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Minot Air Force Station

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Title: Minot Air Force Station  
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Subject: Aerospace Defense Command, 1979 disestablishments in North Dakota, Willow Run Air Force Station, Bendix AN/FPS-18 Radar, Bendix AN/FPS-14 Radar
Collection: 1951 Establishments in North Dakota, 1979 Disestablishments in North Dakota, 1984 Establishments in North Dakota, 1997 Disestablishments in North Dakota, Aerospace Defense Command Military Installations, Buildings and Structures in Ward County, North Dakota, Closed Facilities of the United States Air Force, Military Facilities in North Dakota, Radar Stations of the United States Air Force, Sage Sites, Stations of the United States Air Force
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Minot Air Force Station

Minot Air Force Station
Part of Air Defense Command (ADC)
Gasman Township, Ward County, south of Minot, North Dakota
Minot AFS is located in North Dakota
Minot AFS
Location of Minot AFS, North Dakota
Coordinates
Type Air Force station
Code QJVM (ILC)
Site information
Owner civilian
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
In use May 1951–September 1979, 1984–1997
Garrison information
Garrison 786th Radar Squadron

Minot Air Force Station (ADC ID: P-28 NORAD ID: Z-28) [Permanent Installation Number (PIN): 1445; Installation Location Code (ILC): QJVM]) is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It is located 16.2 miles (26.1 km) south of Minot, North Dakota; on the west side of US Highway 83. It was closed in 1979. A portion of the property was reopened in 1984 as the Minot Communications Site and served until 1997.

Minot Air Force Station was the first major Air Force installation in North Dakota, even predating the two "large" bases, Minot Air Force Base and Grand Forks Air Force Base.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Buildings and facilities 2
  • Air Force units and assignments 3
    • Units 3.1
    • Assignments 3.2
    • Commanders 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Minot Air Force Station was part of the last batch of twenty-three radar stations constructed as part of the Air Defense Command permanent network. It was activated on 20 May 1951 at Max, ND, and declared completely operational in 1952.

The 786th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron began operations with AN/FPS-3 and AN/FPS-5 radars in April 1952, and initially the station functioned as a Ground-Control Intercept (GCI) and warning station. As a GCI station, the squadron's role was to guide interceptor aircraft toward unidentified intruders picked up on the unit's radar scopes.

It was named Minot Air Force Station on 1 December 1953. During 1957 an AN/GPS-3 search radar saw brief use. In 1958 the original radars were replaced by AN/FPS-20 search and AN/FPS-6 height-finder sets. A second height-finder set, AN/FPS-6B, was installed during the following year.

During 1961 Minot AFS joined the Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, initially feeding data to DC-20 at Malmstrom AFB, Montana. After joining, the squadron was redesignated as the 786th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 15 July 1961. The radar squadron provided information 24/7 the SAGE Direction Center where it was analyzed to determine range, direction altitude speed and whether or not aircraft were friendly or hostile.

By the end of 1961 the search set had been upgraded and redesignated as an AN/FPS-66. On 31 July 1963, the site was redesignated as NORAD ID Z-28.

An AN/FPS-26A height-finder radar was installed in 1964, and the AN/FPS-6 was retired. The AN/FPS-6B was upgraded to an AN/FPS-90 also that year. In 1964 the site received an AN/FPS-27 search radar which became fully operational in early 1965. The AN/FPS-66 was removed later in 1965. In 1968 the AN/FPS-90 was retired.

In addition to the main facility, Minot operated three unmanned AN/FPS-14 (P-28A) and AN/FPS-18 (P-28B/C) Gap Filler sites:

  • Niobe, ND (P-28A)
  • Regan, ND (P-28D)
  • Alexander, ND (P-28E)

The Alexander site was reassigned to Minot after Dickinson AFS (Z-177) closed in 1965. The site is now home to the Watford City Joint Surveillance System (JSS) (ARSR-4) LRR site (Z-300/J-76).

Over the years, the equipment at the station was upgraded or modified to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the information gathered by the radars. In early 1979 the Air Force announced that the station would be closing due to what was called "redundancies with more strategically located radars".[1] On 29 September 1979 the 786th Radar Squadron was inactivated and the station was closed.

In 1984, a portion of the station was reopened by the USAF as the Minot Communication Site. It was closed again in 1997 and struck from the USAF property register and liquidated ca. 1998. Minot AFS has been sold to civilian interests, and has been reused as a housing subdivision colloquially known as the Radar Base. The station after standing derelict for decades has now been torn down.

Buildings and facilities

Buildings on the station include:[2]

Air Force units and assignments

Emblem of the 786th Radar Squadron On a medium blue shield edged black, a black silhouetted map of the United States, bordered white, surmounted in the chief area of the shield by a black silhouetted radome edged white; an arrow piercing the radome, a radar scope on lower part of radome and two silhouetted aircraft in northwest and southeast corners respectively of the map, all white, details black. The emblem is symbolic of the Aircraft Control and Warning Mission in that electronic detection is indicated by the lightning bolt through the radome; surveillance and control is represented by the radar scope and aircraft and the map of the United States represents the Squadron's constant vigilance in safe-guarding our nation. emblem approved for use: 16 November 1956.

Units

  • Constituted as the 786th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
Activated on 20 May 1951
Redesignated as 786th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 15 July 1961
Redesignated as 786th Radar Squadron on 1 February 1974
Inactivated: 29 September 1979

Assignments

Commanders

  • Major Robert Friend: 20 May 1951 – 26 December 1951;
  • Major James Larson: 26 December 1951 -unknown;
  • Major Leroy Holen: unknown–14 March 1952;
  • Major Edward Stauffer: 14 March 1952 – 16 April 1955;
  • Major Halvden W. Thompson: 16 April 1955 – 8 June 1955;
  • Major Leonard J. Schaitel: 8 June 1955 – 26 July 1957;
  • Major George A. Middleton: 26 July 1957 – 1960;
  • Major I. D. (Israel) Siegel: ca. 1960;
  • Major A. J. Rantal: ca. 1960;
  • Major Jacob F. Stevens: ca. 1963;
  • Major Fred E. Small: ca. 1964–1966;
  • Major Neal C. Brigham: ca. 1966;
  • Major Raymond L. Graham: ca. 1967–2 January 1971;
  • Major Gordon S. Bounds: ca. 1971–1972;
  • Major H. L. Dent: ca. 1972–20 July 1974;
  • Major Joseph R. Cox: ca. 1974-1976;
  • Major Bruce Smith: ca. 1978;
  • Captain Ronald K. Trithart: ca. 1979;

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ need reference
  2. ^ "Squadron Activities - Armed Forces Day". Minot Air Force Station:  
  • Cornett, Lloyd H. and Johnson, Mildred W., A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson AFB, CO (1980).
  • Winkler, David F.; Webster, Julie L (1887). Searching the skies : the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program (PDF). Champaign, IL: US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories.  
  • Information for Minot AFS, ND

External links

  • 786th AC&W Squadron at Minot Air Force Station
  • US Air Defense Radar museum
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