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List of ghost towns in British Columbia

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List of ghost towns in British Columbia

This is a list of ghost towns in the Canadian province of British Columbia, including those still partly inhabited or even overtaken by modern towns, as well as those completely abandoned or derelict. Region of location and associated events or enterprises are included.

Ghost towns Alternate Name(s) Locality/Region Location (BCGNIS) Events/Activity Company town Peak population & era Today's population Lifespan
Aleza Lake Upper Fraser, British Columbia Railway station 1914–1999
Alice Arm Alice Arm, Observatory Inlet North Coast (BCGNIS) Base for mining operations up the Kitsault River to the Cambria Icefield
Allenby Similkameen (BCGNIS) copper mining; see Copper Mountain
Alta Lake now part of Whistler (BCGNIS)
Alvin Pitt Lake (BCGNIS)
Anaconda Boundary (BCGNIS) copper mining & smelter Anaconda Copper 1894-1924(?)
Antler Creek Antler Cariboo (BCGNIS) (location of creek mouth, may be incorrect for settlement) gold
Anyox North Coast (Observatory Inlet) (BCGNIS) mining & smelter Granby Mining & Smelter Co. 10
Arrowhead Upper Arrow Lake (BCGNIS)
Bamberton Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) Cement plant BC Cement Company 1912–1980
Barkerville Cariboo (BCGNIS) Cariboo Gold Rush 16,000 100 (staff)
Barkley Valley Cayoosh Range, Lillooet Country (BCGNIS) Barkley Valley Mines, Ltd - gold/silver 0
Barnet Burnaby (Burrard Inlet) (BCGNIS) 0
Baynes Lake East Kootenay (BCGNIS) sawmill & railway Adolph Lumber Company 280
Bennett Bennett Lake, Bennett Lake City Klondike Gold Rush
Big Bar Sixty Mile, Big Bar Ferry Fraser Canyon 2,000 50 (IR)
Big Bend Columbia Big Bend Gold Rush 0
Birmingham Prince George Grand Trunk Pacific Railway construction/realty promotion 0
Blackfoot Similkameen Similkameen Gold Rush 0
Blakeburn Similkameen (BCGNIS) Coal Mining Coalmont Collieries (1927–1940) 250 (ca1932) 0
Boothroyd's Boothroyd, Canyon Alpine Fraser Canyon (BCGNIS) CPR
Boston Bar Quayome Fraser Canyon (BCGNIS) CPR
Boundary Falls Boundary smelter & railway 0
Bullion Cariboo (BCGNIS) Cariboo Gold Rush 0
Bralorne Bridge River gold mining 8,000 300
Bradian Bralorne Third Townsite Bridge River (BCGNIS) 2,000 20
Brexton Bridge River 3,000 20
Bridge River Six Mile, Lower Fountains, Lower Fountain Lillooet 3,000 50 (IR)
Britannia Beach Britannia; there were two towns, one called Mount Sheer or The Townsite on the mountain, and The Beach at sea level Howe Sound (BCGNIS) copper mining (hard rock)and milling 1904-1959 Britannia Mining & Smelting Company; 1959-1962 Howe Sound Company; 1962-1974 Anaconda several thousands in the 1940s and 1950s approx. 300 1904-1974 (now site of BC Mine Museum)
Brooklyn Boundary 0
Butedale Central Coast (BCGNIS) 2,000 10
Camborne Upper Arrow Lake (BCGNIS)
Camerontown Cameronton Cariboo (BCGNIS)
Camp McKinney Boundary 0
Cape Scott Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) religious colony (Danes) 500 10
Cassidy Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) coal mining 976
Carmi Okanagan (BCGNIS) 0
Cascade City Boundary (BCGNIS) 0
Cassiar Cassiar (BCGNIS) Cassiar Gold Rush and later mining
Caycuse Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) logging, sawmill & railway British Columbia Forest Products 400+ 52
Centreville Cassiar (BCGNIS)
Cherryville Okanagan (northern Monashees) (BCGNIS) 1000
Circle City Upper Arrow Lake-Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Clayburn Abbotsford (BCGNIS) clay mining/brickery 0
Coal Creek East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
Coalmont Similkameen Coal Mining Columbia Coal & Coke (est.1911) 400 (c. 1926) 80
Cody Slocan (BCGNIS)
Columbia Boundary (BCGNIS) 0
Comaplix Upper Arrow Lake (BCGNIS)
Copper Mountain Similkameen (BCGNIS) 0
Corbin East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
Coryell Gladstone Boundary (BCGNIS) Burnt Basin Gold Rush 0
Craigellachie Eagle Pass (BCGNIS) CPR construction
Deadwood Boundary (BCGNIS) 0
Dease Lake Dease Lake Post Stikine (BCGNIS) Cassiar Gold Rush; seat of Cassiar Mining District 500
Derby Old Fort Langley Fraser Valley founding of Colony of British Columbia-Fraser Canyon Gold Rush 40 (now rural area in Langley)
Discovery Cassiar (BCGNIS)
Donald Revelstoke (BCGNIS) CPR construction
Duncan City Howser Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Dunkeld Manson Creek Omineca (BCGNIS) Omineca Gold Rush
Eagle Pass Landing Shuswap (BCGNIS) CPR construction near today's Sicamous
East New Hazelton Hazelton area (BCGNIS) (record is for Hazelton) Grand Trunk Pacific Railway construction/realty promotion 0
East Princeton Similkameen 0
Eholt Boundary (BCGNIS) railway 0
Emory City Emory, Emory Bar Fraser Canyon Fraser Canyon Gold Rush & CPR construction 1858–1885
Fairview Okanagan (BCGNIS) 0
Ferguson Upper Arrow Lake-Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Fisherville Wild Horse, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kootenais East Kootenay (BCGNIS) Wild Horse Creek Gold Rush 1000 0 1863–1880
Fort Berens Lillooet (BCGNIS) fur trade, gold rush 0 never finished construction; adjacent to Parsonville and Marysville
Fort Fraser Nechako (New Caledonia) (BCGNIS) 0
Fort Keremeos Fort Similkameen Similkameen (BCGNIS) 0
Fort Kilmaurs Fort Babine, Babine Babine Lake (New Caledonia) (BCGNIS) 0
Fort Kootenay East Kootenay 0
Fort Rupert Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) coal mining 0
Fort Shepherd Fort Sheppard, Sheppard West Kootenay fur trade 0
Fort Steele East Kootenay (BCGNIS) Wild Horse Creek War (see Fisherville) staff
Fountain Upper Fountains, The Fountain, Fountain Flats Lillooet (BCGNIS) 300
Freeport Burns Lake area Grand Trunk Pacific Railway construction/realty promotion 0
Galena Bay Galena Upper Arrow Lake (BCGNIS)
Garibaldi Cheakamus River (BCGNIS railway lodge, ski cabins (see The Barrier)
Gerrard Upper Arrow Lake-Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Germansen's Landing Germansen Creek Omineca Country (BCGNIS) Omineca Gold Rush
Gladstone Coryell Boundary Burnt Basin Gold Rush (BCGNIS) 0
Gold Bridge Bridge River (BCGNIS) 3,000 300
Gold Hill Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Goldfields Upper Arrow Lake
Granite Creek Granite City, Granite Similkameen (BCGNIS) Tulameen Gold Rush 2000 (c. 1886) 0
Greenwood Boundary (BCGNIS) copper/galena mining & smelting 8,000 500 1897–present
Green River Soo Valley now part of Whistler (BCGNIS) mill camp, later hippie/skier squat BCR/PGE station was
Grouse Creek Cariboo Grouse Creek War
Harewood mid-Vancouver Island (Nanaimo)
Harrison Mills Carnarvon Fraser Valley (BCGNIS) sawmill & railway 3,000 30
Hedley Similkameen (BCGNIS) gold mining 300
Hendrix Lake Cariboo (BCGNIS) Boss Mountain Mine (molybdenum) Noranda (mining company) 300-500 (late 60's) 6 (approx) 1965-1972 (now primarily a cottage community)
Hill's Bar Fraser Canyon, 10 mi. south of Yale (BCGNIS) Fraser Canyon Gold Rush 0
Hogem Old Hogem Omineca Omineca Gold Rush
Holberg Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) religious colony (Danes); CFB Holberg (DEW Line) 500 10
Howellton Omineca Country Omineca Gold Rush
Illecillewaet Revelstoke (BCGNIS) CPR construction
Kansas Cariboo
Keefers Keefer, Keefer's Fraser Canyon near North Bend railway (CPR?)
Keithley Creek Cariboo (BCGNIS) Cariboo Gold Rush 40
Keremeos Centre Similkameen (BCGNIS link is to Keremeos 0
Kitsault North Coast (Observatory Inlet) (BCGNIS) Molybdenum mining & processing. Amax of Canada Ltd. 1200 1978–1983
Laketon Cassiar District (BCGNIS)
Lardeau City Upper Arrow Lake
Leadville Summit City Similkameen 0
Leechtown Vancouver Island (BCGNIS) 0
Lemon Creek Slocan (BCGNIS) Mining, Japanese internment
Lumberton East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
McDame Fort McDame, McDame Post Cassiar (BCGNIS) Cassiar Gold Rush
McGillivray Falls Lillooet (BCGNIS) railway resort
Manson Creek Omineca (BCGNIS) Omineca Gold Rush
Mica Columbia Big Bend Gold Rush 0
Michel East Kootenay CNP Coal CPR 1200 0 1898–1970
Minto City Bridge River 2,500 0
Monashee Townsite Okanagan 0
Morrissey East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
Morrissey Mines East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
Moyie City East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 450
Nashton Zwicky Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
New Denver Slocan (BCGNIS)
New Hogem Hogem; see also Old Hogem Omineca Country Omineca Gold Rush
Niagara Boundary Country Okanagan (BCGNIS) 0
North Bend Boston Bar (Name moved across the river when this community was renamed.) Fraser Canyon (BCGNIS) CPR
Ocean Falls Central Coast (BCGNIS) 50
Okanagan Mission Okanagan (BCGNIS) (now part of Greater Kelowna)
Olalla Similkameen (BCGNIS)
Omineca City Omineca Omineca Gold Rush
Parsonville Parsonsville Lillooet Fraser Canyon Gold Rush 0
Pemberton Meadows Lillooet (BCGNIS) 0
Phoenix Greenwood Camp Boundary (BCGNIS) Copper mining Granby Co. 4,000 (1919?) 0 1891–1951
Pinchi Lake Boundary (BCGNIS) 0
Poplar Creek Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Port Douglas Lillooet River-Harrison Lake (BCGNIS) Fraser Canyon Gold Rush 30 (Xa'xtsa people)
Port Essington North Coast (BCGNIS)
Porter Landing Cassiar District (BCGNIS)
Quesnel Forks Cariboo (BCGNIS) Cariboo Gold Rush
Red Gap Vancouver Island Straits Lumber Co 0 1912-1942 (some milling to 1950)
Retallack Whitewater, White Water Slocan (BCGNIS)
Richfield Cariboo Cariboo Gold Rush
Rock Creek Boundary (BCGNIS) 500 (area)
Sandon Slocan (BCGNIS) 500 (area)
Shalalth Bridge River Seton Lake, Bridge River (BCGNIS) 5000 700
Similkameen City Similkameen 0
Sointula Malcolm Island (Queen Charlotte Strait) (BCGNIS) Fabian/socialist colony (Finns) 800
Soo Valley Green River now part of Whistler (BCGNIS)
Spences Bridge Thompson Canyon (BCGNIS) Cariboo Road, CPR
Stanley Cariboo (BCGNIS) Cariboo Gold Rush 1500 (in 1900) 0 (?)
Stave Falls Stave Gardens Lower Mainland (BCGNIS) BCER 2-3,000 500 (area)
Steamboat Mountain Silverhope Creek, Hope area 0
Tashme Hope-Princeton Highway (BCGNIS) Japanese-Canadian internment camp 0
Tasu Tassoo, Old Tassoo, Tasu Sound Morseby Island, Queen Charlottes (BCGNIS) gold mine & camp various owners, most lately WesFrob Mines, a subsidiary of Falconbridge 0
Tête Jaune Cache Robson Valley Grand Trunk Pacific Railway construction
Three Forks Slocan (BCGNIS)
Three Valley Gap Eagle Pass
Tipella City Tipella Harrison Lake (BCGNIS) real estate promotion/townsite
Trout Lake City Trout Lake Upper Arrow Lake-Kootenay Lake (BCGNIS)
Tulameen Otter Flat Similkameen (BCGNIS)
Upper Keremeos Similkameen 0
Volcanic City Boundary 1 0
Waldo East Kootenay (BCGNIS) 0
Walhachin Thompson (BCGNIS) 150
Waterloo West Kootenay after abandonment, location of ferry operated by Doukhobor community 150
Zincton Slocan (BCGNIS)

See also

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  • Bruce Ramsey, Ghost Towns of British Columbia, Mitchell Press, Vancouver, 1963, OCLC: 39371
  • T W Paterson, Encyclopedia of ghost towns & mining camps of British Columbia, Stagecoach Pub., Langley, 1979, ISBN
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