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Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge

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Title: Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge Complex, List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States, Natural Bridges State Marine Reserve, Raccoon, Lower Klamath Lake
Collection: 1908 Establishments in Oregon, Landforms of Klamath County, Oregon, Landforms of Siskiyou County, California, National Historic Landmarks in California, National Historic Landmarks in Oregon, National Register of Historic Places in Klamath County, Oregon, National Wildlife Refuges in California, National Wildlife Refuges in Oregon, Protected Areas of Klamath County, Oregon, Protected Areas of Siskiyou County, California, Wetlands of California, Wetlands of Oregon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge

Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Marsh Scene at Lower Klamath NWR
Map showing the location of Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge
Location Siskiyou County, California / Klamath County, Oregon, United States
Nearest city Klamath Falls, OR
Coordinates [1]
Area 50,913 acres (206.04 km2) [2]
Established 1908
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Reference no. 66000238[3]
Designated January 12, 1965[3]

The Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the United States on the border between California and Oregon. It is operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge was designated a National Historic Landmark on October 16, 1965.[3]

Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge, established by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1908, was the first waterfowl refuge in the United States. It is located in the Klamath Basin near Klamath Falls, Oregon. It has a total area of 50,912.68 acres (206.04 km2), of which 44,294.55 acres (179.25 km2) are in California and 6,618.13 acres (26.78 km2) are in Oregon.[2] The refuge includes shallow freshwater marshes, open water, grassy uplands, and croplands that are intensively managed to provide foraging and breeding habitat for waterfowl and other animals.

Refuge objecives include the protection of habitat for flora and fauna, including migrating waterfowl, and preserving the biodiversity of the Klamath Basin. It works to integrate wetlands and sustainable agriculture and promote integrated pest management. The refuge provides wildlife-related public services, including education, hunting, and viewing and photography opportunities.

Avian species on the refuge include the bald eagle, golden eagle, American white pelican, white-faced ibis, snow goose, Ross's goose, greater white-fronted goose, Canada goose, peregrine falcon, northern pintail, mallard, gadwall, canvasback, western grebe, eared grebe, black tern, and tricolored blackbird.

Conservation and management activities include the maintenance of a local water infrastructure and the monitoring of the interaction between agriculture and habitat. Issues in focus include the loss of wetland habitat, the degradation of water quality, drought, and water rights.


  • Gallery 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

  1. ^ "Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge".  
  2. ^ a b "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2009" (PDF).  
  3. ^ a b c "Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 

External links

  • "Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 
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