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Marble Hill House

Marble Hill House, South (river) front
Marble Hill House, North (town) front
Marble Hill House, detail from a 1749 engraving by Augustin Heckell

Marble Hill House is a villa and for plantation houses in the American colonies.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Notable guests 2
  • Derivative buildings 3
  • Present day 4
  • Access 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Description

Designs for Marble Hill House by Lord Herbert & Roger Morris, 1724–29. Collection of Royal Institute of British Architects

Marble Hill House was built in 1724–1729 by Chinoiserie collection of the Lazenby Bequest.[3]

Notable guests

Both Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift spent many happy hours at Marble Hill as Henrietta Howard's guests.

Derivative buildings

King's Nympton Park, Devon, built as "New Place" by James Buller (1717–1765) between 1746 and 1749 to the design of Francis Cartwright of Blandford in Dorset, based on Marble Hill House[4]

Shortly after its building the architecture of Marble Hill House became widely known from published engravings, and was widely admired for its compact plan and tightly controlled elevations. Its design was soon copied elsewhere, rarely in the 1730s and 1740s[5] but more commonly thereafter, and provided a standard model for the English villas built throughout the Thames Valley and further afield, for example New Place, King's Nympton, Devon, built between 1746 and 1749 to the design of Francis Cartwright of Blandford in Dorset.[4]

One of the capricci by Giovanni Paolo Pannini in Marble Hill House

Present day

The house is now owned by English Heritage, which acquired it in 1986 following the abolition of the Greater London Council. The house with its extensive grounds are known as Marble Hill Park and provide many leisure facilities including a cricket pitch and nets, tennis courts, a putting green and a children's play area.

Access

Five London bus routes stop outside the park gates; the 33, 490, H22, R68 and R70. Another, the H37, stops nearby in St Margaret's Road. The nearest station is St Margarets on the Waterloo to Reading line, a short walk to the north.

Hammerton's Ferry links the gardens to Ham House on the opposite bank of the River Thames.

See also

References

  1. ^ Marie P. G. Draper and W.A. Eden, Marble Hill House and its Owners 1970.
  2. ^ RIBA "Palladio and Britain"
  3. ^ John Jacob and Elizabeth Einberg, Marble Hill House, Catalogue
  4. ^ a b Nikolaus Pevsner and Bridget Cherry, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.522
  5. ^ Speaking of Chiswick, Marble Hill and Stourhead, "If we look round for imitations of these in the thirties and forties, there are not so very many", Sir John Summerson observed, (Architecture in Britain, 1530 to 1830 9th ed. "Palladian permutations: the villa", 1993:347).

Julius Bryant, Marble Hill (English Heritage, 2002)

External links

  • English Heritage – information for visitors
  • Teachers' resource kit : English Heritage
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