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Marie Henriette of Austria

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Title: Marie Henriette of Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Belgium, Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, Princess Clémentine of Belgium, Princess Louise of Belgium, Queen Mathilde of Belgium
Collection: 1836 Births, 1902 Deaths, Archduchesses of Austria, Austrian Princesses, Belgian Princesses, Belgian Queens Consort, Bohemian Princesses, Burials at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken, Dames of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa, Grand Cordons of the Order of Leopold (Belgium), Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Charles (Mexico), House of Habsburg-Lorraine, House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Belgium), Hungarian Princesses, Ladies of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert, Princesses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Recipients of the Golden Rose
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Marie Henriette of Austria

Marie Henriette
Queen consort of the Belgians
Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony
Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary
Queen Marie Henriette.
Queen consort of the Belgians
Tenure 10 December 1865 – 19 September 1902
Born (1836-08-23)23 August 1836
Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary
Died 19 September 1902(1902-09-19) (aged 66)
Hôtel du Midi, Spa, Belgium
Spouse Leopold II, King of the Belgians
Issue Louise, Princess Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant
Stéphanie, Crown Princess of Austria
Clémentine, Princess Napoléon
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine (by birth)
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
(by marriage)
Father Archduke Joseph of Austria
Mother Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg

Marie Henriette of Austria (Marie Henriette Anne; 23 August 1836 – 19 September 1902) was Queen consort of the Belgians. She was married to King Leopold II of Belgium.

Marie Henriette was one of five children from the marriage of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary, and Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg. Marie Henriette was a cousin of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, and granddaughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor through her father. Marie Henriette was lively, energetic, and endeared herself to the people by her elevated character and indefatigable benevolence, while her beauty gained for her the sobriquet of "The Rose of Brabant".[1] She was also an accomplished artist and musician, and a fine horsewoman.


  • Marriage and issue 1
  • Issue 2
  • Ancestry 3
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 4
    • Titles and styles 4.1
    • Honours 4.2
      • Belgium 4.2.1
      • Foreign 4.2.2
  • References 5

Marriage and issue

Marie Henriette and Leopold II of Belgium

When she was 16, she married 18-year-old Prince Leopold of Belgium, the heir to the throne, on 22 August 1853. Leopold was the second-surviving son of Leopold I of Belgium and his French wife, Louise of Orléans; Marie Henriette was the sister-in-law of Charlotte of Belgium, future Empress of Mexico and a cousin by marriage to Victoria of the United Kingdom and Maria II of Portugal.

The marriage was arranged to strengthen the status of the Belgian Monarchy: as the former Protestant monarch of a newly established monarchy, the Belgian King wished his son to marry a member from a Roman Catholic and prestigious dynasty, and the name Habsburg was one of her more important qualities.

Henriette was a vivid and energetic person interested in riding. Pauline de Metternich wrote that theirs was a marriage "between a stable-boy and a nun, and by nun I mean the Duke of Brabant". Henriette is said to have had a terrible temperament. The marriage became unhappy and the couple lived more or less separate lives. She became queen in 1865. After the death of their son in 1869, the couple separated completely after having made a last attempt to have another son, which, however, resulted in their daughter Clementine. She gave her daughters a very strict upbringing. Her main interest was in her Hungarian horses. She lived most of her life unhappy and discontented. In 1895 she retreated to Spa to live out the remainder of her days; her youngest daughter Clementine replaced her as First Lady at the Court in Brussels for the remainder of her husband's life.

Marie Henriette died at the 'Hôtel du Midi in Spa; she had bought the house 1895 after separating with her husband. She was buried in the Royal Crypt at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken in Brussels. Her husband later married (though illegally under Belgian law) his mistress Caroline Delacroix.

She was the 607th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen Maria Luisa. Marie Henriette also held the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert.



Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 23 August 1836 – 22 August 1853 Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria
  • 22 August 1853 – 17 December 1865 Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Duchess of Brabant
  • 17 December 1865 – 19 September 1902 Her Majesty The Queen of the Belgians





  1. ^  
Marie Henriette of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 23 August 1836 Died: 19 September 1902
Belgian royalty
Title last held by
Louise of Orléans
Queen consort of the Belgians
Title next held by
Elisabeth in Bavaria
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