 1949 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
66. Bottrop 93,268 111,246 106,225 114,571 118,936 120,611 117,241 116,771 100,61 1,161 −3.18 1953 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
67. Fürth 99,890 98,615 94,415 99,088 103,362 110,477 114,044 114,628 63,35 1,809 3.76 1950 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
68. Bremerhaven 114,070 141,017 142,919 138,728 130,446 120,822 114,031 113,366 93,82 1,208 −6.17 1939 Bremen Wappen.svg Bremen
69. Reutlingen 45,735 66,659 79,705 95,456 103,687 110,650 112,132 112,484 87,06 1,292 1.66 1988 Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg (lesser).svg Baden-Württemberg
70. Remscheid 103,276 125,912 136,822 129,082 123,155 119,287 111,422 110,563 74,60 1,482 −7.31 1929 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
71. Koblenz 66,444 97,867 120,079 113,676 108,733 107,950 106,445 106,417 105,05 1,013 −1.42 1962 Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate
72. Bergisch Gladbach 32,681 41,409 50,228 101,472 104,037 105,693 105,699 105,723 83,11 1,272 0.03 1977 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
73. Erlangen 50,011 68,569 85,061 101,845 102,440 100,778 105,554 105,629 76,95 1,373 4.81 1974 Landessymbol Freistaat Bayern.svg Bavaria
74. Moers 34,832 45,908 53,410 99,923 104,595 107,062 105,929 105,506 67,69 1,559 −1.45 1975 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
75. Trier 75,526 85,210 103,598 95,536 97,835 99,410 104,587 105,260 117,13 899 5.88 1969 Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate
76. Jena 80,309 81,190 88,130 103,718 102,518 99,893 104,449 105,129 114,47 918 5.24 1975 Coat of arms of Thuringia.svg Thuringia
77. Siegen 38,787 48,210 57,563 112,320 109,174 108,476 103,984 103,424 114,67 902 −4.66 1975 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
78. Hildesheim 72,292 94,352 93,373 102,619 105,291 103,909 102,903 102,794 92,18 1,115 −1.07 1974 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
79. Salzgitter 100,667 108,872 119,031 113,600 114,355 112,302 103,446 102,394 223,91 457 −8.82 1942 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony
80. Cottbus 60,874 66,813 83,444 113,479 125,891 108,491 101,671 102,091 164,29 621 −5.90 1976 Brandenburg Wappen.svg Brandenburg
Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2009
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Land)

References

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2006-12-20 of the equivalent article on the Deutsch World Heritage Encyclopedia.


Literature

  • Kaiserliches Statistisches Amt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1880-1918 (German)
  • Statistisches Reichsamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1919-1941/42 (German)
  • Deutscher Städtetag (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch Deutscher Gemeinden, 1890 ff. (German)
  • Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1952 ff. (German)
  • Staatliche Zentralverwaltung für Statistik (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1955-1989 (German)

See also

  • List of towns and cities in Germany
  • Metropolitan regions in Germany

External links

  • Statistisches Bundesamt - Gemeindeverzeichnis (German)
  • Deutscher Städtetag (German)
  • Germany by Map: All cities and communes

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