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List of heads of state of Albania

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Title: List of heads of state of Albania  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sali Berisha, Ramiz Alia, Politics of Albania, List of Prime Ministers of Albania, June Revolution
Collection: Lists of Heads of State, Lists of Political Office-Holders in Albania, Presidents of Albania
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List of heads of state of Albania

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

This is a list of heads of state of Albania, since the Declaration of Independence of Albania from the Ottoman Empire in 1912.

The second section lists the First Secretaries of the Party of Labour of Albania (PPSH) in 1941-1991. From 1944 onwards, the First Secretary was the country's de facto chief executive.

Contents

  • Heads of State of Albania (1912–present) 1
    • Independent Albania (1912–1914) 1.1
    • Principality of Albania (1914–1925) 1.2
    • Albanian Republic (1925–1928) 1.3
    • Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939) 1.4
    • Italian Occupation (1939–1943) 1.5
    • German Occupation (1943–1944) 1.6
    • Communist Albania (1944–1991) 1.7
    • Republic of Albania (1991–present) 1.8
  • First Secretaries of the Albanian Communist/Labour Party (1941–1991) 2
  • Standards 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5

Heads of State of Albania (1912–present)

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Independent Albania (1912–1914)

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the National Assembly
1 Ismail Qemali Bej 1844–1919 28 November 1912 29 November 1912 Independent
Chairman of the Provisional Government
Ismail Qemali Bej 1844–1919 29 November 1912 22 January 1914 Independent
Chairman of the Central Government
2 Fejzi Bej Alizoti 1876–1914 22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Independent

Principality of Albania (1914–1925)

Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end
Prince of Albania (House of Wied)
3 Vidi I, Skanderbeg II 1876–1945 7 March 1914 3 September 1914
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the Provisional Government
4 Essad Pasha Toptani 1863–1920 5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Independent
No national government (24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
5 Turhan Pasha Përmeti 1846–1927 28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Independent
Chairman of the National Government
6 Sulejman Bej Delvina 1884–1932 28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Independent
High Council of Regency 30 January 1920 31 January 1925
Fan S. Noli
Acting for High Council
1882–1965 2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Albanian Liberal Party

Albanian Republic (1925–1928)

President
7 Ahmet Zogu 1895–1961 1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Albanian Conservative Party

Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)

Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end
King of the Albanians (House of Zogu)
(7) Zog I, Skanderbeg III 1895–1961 1 September 1928 7 April 1939

Italian Occupation (1939–1943)

King of Albania (House of Savoy)
8 Victor Emmanuel III
represented by: —
1869–1947 16 April 1939 8 September 1943
Francesco Jacomoni
di San Savino
,
Lieutenant-General
1893–1973 22 April 1939 18 March 1943
Alberto Pariani,
Lieutenant-General
1876–1955 March 1943 6 September 1943

German Occupation (1943–1944)

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the High Council of Regency
9 Mehdi Bej Frashëri 1872–1963 20 October 1943 28 November 1944 Balli Kombëtar

Communist Albania (1944–1991)

Chairman of the Presidium of the Antifascist Council of National Liberation
10 Omer Nishani 1887–1954 26 May 1944 12 January 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairman of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly
Omer Nishani 1887–1954 12 January 1946 16 March 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
Omer Nishani 1887–1954 16 March 1946 1 August 1953 Communist Party of Albania
(until 1948)
Party of Labour of Albania
11 Haxhi Lleshi 1913–1998 1 August 1953 22 November 1982 Party of Labour of Albania
12 Ramiz Alia 1925–2011 22 November 1982 30 April 1991 Party of Labour of Albania

Republic of Albania (1991–present)

Presidents
(12) Ramiz Alia 1925–2011 30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour of Albania
(until 1991)
Socialist Party of Albania
Kastriot Islami
Acting President
1952– 3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Socialist Party of Albania
Pjetër Arbnori
Acting President
1935–2006 6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Democratic Party of Albania
13 Sali Berisha 1944– 9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party of Albania
Skënder Gjinushi
Acting President
1949– 24 July 1997
(several hours)
Social Democratic Party of Albania
14 Rexhep Meidani 1944– 24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party of Albania
15 Alfred Moisiu 1929– 24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Independent
16 Bamir Topi 1957– 24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party of Albania
17 Bujar Nishani 1966– 24 July 2012 Incumbent Democratic Party of Albania

First Secretaries of the Albanian Communist/Labour Party (1941–1991)

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party Notes
1 Enver Hoxha 1908–1985 8 November 1941 11 April 1985 PKSH/PPSH Also Prime Minister (1944–1954)
2 Ramiz Alia 1925–2011 13 April 1985 4 May 1991 PPSH Also Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Assembly (1982–1991)

Standards

See also

External links

  • Presidency of Albania (official site)
  • A brief history of the institution
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