List of the largest hydroelectric power stations

This article provides a list of the largest hydroelectric power stations by generating capacity. Only plants with capacity larger than 2,000 MW are listed.

The Three Gorges Dam in Hubei, China, has the world's largest instantaneous generating capacity (22,500 MW), with the Itaipu Dam in Brazil/Paraguay in second place (14,000 MW). Despite large differences in installed capacity of these two power stations, during the course of an entire year they generate equal amounts of electrical energy - Itaipu 98.2 TWh in 2012[1] and Three Gorges 98.1 TWh in 2012,[2] because the Three Gorges experiences six months per year when there is very little water available to generate power, while the Paraná River that feeds the Itaipu has a much lower seasonal variance in flow.

The Three Gorges (22,500 MW - 32 × 700 MW and 2 × 50 MW) is operated jointly with the much smaller Gezhouba Dam (2,715 MW), the total generating capacity of this two-dam complex is 25,215 MW. The Itaipu on the Brazil-Paraguay border has 20 generator units with overall 14,000 MW of installed capacity, however the maximum number of generating units allowed to operate simultaneously cannot exceed 18 (12,600 MW).

The Jinsha River (the upper stream of Yangtze River) complex is the largest hydroelectric generating system currently under construction. It has 3 phases. Phase one includes 4 dams on the downstream of the Jinsha River. They are Wudongde Dam, Baihetan Dam, Xiluodu Dam, and Xiangjiaba Dam, with generating capacity of 8,700 MW, 13,050 MW, 13,860 MW, and 6,400 MW respectively. Phase two includes 8 dams on the middle stream of the Jinsha River. The total generating capacity is 21,150 MW. Phase three includes 8 dams on the upper stream of the Jinsha River. The total generating capacity is 8,980 MW. The total combined capacity of the Jinsha complex with the Three Gorges complex will be 97,355 MW.

Largest power stations

This table lists currently operational power stations with installed capacity of at least 2,000 MW. Some of these may have additional units under construction, but only current installed capacity is listed.

Rank Name Country River Installed Capacity (MW) Annual electricity production (TW-hour)[3] Years of completion Area flooded (km²)
1 Three Gorges Dam  People's Republic of China Yangtze 22,500 98.1[2] 2003/2012 [4] 632
2 Itaipu Dam  Brazil  Paraguay Paraná 14,000 98.3[1] 1984/1991, 2003[5] 1,350
3 Guri  Venezuela Caroní 10,200 53.41 1978, 1986 4,250
4 Tucuruí  Brazil Tocantins 8,370 41.43 1984 3,014
5 Grand Coulee  United States Columbia 6,809 20[6] 1942/1950, 1973, 1975/1980, 1984/1985[7] 324
6 Sayano–Shushenskaya  Russia Yenisei 6,721[8] 26.8 1985/1989, 2010/2014[9] 621
7 Longtan Dam  People's Republic of China Hongshui 6,426 18.7[10] 2007/2009
8 Krasnoyarsk  Russia Yenisei 6,000 20.4 1972 2,000
9 Robert-Bourassa  Canada La Grande 5,616[11][12] 26.5 1979/1981 2,835
10 Churchill Falls  Canada Churchill 5,428[13] 35 1971/1974 6,988
11 Bratsa  Russia Angara 4,500 22.6 1967 5,470
12 Laxiwa Dam  People's Republic of China Yellow 4,200[14] 10.2 2010
12 Xiaowan Dam  People's Republic of China Mekong 4,200 [15] 19 2010 190
14 Ust Ilimskaya  Russia Angara 3,840 21.7 1980
15 Tarbela Dam  Pakistan Indus 3,478 13 1976 250
16 Ilha Solteira Dam  Brazil Paraná 3,444 17.9 1973
17 Ertan Dam  People's Republic of China Yalong 3,300 17 1999
17 Pubugou Dam  People's Republic of China Dadu 3,300 2009/2010
19 Macagua  Venezuela Caroní 3,167.5 15.2 1961, 1996 47
20 Xingó Dam  Brazil São Francisco 3,162 18.7[16] 1994/1997
21 Yacyretá  Argentina  Paraguay Paraná 3,100 20.09 1994/1998, 2011 1,600
22 Nurek Dam  Tajikistan Vakhsh 3,015 11.2 1972/1979, 1988 98
23 Bath County PSP  United States - 3,003 3.32 1985, 2004
24 Goupitan Dam  People's Republic of China Wu 3,000 [17] 9.67 2009/2011 94
25 W. A. C. Bennett Dam  Canada Peace River 2,876 13.1 1968, 2012
26 La Grande-4  Canada La Grande 2,779[12] 1986
27 Gezhouba Dam  People's Republic of China Yangtze 2,715 17.01 1988
28 Manic-5 and Manic-5-PA  Canada Manicouagan 2,656[18] 1970/1971, 1989/1990
29 Chief Joseph Dam  United States Columbia 2,620 12.5 1958/73/79
30 Volzhskaya (Volgogradskaya)  Russia Volga 2,582.5 10.43[19] 1961
31 Niagara Falls (US)  United States Niagara 2,525 [20] 1961
32 Revelstoke Dam  Canada Columbia 2,480 1984, 2011 115
33 Paulo Afonso IV  Brazil São Francisco 2,462.4[21] 1979/1983
34 Chicoasén (Manuel M. Torres) Dam  Mexico Grijalva 2,430 1980, 2005
35 La Grande-3  Canada La Grande 2,418[12] 1984
36 Atatürk Dam  Turkey Euphrates 2,400 8.9 1990
36 Jinanqiao Dam  People's Republic of China Jinsha 2,400 2010
36 Sơn La Dam  Vietnam Black 2,400 10.25 2010/2012
36 Bakun Dam  Malaysia Balui 2,400 2011
36 Liyuan Dam  People's Republic of China Jinsha 2,400 2012
36 Guandi Dam  People's Republic of China Yalong 2,400 2013
42 Zhiguliovskaya (Samarskaya)  Russia Volga 2,335 8.8[19] 1957
44 Karun III Dam  Iran Karun 2,280 4.17 2005
44 Iron Gates-I  Romania  Serbia Danube 2,192 11.3 1970
45 Caruachi  Venezuela Caroní 2,160 12.95 2006
45 John Day Dam  United States Columbia 2,160 1949
47 La Grande-2-A  Canada La Grande 2,106[12][22] 1992
48 Aswan  Egypt Nile 2,100 11 1970
49 Itumbiara  Brazil Paranaíba 2,082 1980
50 Hoover Dam  United States N. Platte 2,080 4 1936/1939, 1961
51 Cleuson-Dixence Complex   Switzerland - 2,069 4.51 1965, 1998
52 Cahora Bassa  Mozambique Zambezi 2,025 1975/1977
53 Bureya Dam  Russia Bureya 2,010 5.07[19] 2009
54 Lijiaxia Dam  People's Republic of China Yellow 2,000 1997/2000
54 Karun I (Shahid Abbaspour) Dam  Iran Karun 2,000 1976, 1995, 2006
54 Masjed Soleyman Dam  Iran Karun 2,000 3.7 2002/2007

Under construction

This table lists stations under construction with expected installed capacity at least 2,000 MW.

Name Country River Expected capacity (MW) Expected completion Location
Baihetan  China Jinsha 13,050 2019 15|06|N|103|39|34|E| name=Baihetan Dam

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Belo Monte  Brazil Xingu 11,000 2015 17|0|S|52|12|00|W| name=Belo Monte Dam

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Boguchany Dam  Russia Angara River 3,000 2013
Bunji  Pakistan Indus 7,100 2022 39|N|74|36|E name=Bunji Hydropower

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Changheba  China Dadu 2,600 2016 24|13|N|102|07|07|E| name=Changheba Dam

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Dagangshan  China Dadu 2,600 2015 26|55|N|101|13|07|E| name=Dagangshan Dam

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Diamer  Pakistan Indus 4,500 2020 31|0.64|N|73|47|32|E| name=Diamer-Bhasha Dam

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Ethiopian Renaissance  Ethiopia Blue Nile 6,000 2018 12|51|N|35|5|35|E| name=Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

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Guanyinyan  China Jinsha 3,000 2015 31|17|N|101|26|16|E| name=Guanyinyan Dam

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Jinping-I  China Yalong 3,600 2013 11|07|N|101|37|42|E| name=Jinping-I Hydropower Station

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Jinping-II  China Yalong 4,800 2014 14|20|N|101|38|32|E| name=Jinping-II Hydropower Station

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Jirau  Brazil Madeira 3,750 2013 15|0|S|64|24|0|W| name=Jirau Dam

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Lianghekou  China Yalong 3,000 2015 09|46|N|101|00|49|E| name=Lianghekou Dam

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Ludila  China Jinsha 2,160 2015
Myitsone  Myanmar Irrawaddy 3,600 2017 41|43|N|97|29|49|E| name=

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Nuozhadu  China Mekong 5,850 2015 33|51|N|100|30|46|E| name=Nuozhadu Dam

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Rogun  Tajikistan Vakhsh 3,600 2015 41|03|N|69|46|25.8|E| name=Rogun Dam

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Shuangjiangkou  China Dadu 2,000 2018 47|29|N|101|56|03|E| name=Shuangjiangkou Dam

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Subansiri  India Subansiri 2,000 2014 33|13|N|94|15|31|E| name=Subansiri Lower Dam

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TaSang  Myanmar Salween 7,110 2022 27|23|N|98|39|0|E| name=

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Tocoma  Venezuela Caroní 2,160 2014 33|13|N|94|15|31|E| name=Tocoma Dam

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Wudongde  China Jinsha 8,700 2015 20|02|N|102|37|48|E| name=Wudongde Dam

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Xiangjiaba  China Jinsha 6,400 2015 38|57|N|104|22|14|E| name=Xiangjiaba Dam

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Xiluodu  China Yangtze 13,860 2013 15|52|N|103|38|47|E| name=Xiluodu Dam

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See also

References

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