World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maria of Gothia

Article Id: WHEBN0018362223
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maria of Gothia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Principality of Theodoro, List of exiled and pretending Byzantine Empresses
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maria of Gothia

Maria of Gothia was the first wife of David of Trebizond.

Family

She was a daughter of Alexios I of Theodoro, ruler of the Principality of Theodoro in Crimea.[1] Theodoro was also known as Gothia because its territory had previously belonged to the Crimean Goths, who had undergone Hellenization under the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Her family were the Gabras, considered to be Byzantine Greeks of partial Armenian descent.

Alexios I was a son of Stephen of Theodoro, who emigrated to Moscow in 1391 or 1402 along with his son Gregory. Stephen's patronymic suggests he may have been the son of Basil of Theodoro.[1] The relation of Stephen to the first known prince of Theodoro, Demetrios is uncertain, though Demetrios could be his grandfather.

The Goths in the Crimea (1936) by Alexander Vasiliev presented the theory that Demetrios and his successors were descendants of Constantine Gabras, the doux of Trebizond in the early 12th century.[2] Constantine is considered a nephew of Theodore Gabras, the 11th century Duke of Trebizond mentioned in the Alexiad by Anna Komnene. However the exact relation is uncertain; Constantine could also be a younger brother or even son of Theodore.[3]

Marriage

Maria sailed from Gothia, and married David of Trebizond in September, 1426 in Trebizond.[4] A report by historian Theodore Spandounes, dated to 1538 names the wife of David as Helena Kantakouzene, the sister of Irene Kantakouzene. Spandounes adds that Helena was visited by her brother George in Trebizond sometime after 1437, which implies Maria may have been dead by that time.[5] On the other hand, based on an epitaph composed by John Eugenikos for her nephew Alexis, who died in Trebizond, Maria's brother John and her nephew Alexis were resident in Trebizond in 1447.[1] It is unlikely they would have remained there after her death and her son-in-law's subsequent remarriage.

The children of David have been attributed variously to Maria or Helena by various genealogies. They included Basil, Manuel and George Komnenos, princes decapitated by orders of Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire in 1463. Their sister Anna married first Mohammed Zagan Pasha, Beglerbeg of Macedonia and secondly to Sinan Beg, son of Ilvan Beg. Another daughter reportedly married Mamia II, Prince of Guria. Cyril Toumanoff gives Maria, a third daughter, as wife of Constantine Mourousis.[6][7]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Anthony Bryer, "A Byzantine Family: The Gabrades, c. 979 – c. 1653", University of Birmingham Historical Journal, 12 (1970), p. 184
  2. ^ Alexander Alexandrovich Vasiliev, The Goths in the Crimea (Cambridge: Monographs of the Medieval Academy of America, XI, 1936)
  3. ^ Bryer, "A Byzantine Family", p. 177
  4. ^ Michael Panaretos, Chronicle, 57. Greek text in Original-Fragmente, Chroniken, Inschiften und anderes Materiale zur Geschichte des Kaiserthums Trapezunt, pt.2; in Abhandlungen der historischen Classe der königlich bayerischen Akademie 4 (1844), abth. 1, p. 40; German translation, p. 69
  5. ^ Donald M. Nicol, The Byzantine Family of Kantakouzenos (Cantacuzenus) ca. 1100-1460: a Genealogical and Prosopographical Study (Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1968), p. 177
  6. ^ Cawley, Charles, Profile of David of Trebizond and his children, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,
  7. ^ Kelsey J. Williams, A Valid Seljukid Descent

References

  • Cawley, Charles, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,

External links

  • About Gabras dynasty
Royal titles
Preceded by
Daughter of Dawlat Berdi
Empress consort of Trebizond
c. 1438–c. 1459
Succeeded by
Helena Kantakouzene
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.